M27 Motorway (Eocene to of the United Kingdom)

Where: England, United Kingdom (51.1° N, 1.2° W: paleocoordinates 47.5° N, 4.2° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Bracklesham Group, Early/Lower Eocene to Early/Lower Eocene (55.8 - 37.2 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: sandstone

Primary reference: D. A. Bone, J. A. Todd, and S. Tracey. 1991. Fossils from the Bracklesham Group exposed in the M27 Motorway excavations, Southampton, Hampshire. Tertiary Research 12(3-4):131-137 [M. Patzkowsky/K. Layou/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 3257: authorized by Mark Patzkowsky, entered by Karen Layou on 28.07.1999

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Barbatia appendiculata" = Barbatia (Barbatia) appendiculata
"Barbatia appendiculata" = Barbatia (Barbatia) appendiculata Sowerby 1820 clam
rare [entered as Barbatia apendiculata]
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
Glycymeris sp. Da Costa 1778 clam
rare
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Lentipecten corneus Sowerby 1818 scallop
occasional
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea elegans" = Cubitostrea elegans
"Ostrea elegans" = Cubitostrea elegans Deshayes 1832 oyster
common
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
Crassatella plicata clam
abundant
Crassatella planiuscula clam
occasional
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Venericardia carinata" = Claibornicardia carinata, "Venericardia elegans" = Cyclocardia (Arcturellina) elegans
"Venericardia carinata" = Claibornicardia carinata Sowerby 1819 clam
common
"Venericardia elegans" = Cyclocardia (Arcturellina) elegans Lamarck 1806 clam
abundant
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
Caryocorbula striata Lamarck 1801 clam
rare [entered as Caryocorbula striatina]
Corbula rugosella clam
occasional
"Bicorbula gallica" = Corbula (Bicorbula) gallica Lamarck 1801 clam
occasional
aff. Caestocorbula ficus n. sp. clam
"ficus sp. nov." abundant - originally entered as "Caestocorbula aff. ficus sp. nov."
 Cardiida - Arcticidae
Petalocardia pectinifera clam
rare [entered as Petalocardia pectenifera]
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Aphrodina nitidula" = Callocardia (Nitidavenus) nitidula Lamarck 1806 venus clam
common
"Pitar sulcatarius" = Pitar (Calpitaria) sulcatarius Deshayes 1825 venus clam
common
Callista bruxellensis venus clam
abundant; Callista proxima bruxellensis
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Orthocardium porulosum" = Cardium (Orthocardium) porulosum Solander 1766 cockle
occasional; Orthocardium porulosum porulosum
 Solenida - Solenidae
"Solena plagiaulax" = Solena (Eosolen) plagiaulax
"Solena plagiaulax" = Solena (Eosolen) plagiaulax Cossmann 1886 clam
rare
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Divalinga chavani Glibert 1985 clam
rare
Parvilucina sp. Dall 1901 clam
occasional
Gastropoda
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
Scaphander sp. Monfort 1810 snail
occasional
 Cephalaspidea -
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullinidae
"Ampullella navalium" = Ampullina
"Ampullella navalium" = Ampullina snail
occasional
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
cf. Pseudolivella impressa olive snail
occasional - originally entered as "Pseudolivella cf. impressa"
Ancilla canalifera Lamarck 1802 olive snail
rare
"Ancillus buccinoides" = Ancilla (Ancillus) olive snail
rare
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Strepsidura turgida true whelk
occasional
Pseudoliva obtusa true whelk
occasional
Cantharus sp. n. sp. Röding 1798 true whelk
rare - originally entered as "Cantharus sp. nov."
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Sycostoma bulbiforme Lamarck 1803 snail
common
Cornulina minax Solander 1766 snail
rare
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Clavilithes maximus snail
occasional
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
Bonellitia sp. Jousseaume 1887 snail
occasional
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
"Volutospina pugil" = Athleta (Volutospina) volute
occasional
Volutospina spinosa Linnaeus 1758 volute
common
Volutospina nodosa Sowerby 1829 volute
occasional
Volutocorbis digitalina Lamarck 1810 volute
occasional
"Volutilithes municinus" = Volutilithes muricinus Lamarck 1802 volute
rare
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
"Hexaplex fraterculus" = Poirieria (Flexopteron) foliacea fraterculus Deshayes 1865 murex snail
rare
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Turricula dentata turrid
occasional
aff. Turricula dentata turrid
occasional - originally entered as "Turricula aff. dentata"
"Epalxis crenulata" = Gemmula crenulata Lamarck 1804 turrid
rare
ex gr. Gemmula plebeia Sowerby in Dixon 1850 turrid
rare - originally entered as "Gemmula gr. plebeia"
Eopleurotoma inculta turrid
occasional
Eopleurotoma bicatena Lamarck 1804 turrid
rare
 Neogastropoda - Raphitomidae
"Amblyacrum sp." = Raphitoma (Amblyacrum)
"Amblyacrum sp." = Raphitoma (Amblyacrum) Cossmann 1889 snail
rare
 Neogastropoda - Borsoniidae
Genota pyrgota snail
occasional
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus sp. Linnaeus 1758 cone shell
