Medio Creek Site No. 19 (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as Lapara Creek fauna; TMM 31170; Site 19

Where: Bee County, Texas (28.6° N, 97.7° W: paleocoordinates 29.0° N, 95.3° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Clarendonian (13.6 - 10.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Reposited in the TMM

Primary reference: C. B. Schultz and C. H. Falkenbach. 1968. The Phylogeny of the Oreodonts. Part 1: Merycoidodontinae, Eporeodontinae, and Leptaucheniinae, Three Subfamilies Of Oreodonts, With an Appendix to the Revision Of The Merycoidodontidae, and Part 2. Summary and Conclusions Concerning the Merycoidodontidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 139:1-498 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

PaleoDB collection 18645: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993, edited by Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• may or may not be the Medio Creek site 2 mi SE of Normana of Weeks 1945; apparently the specimens are at UCMP and were not seen by later authors
status of Weeks' "2 miles north of the Beevile-Goliad highway" locality on Medio Creek is unclear
Reptilia
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Alligator cf. mississippiensis4 Daudin 1801 American alligator
TMM 31170-31, -42, -226 teeth
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Mylagaulidae
"Ceratogaulus cf. rhinoceros" = Ceratogaulus rhinocerus4
"Ceratogaulus cf. rhinoceros" = Ceratogaulus rhinocerus4 Matthew 1902 rodent
TMM 31170-67 left P4
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hippotherium sp.1 Kaup 1832 hipparionine horse
Pseudhipparion curtivallum6 Quinn 1955 hipparionine horse
Nannippus sp.1 Matthew 1926 hipparionine horse
Hipparion tehonense4 Merriam 1916 hipparionine horse
TMM 31170-90 M1/M2, -188 M1/M2, -189 P3/P4, -190 P3/P4, -191 P3/P4, -192 m1/m2, -193 M1/M2, -194 M3, -195 M3, -196 M1/M2, 198 M1/M2, -288 P3/P4, -920 M1/M2
Calippus martini3 Hesse 1936 horse
Calippus regulus2 Johnston 1937 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Aelurodon taxoides4 Hatcher 1894 bone-crushing dog
TMM 31170-64 partial left dentary with m1, -65 right M2
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
cf. Gomphotherium sp.4 Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
TMM 31170-47 upper tusk fragment
 Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
Ustatochoerus cf. medius4 Leidy 1858 oreodont
TMM 31170-25 partial right dentary with p4-m2, -114 left M2
Merychyus sp.1 Leidy 1858 oreodont
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Procamelus occidentalis5 Leidy 1858 camel
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Synthetoceras tricornatus4 Stirton 1932 protoceratid
TMM 31170-84 m3
 Ungulata - Gelocidae
Pseudoceras skinneri4 Frick 1937 ruminant
TMM 31170-109 partial left dentary with p4-m1
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Merycodontinae indet.5 Matthew 1904 pronghorn
Ramoceros ramosus4 Cope 1874 pronghorn
TMM 31170-28 m3