Zamkowa Dolna (Pliocene of Poland)

Also known as Zamkowa Dolna Cave

Where: Poland (50.8° N, 19.3° E: paleocoordinates 50.9° N, 18.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: MN 15 (4.2 - 3.2 Ma)

• Sediments accumulated during the last glaciationfauna is slightly younger than the fauna from Rebielice Krolewskie (1974). Assigned to mammalian zone MN 15 (Ref 9172, 1989).

Environment/lithology: cave; red limestone

• a karst picket filled with reddish sediments

Size class: mesofossils

Primary reference: C. Black and K. Kowalski. 1974. The Pliocene and Pleistocene Sciuridae (Mammalia, Rodentia) from Poland. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 19(19):461-486 [J. Alroy/E. Leckey/E. Leckey]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 33872: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Erin Leckey on 07.08.2003, edited by Jason Head and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo sp.2 Laurenti 1768 toad
Reptilia
 Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphe longissima7 Laurenti 1768 colubrid snake
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciurus cf. warthae squirrel
2P4, 2M1or2, m3
"Citellus polonicus" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
m1or2
Pliopetaurista cf. pliocaenica squirrel
P4, 4M1or2, 2M3
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex casimiri6 long-tailed shrew
Zamkowa Dolna Cave B; 29 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Sorex praealpinus6 Heller 1930 long-tailed shrew
Zamkowa Dolna Cave C; 1 fragmentary maxilla or detached upper tooth
Sorex minutus6 Linnaeus 1766 Eurasian pygmy shrew
Zamkowa Dolna Cave C; 4 fragmentary maxillae and detached upper teeth; 74 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Sorex (Drepanosorex) savini6 Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Zamkowa Dolna Cave C; 1 fragmentary mandible or detached lower tooth
Sorex (Drepanosorex) praearaneus6 Kormos 1934 long-tailed shrew
37 fragmentary maxillae and detached upper teeth; 98 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Petenyia hungarica5 Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
58 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth; 29 fragmentary maxillae and detached upper teeth
"Amblycoptus cf. topali" = Kordosia topali3 Jánossy 1972 red-toothed shrew
left mandibular fragment with m1 and m2
Blarinoides mariae4 Sulimski 1959 red-toothed shrew
fragmentary mandibles and maxillae with teeth
"Petenyia robusta" = Cokia robusta5 Rzebik-Kowalska 1989 shrew
2 fragmentary mandible and detached lower teeth; 1 fragmentary maxilla and detached upper teeth
Beremendia fissidens4 Petényi 1864 shrew
fragmentary mandibles and maxillae with teeth