Faligochol-2 site (FSFA-2), Fais Island (Holocene of Micronesia, Federated States of)

Where: Micronesia, Federated States of (9.8° N, 140.5° E: paleocoordinates 9.8° N, 140.5° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• Six natural strata were recognized. The ground surface was covered with black organic sandy soil containing a number of potsherds, shell tools, and modem materials such as glass bottles, iron nails, and pieces of plastic sheet. These modem artifacts were present through Layer 2. Layer 3 is a black organic soil (0.3 m thick) rich in artifacts and faunal remains. The artifacts from this layer correlate with those from Layer 3 of FSFA-I. A radiocarbon age on charcoal from Layer 3 of FSFA-2 is A.D. 1020-1276. Over 300 potsherds were recovered from Layer I to the upper part of Layer 6. Layer 5 yielded several worked pieces of turtle carapace, a shell adze, a shell bracelet, and a shell pendant. A radiocarbon age on charcoal from Layer 5 is A.D. 70-410. Layer 6 is beach sand with gray banding. Except for a Tridacna shell tool, some potsherds, and some rat bones from the upper portion, Layer 6 was culturally sterile. It was excavated to a depth of 3 m, when the sand became wet and cemented.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; unlithified, calcareous sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by M. Intoh in 1991

Primary reference: D. W. Steadman and M. Intoh. 1994. Biogeography and prehistoric exploitation of birds from Fais Island, Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Science 48:116-135 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 194651: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 24.06.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Sterna sumatrana, "Procelsterna cerulea" = Anous ceruleus, Anous minutus, Anous stolidus, "Sterna fuscata" = Onychoprion fuscatus, "Sterna lunata" = Onychoprion lunatus, Sterninae indet., "Gygis candida" = Gygis alba candida
Sterna sumatrana Raffles 1822 black-naped tern
"Procelsterna cerulea" = Anous ceruleus Bennett 1840 blue-gray noddy
Anous minutus Boie 1844 black noddy
Anous stolidus Linnaeus 1758 brown noddy
"Sterna fuscata" = Onychoprion fuscatus Linnaeus 1766 sooty tern
"Sterna lunata" = Onychoprion lunatus Peale 1848 gray-backed tern
Sterninae indet. Bonaparte 1838 tern
"Gygis candida" = Gygis alba candida Gmelin 1789 Pacific white tern
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 snipe
Numenius phaeopus Linnaeus 1758 whimbrel
Tringa erythropus Pallas 1764 spotted redshank
 Charadriiformes - Charadriidae
Pluvialis dominica Mueller 1776 American golden plover
Charadrius leschenaultii Lesson 1826 greater sand-plover
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Gallus gallus Linnaeus 1758 chicken
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
"Gallicolumba cf. xanthonura" = Alopecoenas xanthonurus
"Gallicolumba cf. xanthonura" = Alopecoenas xanthonurus Temminck 1823 white-throated ground-dove
 Passeriformes - Sturnidae
Aplonis opaca Kittlitz 1833 Micronesian starling
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
"Poliolimnas cinereus" = Amaurornis cinerea
"Poliolimnas cinereus" = Amaurornis cinerea Vieillot 1819 white-browed crake
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Pterodroma sp. Bonaparte 1856 petrel
 Suliformes - Sulidae
Sula sula Linnaeus 1766 red-footed booby
 Suliformes - Fregatidae
Fregata ariel Gray 1845 lesser frigatebird