Jellico EKP 2 (Carboniferous of the United States)

Where: Clay County, Kentucky (37.1° N, 83.7° W: paleocoordinates 10.6° S, 22.5° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Breathitt Formation, Pennsylvanian (323.2 - 298.9 Ma)

• The Breathitt Formation, which contains the coal zone studied, reaches a maximum thickness of about 950 meters, and is composed of clay-shale, siltstone, subgreywacke, and several relatively thin calcium carbonate beds.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: deltaic; graded siltstone and shale

• The Pennsylvanian rocks of eastern Kentucky form a terrigenous clastic wedge that thickens to the southeast. These sediments were derived from the Appalachian highlands to the east and southeast, and were deposited in a deltaic environment in a rapidly subsiding trough. Brackish-water and marine invertebrate fossils in shale and calcium carbonate deposits indicate the occurrence of several marine transgressions during the Pennsylvanian Period (Rice et al. 1979)

Size classes: macrofossils, microfossils

Preservation: original carbon

Collection methods: surface (in situ), chemical, mechanical,

Primary reference: P. A. Spurgeon and J. R. Jennings. 1985. Pennsylvanian plants of eastern Kentucky: A flora from the Breathitt Formation near Grannies Branch and Rocky Branch of Goose Creek, Clay County, Kentucky. Kentucky Geological Survey Rept. Inv. 3, Series 11 [H. Sims/S. Ostrowski]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 33316: authorized by Hallie Sims, entered by Alistair McGowan on 25.07.2003, edited by Jason Cassara

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Pteropsida
 Filicinae -
Pecopteris cf. plumosa, "Alethopteris cf. lonchitica" = Pecopteris (Alethopteris)
"Alethopteris cf. lonchitica" = Pecopteris (Alethopteris)
Polypodiopsida
 Equisetales - Equisetidae
 Radiatopses - Medullosaceae
Equisetopsida
 Sphenophyllales -
Sphenopteridae
  - Sphenopteridae
 Coniferales -
Lepidostrobus ? ornatus Brongniart 1828
Ginkgoopsida
 Callistophytales -
unclassified
  -
Sphenophyta indet.
calamitean cone, Paleostachya sp.?
 Lepidodendrales - Lepidodendraceae