Slite Beds: Fossils of Hoburgen-type reef limestone (Manten 1971, Table IX) (Silurian of Sweden)

Also known as Reef 3673

Where: Gotland, Sweden (57.7° N, 18.8° E: paleocoordinates 21.4° S, 2.8° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Slite Beds Formation, Sheinwoodian (433.4 - 430.5 Ma)

• Correlation based on Jeppsson (1983), Fossils and Strata 15:128.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; limestone and reef rocks

• SEP: Silurian of Gotland has been variably described as a ramp and platform. Based on my read of the literature, I think if falls best into the ramp category. From Samtleben et al. (1996). Geol. Rundsch 85:278-292; "...this unit consists of a carbonate platform with reef mounds and surrounding shoal sediments of mostly pure biodetritic and pleoidal limestones. Here slow and discontinuous accumulation of carbonate material continued in a very shallow water but under normal marine conditions....to the south and southwest the carbonate platform passes with a conspicuous slope into a deeper shelf basin where a uniform alternation of micritic limestones and marls accumulated." Based on information provided in this collection, it is difficult to tell which facies is represented but I have assumed that it represents the more extensive shallow subtidal facies.
• see geology

Primary reference: A. A. Manten. 1971. Silurian Reefs of Gotland. Developments in Sedimentology 13:1-539 [M. Foote/M. Foote/P. Wagner]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 13597: authorized by Michael Foote, entered by Michael Foote on 15.04.2002, edited by Pete Wagner

