Esekartkan (Pliocene of Kazakhstan)

Where: Kazakhstan (44.0° N, 79.0° E: paleocoordinates 44.2° N, 78.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Late Pliocene, Early Villafranchian, MN16. At the base of the Ilian suite.

Environment/lithology: fluviallenticular

• 'The bone material was found in facially variable coarse fluvial deposits at the base of the Ilian suite. This suite was previously named as 'yellow brown suite' that expresses its general look rather correctly. It is composed of clays with beds and lenses of sandstones and gravels, coarsening at the base.'

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: M.V. Sotnikova, A.E. Dodonov, and A.V. Pen'kov. 1997. Upper Cenozoic bio-magnetic stratigraphy of Central Asian mammalian localities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 133:243-258 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34437: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 01.09.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion houfenense hipparionine horse
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Dicerorhinus sp. Gloger 1841 rhinoceros
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Paracamelus sp. Schlosser 1903 camel
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Palaeotragus sp. Gaudry 1861 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Gazella sinensis Teilhard de Chardin and Piveteau 1930 gazelle
Antilospira sp. Teilhard de Jardin and Young 1931 antelope
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx ex gr. issiodorensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 lynx
Lynx sp. (probably L. ex. gr. issiodorensis)
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae