Farish Ranch (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as Lapara Creek fauna; Berclair; Site 15; TMM 31081

Where: Bee County, Texas (28.6° N, 97.7° W: paleocoordinates 29.0° N, 95.3° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Lapara Member (Goliad Formation), Clarendonian (13.6 - 10.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Reposited in the TMM

Primary reference: J. A. Wilson. 1960. Miocene carnivores, Texas Coastal Plain. Journal of Paleontology 34(5):983-1000 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

PaleoDB collection 18623: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993, edited by Jonathan Marcot and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• said to be near top of member
any Teleoceras is T. cf. major: Prothero and Manning 1987
unclassified
  -
Pylodictis olivaris4
TMM 31081-99 pectoral spine, --367 pectoral spine, -624 centrum (2), -850 centrum (2), -872 dentary
Actinopteri
 Siluriformes - Ictaluridae
Ictalurus cf. lambda4 catfish
TMM 31081-1059 articular, -1127 pectoral spines (5), -1284 pectoral spines (2).
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteus sp.4 Agassiz 1843 gar
TMM 31081-121, -122, -325, -615
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Apalone sp.4 Rafinesque 1832 softshell turtle
TMM 31081-139 xiphiplastron, -145 carapace fragment, -308 plastron fragment, -432 carapace fragment, -555, -601 plastron fragments, -725, -731, -737 costals, -864 neural, -1130 costal, -1488 hypoplastron, -1562 carapace fragments
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Hesperotestudo sp.4 Williams 1950 turtle
TMM 31081-82 caudal vertebrae, -364 dermal ossicle, -600 peripheral, -883 peripheral, -921 dermal ossicle, -1419 dermal ossicle
cf. Gopherus sp.4 Rafinesque 1832 gopher tortoise
TMM 31081-1314 carapace and plastron.
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydidae indet.4 Rafinesque 1815 turtle
TMM 31081-14 plastron fragment, -140 plastron fragments, -163 plastron fragment, -277 carapace fragment, -544 plastron, -888 posterior peripherals
cf. Trachemys sp.4 Agassiz 1857 slider
TMM 31081-280, a partial carapace
Aves
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
cf. Anserinae indet.4 Vigors 1825 goose
TMM 31081-1263 ulna
Reptilia
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Alligator cf. mississippiensis4 Daudin 1801 American alligator
TMM 31081-33 teeth, -40 mandible fragment with symphysis, -48, -78, -106 teeth, -138 osteoderms, -215 left squamosal, -237, -276 osteoderms, -385 skull fragment, -400 femur, -579 humerus, -584 partial skull (left maxillary, partial right maxillary, partial nasals), -758 proximal rib fragment, -810 right premaxillary, -1393 mandible fragment, -1417 parietal, -1473 parietal
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras major6 Hatcher 1894 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hippotherium sp.1 Kaup 1832 hipparionine horse
"Hippotherium ingenuum" = Cormohipparion ingenuum1 Leidy 1885 hipparionine horse
Pseudhipparion curtivallum7 Quinn 1955 hipparionine horse
Nannippus sp.1 Matthew 1926 hipparionine horse
Hipparion tehonense4 Merriam 1916 hipparionine horse
TMM 31081-50 M, -162 R maxilla with DP3-M1, -397 p2, -627 M3, -705 P2, -822 M, -823 M, -952 M, -1033 M, -1072 p2, -1117 m, -1222 M3, -1240 M, -1440 P2, -1482 P2, -1463 M
Protohippus supremus3 Leidy 1869 horse
Calippus martini3 Hesse 1936 horse
Calippus regulus2 Johnston 1937 horse
Calippus placidus3 Leidy 1869 horse
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyoninae indet.1 Trouessart 1885 bear-dog
Ischyrocyon gidleyi4 Matthew 1902 bear-dog
TMM 31081-465 humerus, -1243 C, -1166 C
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
cf. Mustelidae indet.4 Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
TMM 31081-157, -1338 edentulous dentary
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet. Fischer 1817 canid
cf. Eucyon sp.4 Tedford and Qiu 1996 canine
TMM 31081-1255 partial right maxilla with P4-M2
Aelurodon taxoides4 Hatcher 1894 bone-crushing dog
TMM 31081-197 canine, -271 i3, -1142 canine, -1143 m2
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
cf. Gomphotherium sp.4 Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
TMM 31081-1 juvenile right dentary with dp2 and dp4
 Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
Ustatochoerus cf. medius4 Leidy 1858 oreodont
TMM 31081-685 partial right maxilla with C, P1-M3, -1157 partial right maxilla with M2-M3 and alveoli for P1-M1.
"Merychyus novomexicanus" = Ustatochoerus medius novomexicanus1 Frick 1929 oreodont
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Prosthennops xiphidonticus4 peccary
TMM 31081-363 partial dentary with dp4-m1, -629 partial mandible with p4-m3, -673 partial mandible with right and left p2(alveoli), p3-m3, -1128 M1 or M2
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Protolabis cf. yavapaiensis4 Honey and Taylor 1978 camel
TMM 31081-28 partial left dentary with p3 (roots only), p4-m3 (broken)
Protolabis coartatus1 Stirton 1929 camel
Nothotylopus camptognathus5 Patton 1969 camel
Megatylopus primaevus5 Patton 1969 camel
Procamelus grandis5 Gregory 1939 camel
Procamelus occidentalis5 Leidy 1858 camel
Aepycamelus sp.5 Macdonald 1956 camel
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Synthetoceras tricornatus4 Stirton 1932 protoceratid
TMM 31081-525 metapodial, -612 metapodial, -1416 M2, -1471 M2
 Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Cranioceras teres4 Cope 1874 ruminant
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Ramoceros ramosus4 Cope 1874 pronghorn
TMM 31081- various post-cranial elements