rare
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
Rimella fissurella Linnaeus 1767 true conch
rare
 Vanikoroidea - Omalaxidae
Omalaxis sp. n. sp.
Omalaxis sp. n. sp. Deshayes 1832 snail
abundant - originally entered as "Omalaxis sp. nov."
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Sinum clathratum Gmelin 1790 moon snail
rare
cf. Euspira conoidea moon snail
common - originally entered as "Euspira cf. conoidea"
Euspira labellata moon snail
common
Polinices turgidus moon snail
abundant
Polinices sp. Monfort 1810 moon snail
rare
Crommium willemeti moon snail
occasional
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Sigapatella echinulata Sowerby 1815 slipper shell
common
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
ex gr. Sigmesalia multisulcata Lamarck 1804 turret shell
common - originally entered as "Sigmesalia gr. multisulcata"
Sigmesalia fasciata Lamarck 1804 turret shell
abundant
ex gr. Ispharina sulcifera Deshayes 1832 turret shell
common - originally entered as "Ispharina gr. sulcifera"
Haustator conoidea Sowerby 1814 turret shell
"conoidea var. elongata" abundant - originally entered as "Haustator conoidea var. elongata"
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
"Semibittium sp. n. sp." = Bittium (Semibittium)
"Semibittium sp. n. sp." = Bittium (Semibittium) Cossmann 1896 cerith snail
rare - originally entered as "Semibittium sp. nov."
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
Odostomia sp. Fleming 1817 snail
"(s.l.) sp." rare - originally entered as "Odostomia (s.l.) sp."
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
"Pseudantalis sp." = Dentalium (Pseudantilis)
"Pseudantalis sp." = Dentalium (Pseudantilis) Monterosato 1884 tusk shell
rare - originally entered as "Pseudodantalis sp."
Chondrichthyes
 Squaliformes - Squalidae
Squalus minor Daimeries 1888 dogfish shark
occasional
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina prima Winkler 1874 angel shark
occasional
 Odontaspidida - Jaekelotodontidae
Jaekelotodus trigonalis elasmobranch
common
 Myliobatiformes -
Coupatezia woutersi Cappetta 1982 stingray
occasional
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
"Dasyatis jaekeli" = Trygon jaekeli
"Dasyatis jaekeli" = Trygon jaekeli Leriche 1906 whiptail stingray
common
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
abundant; fragments
Aetobatus sp. Blainville 1816 eagle ray
common; fragments
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatos steurbauti Cappetta and Nolf 1981 guitarfish
occasional
Rhinobatos bruxelliensis Jaekel 1894 guitarfish
common
 Rajiformes - Rhynchobatidae
Rhynchobatus vincenti Jaekel 1894 wedgefish
abundant
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus novus mako shark
occasional
Lamna lerichei Casier 1946 mackerel shark
common
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Striatolamia macrota Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
common
Carcharias hopei sand shark
occasional
Carcharias acutissima Agassiz 1843 sand shark
occasional
 Orectolobiformes - Rhincodontidae
Palaeorhincodon wardi whale shark
rare
 Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
Nebrius thielensi nurse shark
rare
 Orectolobiformes - Hemiscylliidae
Hemiscyllium bruxelliense carpet shark
occasional
 Orectolobiformes -
Eostegostoma angusta carpet shark
rare
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Carcharhinidae indet. Jordan and Evermann 1896 requiem shark
occasional - originally entered as "Carcharinidae sp."
Physogaleus secundus Agassiz 1843 requiem shark
common
Scoliodon sp. Muller and Henle 1837 requiem shark
abundant
Abdounia sp. Cappetta 1980 requiem shark
occasional - originally entered as "Abdounia spp."
Abdounia minutissima requiem shark
common
Abdounia recticona requiem shark
common
Abdounia lapierrei requiem shark
occasional
Galeocerdo latidens Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
occasional
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
"Galeorhinus lefevrei" = Pachygaleus lefevrei, Mustelus vanderhoefti
"Galeorhinus lefevrei" = Pachygaleus lefevrei Daimeries 1891 hound shark
occasional
Mustelus vanderhoefti hound shark
rare
  - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus sp. Blainville 1816 shark
occasional - originally entered as "Scyliorhinus spp."
Pisces
  -
"Pisces indet." = Osteichthyes
"Pisces indet." = Osteichthyes Huxley 1880 bony fish
common; tail spines, dermal denticles
Actinopteri
 Elopiformes - Phyllodontidae
Egertonia sp. Cocchi 1866
common
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena sp. Walbaum 1792 barracuda
common
 Ophidiiformes - Bythitidae
 Perciformes -
Sphyraenodus priscus Agassiz 1844 perch-like fish
common
 Labriformes - Labridae
Labrus sp. Linnaeus 1758
occasional
 Gadiformes -
Trichurides sagittidens
common - originally entered as "Trichiurides sagittidens"
 Gadiformes - Gadidae
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Reptilia
 Testudines - Cheloniidae
Chelone sp. Linnaeus 1758 sea turtle
occasional
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
limb bone
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Turbinoliidae
Turbinolia dixoni Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
common