Cita Canyon ( of the United States)

Also known as Evans and Meade Locality 4; UCMP V-3721; Harold Ranch; Harrell Ranch

Where: Randall County, Texas (34.9° N, 101.6° W: paleocoordinates 35.0° N, 101.0° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Blancan (4.9 - 1.8 Ma)

• "The fossil bearing beds are... approximately thirty feet thick" (Stirton and Christian 1940)

•two fossiliferous levels through about 6 m of section, but mostly from UCMP V-3721

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "channel"; poorly lithified, fine-grained sandstone

• "of fluvial origin" (Stirton and Christian 1940)
• "fine river sand" (Miller and Johnstone 1937) and "semi-consolidated" (Stirton and Christian 1940)

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by C. S. Johnston

• Panhandle Plains Historical Museum collection

Primary reference: C. S. Johnston and D. E. Savage. 1955. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 31(2) [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 20033: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Jonathan Marcot and Patricia Holroyd

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) johnstoni n. sp." = Hesperotestudo turgida3, "Bysmachelys canyonensis" = Gopherus hexagonatus7
"Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) johnstoni n. sp." = Hesperotestudo turgida3 Cope 1892 turtle
"Testudo rugosa" (nomen nudum) of C. S. Johnston's Ph.D. thesis
"Bysmachelys canyonensis" = Gopherus hexagonatus7 Cope 1893 gopher tortoise
"an immature specimen of the large turtles which are found in the Cita Canyon beds" (i.e., canyonensis)
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Meleagris leopoldi n. sp.10 Miller and Bowman 1956 turkey
two tarsometarsi
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys sp. Rafinesque 1817 pocket gopher
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Hypolagus gidleyi15 White 1988 rabbit
presumably includes "H. cf. regalis"
Sylvilagus hibbardi16 White 1984 cottontail rabbit
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 mole
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Nannippus peninsulatus Cope 1885 hipparionine horse
"Equus simplicidens" = Equus (Dolichohippus) simplicidens Cope 1892 horse
may include presumably spurious identifications "Equus cf. occidentalis" and "Astrohippus"
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus sp. Linnaeus 1758 bear
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon rexroadensis2 Hibbard 1941 raccoon
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Trigonictis sp.2 Hibbard 1941 mustelid carnivore
presumably "? Mephitinae indet."
Taxidea cf. taxus4 Schreber 1778 American badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis edwardii11 Gazin 1942 canine
Canis lepophagus n. sp. Johnston 1938 canine
Urocyon galushai11 Tedford et al. 2009 gray fox
Borophagus diversidens4 Cope 1892 bone-crushing dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
Homotherium johnstoni6 Mawby 1965 cat
Lynx rufus14 Schreber 1777 bobcat
Puma lacustris14 Gazin 1933 cougar
Miracinonyx studeri9 Savage 1960 American cheetah
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx leptostomus5 Cope 1893 edentate
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Paramylodon sp. Brown 1903 edentate
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
Glyptotherium cf. texanum Osborn 1903 glyptodon
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Stegomastodon mirificus8 Leidy 1858 gomphothere
DUPLICATE REF 3015 or 3016
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus bicalcaratus Cope 1893 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Megatylopus sp.12 Matthew and Cook 1909 camel
Camelops sp. Leidy 1854 camel
Hemiauchenia macrocephala13 Cope 1893 camel
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus sp. Rafinesque 1832 New World deer
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Tetrameryx sp. Lull 1921 pronghorn
Capromeryx sp.1 Matthew 1902 pronghorn