Wajak Cave Mammal Fauna (Holocene of Indonesia)

Where: Java, Indonesia (8.6° S, 116.2° E: paleocoordinates 8.6° S, 116.2° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• The age of the Wajak site is very poorly constrained and given as "post-Pleistocene" and "Mesolithic."

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; lithified carbonate

• The original description of the lithology was very sketchy, and the site has been subsequently destroyed. The fossils were all evidently found in the same breccia.
• "Cave breccia"

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

Primary reference: L.M. van den Brink. 1982. On the mammal fauna of the Wajak Cave, Java (Indonesia). In: G. Bartstra, ed. Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia 7:177-193 [W. Clyde/J. Finarelli/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 13738: authorized by Will Clyde, entered by John Finarelli on 23.04.2002

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• This was the first attempt to describe the entire mammal fauna of the Wajak Cave. Earlier reports listed on the human remains, and some of the species (e.g. tigers).
Osteichthyes indet. bony fish
A few vertebrae and a mandibular fragment. Attributed to "Pisces" in article.
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx sp. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
Some turtle shell fragments
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
plus some tooth fragments
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
plus additioanl distal articulation fragments of metatasals and meta carpals
"Cervus (Rusa) kuhlii" = Rusa deer
Cervus (Rusa) timorensis Blainville 1822 deer
Muntiacus muntjak Rafinesque 1815 muntjak
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus indicus Desmarest 1819 Malayan tapir
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera tigris Linnaeus 1758 tiger
 Pholidota - Manidae
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
cf. Sciurus notatus squirrel
Containing left lower P4 to M3
 Rodentia - Muridae
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Presbytis (Trachypithecus) sp. Eschscholtz 1821 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens Linnaeus 1758 human
Acanthion brachyurus