Marfells Beach, Dawson collection (Holocene of New Zealand)

Also known as Lake Grassmere, Marlborough

Where: New Zealand (41.7° S, 174.2° E: paleocoordinates 41.7° S, 174.2° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• Collected from the eroding dune surface. Dated between 600 and 1500 years BP.

Environment/lithology: dune; siliciclastic sediments

• Dunes in a beach setting

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate, anthropogenic

Collected by Elliot Dawson in 1948, 1951

• Repository: Canterbury Museum

Primary reference: T. H. Worthy. 1998. A remarkable fossil and archaeological avifauna from Marfells Beach, Lake Grassmere, South Island, New Zealand. Records of the Canterbury Museum 12:79-176 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 194619: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 23.06.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Sterna striata Gmelin 1789 white-fronted tern
"Sterna albostriata" = Chlidonias albostriatus Gray 1845 black-fronted tern
Larus spp. Linnaeus 1758 gull
Larus scopulina/bulleri
Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein 1823 kelp gull
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Limosa lapponica Linnaeus 1758 bar-tailed godwit
 Charadriiformes - Haematopodidae
Haematopus unicolor Forster 1841 variable oystercatcher
Haematopus ostralegus Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian oystercatcher
 Charadriiformes - Charadriidae
Anarhynchus frontalis Quoy and Gaimard 1830 wrybill
Charadrius obscurus Gmelin 1789 red-breasted dotterel
 Charadriiformes - Stercorariidae
"Catharacta antarctica" = Stercorarius antarcticus
"Catharacta antarctica" = Stercorarius antarcticus Lesson 1831 brown skua
As Catharacta skua
 Charadriiformes - Recurvirostridae
Himantopus novaezelandiae Gould 1841 black stilt
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Coturnix novaezelandiae Quoy and Gaimard 1830 New Zealand quail
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Tadorna variegata Gmelin 1789 paradise shelduck
Cygnus sumnerensis2 Forbes 1889 swan
"? Anas rhynchotis" = Spatula rhynchotis Latham 1801 Australian shoveler
Biziura delautouri Forbes 1891 New Zealand musk duck
Mergus australis Hombron and Jacquinot 1841 Auckland Islands merganser
Aythya novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 New Zealand scaup
Anas superciliosa Gmelin 1789 Pacific black duck
Anas chlorotis Gray 1845 brown teal
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Falco novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1788 New Zealand falcon
 Falconiformes -
Harpagornis moorei Haast 1872 Haast's eagle
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies Gray 1844 laughing owl
Ninox novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1788 southern boobook
 Psittaciformes - Strigopidae
Nestor meridionalis, "Strigops habroptilus" = Strigops habroptila
Nestor meridionalis Gmelin 1788 New Zealand kaka
"Strigops habroptilus" = Strigops habroptila Gray 1845 kakapo
 Psittaciformes - Psittaculidae
Cyanoramphus spp. Bonaparte 1854 parrot
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 New Zealand pigeon
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus moriorum Forbes 1892 Chatham Islands raven
 Passeriformes - Callaeidae
"Callaeas cinerea" = Callaeas cinereus
"Callaeas cinerea" = Callaeas cinereus Gmelin 1789 South Island kokako
 Passeriformes - Meliphagidae
 Passeriformes - Oriolidae
Turnagra capensis Sparrman 1787 South Island piopio
 Passeriformes - Motacillidae
Anthus novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 Australasian pipit
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Gallinula hodgenorum Scarlett 1955 Hodgen's rail
Gallirallus australis Sparrman 1786 weka
Fulica prisca Hamilton 1893 New Zealand coot
 Podicipediformes - Podicipedidae
Poliocephalus rufopectus Gray 1843 New Zealand grebe
Podiceps cristatus Linnaeus 1758 great crested grebe
 Procellariiformes - Oceanitidae
Pelagodroma marina Latham 1790 white-faced storm-petrel
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Pachyptila turtur Kuhl 1820 fairy prion
Pelecanoides urinatrix Gmelin 1789 common diving-petrel
Macronectes spp. Richmond 1905 giant petrel
Macronectes halli/giganteus
Puffinus spp. Brisson 1760 shearwater
Puffinus gavia/huttoni
Puffinus assimilis Gould 1838 little shearwater
"Puffinus carneipes" = Ardenna carneipes Gould 1844 flesh-footed shearwater
"Puffinus griseus" = Ardenna grisea Gmelin 1789 sooty shearwater
 Pelecaniformes - Pelecanidae
Pelecanus conspicillatus Temminck 1824 Australian pelican
 Apterygiformes - Apterygidae
Apteryx australis Shaw 1813 Southern brown kiwi
 Dinornithiformes - Emeidae
? Pachyornis elephantopus Owen 1856 heavy-footed moa
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus Gray 1845 Fiordland penguin
Eudyptula minor Forster 1781 little penguin
Megadyptes waitaha1 Boessenkool et al. 2009 Waitaha penguin
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Circus eylesi Scarlett 1953 Eyles's harrier
Circus approximans Peale 1848 swamp harrier
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocorax spp., Phalacrocorax carbo, Phalacrocorax varius, "Leucocarbo carunculatus" = Phalacrocorax carunculatus, "Stictocarbo punctatus" = Phalacrocorax punctatus, "Phalacrocorax melanoleucos" = Microcarbo melanoleucos
Phalacrocorax spp. Brisson 1760 cormorant
Phalacrocorax carbo/varius
Phalacrocorax carbo Linnaeus 1758 great cormorant
Phalacrocorax varius Gmelin 1789 pied cormorant
"Leucocarbo carunculatus" = Phalacrocorax carunculatus Gmelin 1789 Rough-faced shag
"Stictocarbo punctatus" = Phalacrocorax punctatus Sparrman 1786 spotted shag
"Phalacrocorax melanoleucos" = Microcarbo melanoleucos Vieillot 1817 little pied cormorant