Rhino Hill Quarry (Neogene of the United States)

Where: Wallace County, Kansas (38.9° N, 101.7° W: paleocoordinates 39.2° N, 100.0° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Ogallala Formation, Hemphillian (10.3 - 4.9 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: J. A. Harrison. 1983. The Carnivora of the Edson local fauna (late Hemphillian), Kansas. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 54:1-42 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

PaleoDB collection 18342: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 05.08.1992, edited by Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• based on a 1978 master's thesis by Bennett
stratigraphic position relative to Edson unknown according to Harrison, but Bennett 1979 claims that Edson is several meters lower
Actinopteri
 Cyprinodontiformes - Fundulidae
Fundulus detillae n. sp.2 Hibbard and Dunkle 1942
University of Kansas Museum of Vertebrate Paleontology, no. 848F (holotype), complete but imperfectly impressed fish in counterpart
 Centrarchiformes - Centrarchidae
Chaenobryttus kansasensis2 Hibbard 1936 sunfish
Pomoxis lanei2 Hibbard 1936 sunfish
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
"Scaphiopus studeri" = Spea studeri2
"Scaphiopus studeri" = Spea studeri2 Taylor 1938 spadefoot toad
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras sp.4 Hatcher 1894 rhinoceros
pers. commun.: "T. fossiger"; said to be the same as the new Optima species
Aphelops mutilus Matthew 1924 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Nannippus cf. lenticularis Cope 1893 hipparionine horse
"lenticulare"
Neohipparion cf. eurystyle Cope 1893 hipparionine horse
Dinohippus interpolatus Cope 1893 horse
Astrohippus ansae Matthew and Stirton 1930 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursidae indet. Gray 1825 bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
Eucyon davisi1 Merriam 1911 canine
Borophagus pugnator5 Cook 1922 bone-crushing dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Machairodus coloradensis" = Amphimachairodus coloradensis
"Machairodus coloradensis" = Amphimachairodus coloradensis Cook 1922 cat
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Amebelodon britti3 Lambert 1990 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Tayassuinae indet.1 Palmer 1897 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelidae indet.1 Gray 1821 camel
Megatylopus matthewi Webb 1965 camel
"Hemiauchenia vera" = Pleiolama vera Matthew 1909 camel
Alforjas taylori Harrison 1979 camel
 Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Pediomeryx hemphillensis Stirton 1936 ruminant
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Texoceros sp. Frick 1937 pronghorn