Wajak Cave Mammal Fauna (Holocene of Indonesia)

Where: Java, Indonesia (8.6° S, 116.2° E: paleocoordinates 8.6° S, 116.2° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• The age of the Wajak site is very poorly constrained and given as "post-Pleistocene" and "Mesolithic."

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; lithified carbonate

• The original description of the lithology was very sketchy, and the site has been subsequently destroyed. The fossils were all evidently found in the same breccia.
• "Cave breccia"

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

Primary reference: L.M. van den Brink. 1982. On the mammal fauna of the Wajak Cave, Java (Indonesia). In: G. Bartstra, ed. Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia 7:177-193 [W. Clyde/J. Finarelli/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 13738: authorized by Will Clyde, entered by John Finarelli on 23.04.2002

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• This was the first attempt to describe the entire mammal fauna of the Wajak Cave. Earlier reports listed on the human remains, and some of the species (e.g. tigers).
unclassified
  -
Gnathostomata
  -
Osteichthyes indet. bony fish
A few vertebrae and a mandibular fragment. Attributed to "Pisces" in article.
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx sp. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
Some turtle shell fragments
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
Mammalia
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
plus some tooth fragments
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
plus additioanl distal articulation fragments of metatasals and meta carpals
"Cervus (Rusa) kuhlii" = Rusa deer
Cervus (Rusa) timorensis Blainville 1822 deer
Muntiacus muntjak Rafinesque 1815 muntjak
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus indicus Desmarest 1819 Malayan tapir
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera tigris Linnaeus 1758 tiger
 Pholidota - Manidae
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
cf. Sciurus notatus squirrel
Containing left lower P4 to M3
 Rodentia - Muridae
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Presbytis (Trachypithecus) sp. Eschscholtz 1821 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens Linnaeus 1758 human
Acanthion brachyurus
  -