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Algae also included.
Rothpletzella
  -
unclassified
  -
Trilobita
  -
Trilobita indet. Walch 1771 trilobite
 Corynexochida - Illaenidae
Bumastus sp. Murchison 1839 trilobite
 Phacopida - Encrinuridae
Encrinurus punctatus Wahlenberg 1821 trilobite
 Phacopida - Cheiruridae
Sphaerexochus sp. Beyrich 1845 trilobite
 Phacopida - Calymenidae
Calymene sp. Brongniart 1822 trilobite
 Proetida - Proetidae
Proetus sp. Steininger 1831 trilobite
 Lichida - Lichidae
Ostracoda
  -
Ostracoda indet. Latreille 1802 ostracod
 Palaeocopida -
 Palaeocopida - Beyrichiidae
Beyrichia sp. M'Coy 1846 ostracod
 Leperditicopida - Leperditiidae
Lophophorata
 Tentaculitida - Tentaculitidae
Tentaculites sp. von Schlotheim 1820
Brachiopoda
  -
Brachiopoda indet. Cuvier 1805
Strophomenata
 Orthotetida - Chilidiopsidae
"Chilidiopsis pecten" = Coolinia pecten
"Chilidiopsis pecten" = Coolinia pecten Linnaeus 1758
 Strophomenida - Aegiromenidae
 Strophomenida - Leptostrophiidae
"Stropheodonta semiglobosa" = Protomegastrophia semiglobosa
"Stropheodonta semiglobosa" = Protomegastrophia semiglobosa Davidson 1871
 Strophomenida - Rafinesquinidae
Leptaena rhomboidalis Wahlenberg 1818
 Strophomenida - Strophomenidae
Strophomena sp. Rafinesque and De Blainville 1824
"Strophomena" sp.
Chileata
 Dictyonellida - Eichwaldiidae
"Dictyonella sp." = Eodictyonella
"Dictyonella sp." = Eodictyonella Wright 1994
Rhynchonellata
 Spiriferida - Cyrtiidae
 Spiriferida - Delthyrididae
Delthyris elevata Dalman 1828
 Pentamerida - Gypidulidae
Gypidula galeata Dalman 1828
 Atrypida - Atrypidae
Plectatrypa imbricata Sowerby and Murchison 1839
Plectatrypa lamellosa Lindström 1861
Atrypa reticularis Linnaeus 1758
 Rhynchonellida - Trigonirhynchiidae
 Rhynchonellida - Rhynchotrematidae
"Camarotoechia borealis" = Stegerhynchus borealis
"Camarotoechia borealis" = Stegerhynchus borealis Buch 1834
 Rhynchonellida - Camarotoechiidae
 Rhynchonellida - Hebetoechiidae
Sphaerirhynchia wilsoni de Sowerby 1816
 Orthida - Rhipidomellidae
 Orthida - Dalmanellidae
Resserella sp. Bancroft 1928
Resserella elegantula Dalman 1828
 Orthida - Hesperorthidae
Dolerorthis rustica Sowerby 1839
 Orthida - Platystrophiidae
Platystrophia sp., "Platystrophia biforata" = Platystrophia biforatus
"Platystrophia biforata" = Platystrophia biforatus Schlotheim 1820
Lingulata
 Lingulida - Disciniidae
Orbiculoidea sp. d'Orbigny 1847
Craniata
 Trimerellida - Trimerellidae
Polychaeta
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
Spirorbis sp. Daudin 1800
Rostroconchia
 Conocardiida -
Conocardioidea sp.1 Miller 1889
Bivalvia
  -
"Lamellibranchiata indet." = Bivalvia, Megalomus sp.
"Lamellibranchiata indet." = Bivalvia Linnaeus 1758 clam
Megalomus sp. Hall 1852 clam
"Megalomus" sp.
 Myalinida - Ambonychiidae
 Ostreida - Pterineidae
Pterinea sp. Goldfuss 1832 oyster
 Carditida - Cardiniidae
Cypricardinia sp. Hall 1860 clam
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
Gastropoda indet.2 Cuvier 1797 snail
 Cyrtoneritimorpha - Orthonychiidae
"Platyceras enorme" = Orthonychia enorme
"Platyceras enorme" = Orthonychia enorme Lindström 1884 snail
 Trochonematoidea - Lophospiridae
Loxoplocus gothlandicus1, "Murchisonia imbricata" = Frodospira imbricata1
Loxoplocus gothlandicus1 Ulrich and Scofield 1897 snail
"Murchisonia imbricata" = Frodospira imbricata1 Lindström 1884 snail
[entered as Murchisonia imbricta]
 Euomphalina - Euomphalidae
Euomphalopterus alatus Wahlenberg 1821 snail
Poleumita sp. Clarke and Ruedemann 1903 snail
Poleumita discors Sowerby 1814 snail
 Euomphalina - Elasmonematidae
"Trochus incisus" = Streptotrochus incisus
"Trochus incisus" = Streptotrochus incisus Lindström 1884 snail
 Euomphalina - Platyceratidae
"Platyceras cornutum" = Platyostoma cornutum, Cyclonema sp.
"Platyceras cornutum" = Platyostoma cornutum Hisinger 1837 snail
Cyclonema sp. Hall 1852 snail
 Euomphalina - Craspedostomatidae
Craspedostoma sp. Lindström 1884 snail
Craspedostoma elegantulum Lindström 1884 snail
 Euomphalina - Oriostomatidae
"Poleumita globosum" = Oriostoma globosum von Schlotheim 1820 snail
Oriostoma angulatum Wahlenberg 1821 snail
Oriostoma acutum Lindström 1884 snail
 Bellerophontida -
Bellerophontoidea sp.1 M'Coy 1851 snail
 Murchisoniina - Luciellidae
"Pleurotomaria limata" = Prosolarium limata
"Pleurotomaria limata" = Prosolarium limata Lindström 1884 snail
 Murchisoniina - Murchisoniidae
Murchisoniidae sp.1 Koken 1896 snail
Tentaculita
 Cornulitida - Cornulitidae
Cephalopoda
  -
Cephalopoda indet. Cuvier 1797
 Orthocerida -
 Orthocerida - Choanoceratidae
 Orthocerida - Orthoceratidae
Orthoceras sp. Breynius 1832
 Discosorida - Phragmoceratidae
 Ascocerida - Ascoceratidae
Bryozoa
  -
Bryozoa indet. Ehrenberg 1831
Stenolaemata
 Fenestrida - Fenestellidae
Fenestella sp. Lonsdale 1839
"Fenestella mobergi" = Archaefenestella mobergi Hennig 1906
 Cystoporida - Fistuliporidae
Fistulipora sp. McCoy 1850
 Cryptostomata - Ptilodictyidae
Ptilodictya lanceolata Goldfuss 1829
Crinoidea
  -
Crinoidea indet. Miller 1821 Sea lily
 Cladida - Botryocrinidae
Botryocrinus sp. Angelin 1878 Sea lily
 Cyathocrinida - Cyathocrinitidae
Gissocrinus sp. Angelin 1878 Sea lily
Stromatoporoidea
 Stromatoporoidea -
 Actinostromatida - Actinostromatidae
Actinostroma sp. Nicholson 1886
 Clathrodictyida - Clathrodictyidae
Anthozoa
  -
Anthozoa indet. Ehrenberg 1834
 Auloporida - Roemeriidae
Roemeria sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851 tabulate coral
 Auloporida - Syringoporidae
Syringopora sp. Goldfuss 1826 tabulate coral
 Auloporida - Auloporidae
Aulopora sp. Goldfuss 1829 tabulate coral
 Favositida - Favositidae
Favosites asper tabulate coral
Favosites sp. Lamarck 1816 tabulate coral
Favosites gothlandicus Lamarck 1816 tabulate coral
 Favositida - Theciidae
Thecia swinderniana Goldfuss 1829 tabulate coral
 Favositida - Coenitidae
Coenites repens tabulate coral
Coenites sp. Eichwald 1829 tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Halysitidae
Halysites catenulatus tabulate coral
Halysites sp. von Waldheim 1813 tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Plasmoporidae
Plasmopora rudis tabulate coral
Plasmopora sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1849 tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Proporidae
Diploepora grayi tabulate coral
Propora speciosa tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Heliolitidae
Heliolites parvistella tabulate coral
Heliolites sp. Dana 1846 tabulate coral
Heliolites barrandei Penecke 1887 tabulate coral
 Stauriida - Stauriidae
Stauria favosa horn coral
 Stauriida - Streptelasmatidae
 Stauriida - Acervulariidae
Acervularia sp. Schweigger 1819 horn coral
 Rugosa -
Omphyma sp. Rafinesque and Clifford 1820 horn coral
Scyphozoa
 Conulariida - Conulariidae
Rhodophyceae
  - Solenoporaceae
Solenopora sp. Dybowski 1877
 Algae -