Nettle Cave (Pleistocene of Australia)

Also known as Nettle Cave of the Jenolan Caves Reserve on the Gread Dividing Ridge

Where: New South Wales, Australia (33.8° S, 150.0° E: paleocoordinates 33.8° S, 150.0° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: cave; carbonate and brown, sandy claystone

• The gross stratigraphy of the bone-rich sediment suggests these sediments had formed as a result of a series of deposits of air-fall debris. The dark organic layer indicates a stable surface. The sediment changed below this layer to a brown, gritty, sandy clay that contained an increased amount of charcoal and soil particles, but a reduced amount of bone. Two discrete lenses of charcoal were evident. Between these lenses was a white, calcareous, cemented layer which may represent a former water saturation level.

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: D. A. Morris, M. L. Augee, D. Gillieson and J. Head. 1997. Analysis of a late Quaternary deposit and small mammal fauna from Nettle Cave, Jenolan, New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 117:135-161 [M. Uhen/J. Joo/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 181897: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Joshua Joo on 07.10.2016

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Oryctolagus cuniculus Linnaeus 1758 European rabbit
 Rodentia -
Pseudomys oralis Australian mouse
Pseudomys gracilicaudatus Australian mouse
Pseudomys australis Australian mouse
Pseudomys novaehollandiae Australian mouse
Pseudomys fumeus Australian mouse
 Rodentia - Muridae
Mus musculus Linnaeus 1758 house mouse
Rattus rattus Linnaeus 1758 black rat
Mastacomys fuscus broad-toothed rat
 Rodentia -
 Dasyuromorphia - Dasyuridae
Dasyurus viverrinus Shaw 1800 eastern quoll
Sminthopsis murina Waterhouse 1837 Slender-tailed dunnart
Phascogale tapoatafa Meyer 1793 brush-tailed phascogale
Antechinus flavipes Waterhouse 1838 Yellow-footed antechinus
Antechinus swainsonii Waterhouse 1840 Dusky antechinus
Antechinus stuartii Macleay 1841 Brown antechinus
 Diprotodontia - Potoroidae
Bettongia sp. Gray 1837 bettong
Potorous tridactylus Kerr 1792 long-nosed potoroo
 Diprotodontia - Macropodidae
Thylogale thetis Lesson 1828 Red-necked pademelon
 Diprotodontia - Pseudocheiridae
Pseudocheirus peregrinus Boddaert 1785 common ringtail possum
Petauroides volans Kerr 1792 ringtail possum
 Diprotodontia - Burramyidae
Burramys parvus Broom 1896 mountain pygmy possum
Cercartetus lepidus Thomas 1888 Tasmanian pygmy possum
Cercartetus nanus Desmarest 1818 eastern pygmy possum
 Diprotodontia - Petauridae
Petaurus breviceps Waterhouse 1839 sugar glider
 Diprotodontia - Acrobatidae
Acrobates pygmaeus Shaw 1794 feathertail glider
 Peramelemorphia - Peramelidae
Isoodon obesulus Shaw 1797 short-nosed bandicoot
Perameles nasuta Geoffroy 1804 long-nosed bandicoot