Marfells Beach, midden deposits (Holocene of New Zealand)

Also known as Lake Grassmere, Marlborough

Where: New Zealand (41.7° S, 174.2° E: paleocoordinates 41.7° S, 174.2° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• between 600 and 1500 years BP

Environment/lithology: dune; siliciclastic sediments

• Dunes in a beach setting

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate, anthropogenic

Primary reference: T. H. Worthy. 1998. A remarkable fossil and archaeological avifauna from Marfells Beach, Lake Grassmere, South Island, New Zealand. Records of the Canterbury Museum 12:79-176 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 194618: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 23.06.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Sterna striata Gmelin 1789 white-fronted tern
Larus spp. Linnaeus 1758 gull
Larus scopulinus/bulleri
Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein 1823 kelp gull
 Charadriiformes - Haematopodidae
Haematopus unicolor Forster 1841 variable oystercatcher
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Coturnix novaezelandiae Quoy and Gaimard 1830 New Zealand quail
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Tadorna variegata Gmelin 1789 paradise shelduck
Cygnus sumnerensis2 Forbes 1889 swan
Biziura delautouri Forbes 1891 New Zealand musk duck
Mergus australis Hombron and Jacquinot 1841 Auckland Islands merganser
Aythya novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 New Zealand scaup
Anas superciliosa Gmelin 1789 Pacific black duck
Anas gracilis Buller 1869 gray teal
Anas chlorotis Gray 1845 brown teal
Malacorhynchus scarletti Olson 1977 Scarlett's duck
 Falconiformes -
Harpagornis moorei Haast 1872 Haast's eagle
 Psittaciformes - Strigopidae
Nestor meridionalis, "Strigops habroptilus" = Strigops habroptila
Nestor meridionalis Gmelin 1788 New Zealand kaka
"Strigops habroptilus" = Strigops habroptila Gray 1845 kakapo
 Psittaciformes - Psittaculidae
Cyanoramphus spp. Bonaparte 1854 parrot
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 New Zealand pigeon
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus moriorum Forbes 1892 Chatham Islands raven
 Passeriformes - Callaeidae
Philesturnus carunculatus Gmelin 1789 South Island saddleback
 Passeriformes - Meliphagidae
 Passeriformes - Oriolidae
Turnagra capensis Sparrman 1787 South Island piopio
 Passeriformes - Motacillidae
Anthus novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 Australasian pipit
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Gallirallus australis Sparrman 1786 weka
Fulica prisca Hamilton 1893 New Zealand coot
Porphyrio hochstetteri Meyer 1883 South Island takahe
Porphyrio porphyrio Linnaeus 1758 western swamphen
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Puffinus spp. Brisson 1760 shearwater
Puffinus gavia/huttoni
Pterodroma cookii Gray 1843 Cook's petrel
"Puffinus griseus" = Ardenna grisea Gmelin 1789 sooty shearwater
 Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae
"? Egretta alba" = Ardea alba
"? Egretta alba" = Ardea alba Linnaeus 1758 great egret
 Apterygiformes - Apterygidae
Apteryx "sp. juv." Huxley 1867 kiwi
Apteryx australis Shaw 1813 Southern brown kiwi
 Dinornithiformes - Emeidae
Euryapteryx geranoides Owen 1848 Mantell's moa
Emeus crassus Owen 1846 eastern moa
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus Gray 1845 Fiordland penguin
Eudyptula minor Forster 1781 little penguin
Megadyptes waitaha1 Boessenkool et al. 2009 Waitaha penguin
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Circus eylesi Scarlett 1953 Eyles's harrier
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocoracidae indet., Phalacrocorax spp., Phalacrocorax varius, "Leucocarbo carunculatus" = Phalacrocorax carunculatus, "Stictocarbo punctatus" = Phalacrocorax punctatus, "Phalacrocorax melanoleucos" = Microcarbo melanoleucos
Phalacrocoracidae indet. Reichenbach 1850 cormorant
P. carbo/varius/Leucocarbo carunculatus
Phalacrocorax spp. Brisson 1760 cormorant
Phalacrocorax carbo/varius
Phalacrocorax varius Gmelin 1789 pied cormorant
"Leucocarbo carunculatus" = Phalacrocorax carunculatus Gmelin 1789 Rough-faced shag
"Stictocarbo punctatus" = Phalacrocorax punctatus Sparrman 1786 spotted shag
"Phalacrocorax melanoleucos" = Microcarbo melanoleucos Vieillot 1817 little pied cormorant