Swan Hills Site 1 (Paleocene of Canada)

Also known as UAP-13

Where: Alberta, Canada (54.8° N, 115.5° W: paleocoordinates 61.4° N, 91.5° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Paskapoo Formation, Tiffanian (61.7 - 56.8 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; gray, argillaceous shale and silty claystone

• "low-energy fluvial or lacustrine environment" (Scott 2006)
• "most of the rock at this locality is grey bentonitic shale; there are also thin lignitic layers and beds of friable limestone" (Russell 1967)

•"fossiliferous horizons [in the Swan Hills area] are predominantly montmorillonitic argillaceous shales, interbedded with or overlain by silty clays and calcareous shales" (Scott 2006)

Size class: mesofossils

Collected by L. S. Russell in 1965; reposited in the ROM

Collection methods: surface (float), surface (in situ),

Primary reference: L. S. Russell. 1967. Palaeontology of the Swan Hills area, north-central Alberta. Life Science Contribution, Royal Ontario Museum 71:1-31 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 14995: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Matthew Carrano

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• supersedes various Krause references
 Amiiformes - Amiidae
"Stylomyleodon sp." = Cyclurus
"Stylomyleodon sp." = Cyclurus Agassiz 1839 bowfin
 Multituberculata - Microcosmodontidae
Microcosmodon sp.2 Jepsen 1930 multituberculate
 Multituberculata - Ptilodontidae
Prochetodon foxi2 Krause 1987 multituberculate
Ptilodus kummae2 Krause 1977 multituberculate
 Multituberculata - Neoplagiaulacidae
Neoplagiaulax cf. hazeni2 Jepsen 1940 multituberculate
Neoplagiaulax cf. hazeni2 Jepsen 1940 multituberculate
Neoplagiaulax hunteri2 Simpson 1936 multituberculate
Mesodma pygmaea2 Sloan 1987 multituberculate
 Proteutheria - Palaeoryctidae
Pararyctes sp.2 Van Valen 1966 eutherian
 Dermoptera -
Elpidophorus sp.2 Simpson 1927 colugo
 Primates - Plesiadapidae
Plesiadapidae indet.2 Trouessart 1897 primate
Plesiadapis churchilli2 Gingerich 1975 primate
 Primates - Carpolestidae
"Carpolestes cygneus n. sp." = Carpodaptes cygneus
"Carpolestes cygneus n. sp." = Carpodaptes cygneus Russell 1967 primate
 Primates - Paromomyidae
Ignacius frugivorus2 Matthew and Granger 1921 primate
 Tribosphenida - Erinaceidae
Litolestes cf. ignotus Jepsen 1930 hedgehog
Oncocherus krishtalkai3 Scott 2006 hedgehog
 Tribosphenida - Pantolestoidae
? Pantolestidae indet. Cope 1884 placental
omitted by Fox 1990
Bessoecetor sp.4 Simpson 1936 placental
omitted by Fox 1990
Propalaeosinopa sp.2 Simpson 1927 placental
 Soricomorpha - Nyctitheriidae
Nyctitheriidae indet.2 Simpson 1928 placental
Leptacodon tener Matthew and Granger 1921 placental
 Tribosphenida - Phenacodontidae
Ectocion osbornianus2 Cope 1882 condylarth
Phenacodus sp.1 Cope 1873 condylarth
 Procreodi - Arctocyonidae
Arctocyon sp.1 Blainville 1841 condylarth
 Ferae - Viverravidae
Viverravus cf. laytoni1 Gingerich and Winkler 1985 placental
compared to Simpsonictis tenuis and Bryanictis microlestes
 Acreodi - Oxyclaenidae
"? Oxyclaeninae indet." = Oxyclaenidae
"? Oxyclaeninae indet." = Oxyclaenidae Scott 1892 placental
omitted by Fox 1990
 Macroscelidea -
Litocherus lacunatus2, "Diacocherus meizon" = Adunator meizon2
Litocherus lacunatus2 Gazin 1956 elephant shrew
includes type of "Litomylus alphamon"
"Diacocherus meizon" = Adunator meizon2 Gingerich 1983 elephant shrew
 Cimolesta - Titanoideidae
Titanoides cf. primaevus2 Gidley 1917 pantodont
 Architaenioglossa - Viviparidae