Trout Cave (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Pendleton County, West Virginia (38.7° N, 79.3° W: paleocoordinates 38.7° N, 79.1° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• "...considered by John Guilday (personal communication) to be late Kansan or Yarmouthian in age based upon recent study of the Arvicolinae."

Environment/lithology: cave; lithology not reported

• "The Trout Cave specimens were collected between 9 and 10 ft below the surface of the cave"

Size class: mesofossils

Primary reference: M. K. Frazier. 1977. New Records of Neofiber leonardi (Rodentia: Cricetidae) and the Paleoecology of the Genus. Journal of Mammalogy 58(3):368-373 [M. Uhen/M. Shalap]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 124319: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Margaret Shalap on 11.02.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Actinopteri
 Siluriformes - Ictaluridae
Ictalurus sp.1 Rafinesque 1820 catfish
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana cf. pipiens2 Schreber 1782 Northern leopard frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo americanus2 Holbrook 1836 American toad
 Caudata - Urodela
Cryptobranchus guildayi2 Holman 1977 hellbender
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis1 Daudin 1803 hellbender
Ambystoma opacum2 Gravenhorst 1807 Marbled salamander
Aves
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Ectopistes migratorius1 Linnaeus 1758 passenger pigeon
Reptilia
 Squamata - Iguanidae
Sceloporus undulatus2 Bosc 1802 eastern fence lizard
 Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphe vulpina2 Baird and Girard 1853 fox snake
Coluber constrictor2 Linnaeus 1758 black racer
Lampropeltis triangulum2 Lacépède 1788 milk snake
Heterodon platyrhinos2 Latreille 1801 eastern hognosed snake
Thamnophis sp.2 Fitzinger 1843 garter snake
Nerodia sipedon2 Linnaeus 1758 northern water snake
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Sistrurus catenatus2 pigmy rattlesnake
Crotalus horridus2 Linnaeus 1758 timber rattlesnake
 Squamata - Scincidae
Eumeces fasciatus2 Linnaeus 1758 five-lined skink
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
"Parahodomys sp." = Neotoma1 Say and Ord 1825 pack rat
"Neotoma magister" = Neotoma floridana1 Ord 1818 eastern woodrat
Ondatra annectens1 Brown 1908 muskrat
Ondatra zibethicus1 Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Synaptomys cooperi1 Baird 1858 southern bog lemming
Phenacomys sp.1 Merriam 1889 vole
Clethrionomys gapperi1 Vigors 1830 southern red-backed vole
Microtus pinetorum1 Le Conte 1830 woodland vole
Microtus pennsylvanicus1 Ord 1815 meadow vole
Microtus chrotorrhinus1 Miller 1894 rock vole
Neofiber leonardi Hibbard 1943 mouse
Peromyscus sp.1 Gloger 1841 deer mouse
Peromyscus cumberlandensis1 Guilday and Handley 1967 deer mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus1 Mitchell 1821 thirteen-lined ground squirrel
Marmota monax1 Linnaeus 1758 groundhog
Glaucomys volans1 Linnaeus 1758 southern flying squirrel
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus1 Erxleben 1777 American red squirrel
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor canadensis1 Kuhl 1820 American beaver
 Rodentia - Erethizontidae
Erethizon dorsatum1 Linnaeus 1758 North American porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotona sp.1 Link 1795 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Condylura cristata1 Linnaeus 1758 star-nosed mole
Parascalops breweri1 Bachman 1842 hairly-tailed vole
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew
Sorex arcticus1 Kerr 1792 arctic shrew
Blarina bravicauda1 American short-tailed shrew
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
"Myotis leibi" = Myotis leibii1 Audubon and Bachman 1842 vesper bat
Plecotus sp.1 Geoffroy 1818 vesper bat
Pipistrellus subflavus1 Cuvier 1832 eastern pipistrelle bat
Eptesicus fuscus1 Beauvois 1796 big brown bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus americanus1 Pallas 1780 black bear
 Carnivora - Mephitidae
Spilogale cf. putorius1 Linnaeus 1758 eastern spotted skunk
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustela sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 weasel
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx rufus1 Schreber 1777 bobcat
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus compressus1 Leconte 1848 peccary
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus1 Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer