Visiano (Miocene of Italy)

Where: Italy (44.7° N, 10.0° E: paleocoordinates 44.3° N, 9.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Salsomaggiore Formation, Serravallian (13.8 - 11.6 Ma)

Environment/lithology: marine; sandstone and siltstone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: F. Cigala-Fulgosi and G. Pilleri. 1985. The lower Serravallian cetacean fauna of Visiano (Northern Apennines, Parma, Italy). Investigations on Cetacea 17:55-93 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 48656: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 25.03.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Loricata -
Crocodylia indet.4 crocodilian
 Sirenia - Dugongidae
Dugongidae indet.4 Gray 1821 dugong
 Carnivora - Phocidae
? Monotherium sp. Van Beneden 1876 seal
 Odontoceti - Squalodontidae
Squalodontidae indet.1 Brandt 1873 toothed whale
Squalodon imperator n. sp. Cigala-Fulgosi and Pilleri 1985 toothed whale
Squalodon bellunensis Dal Piaz 1901 toothed whale
 Odontoceti - Kogiidae
Kogiinae indet.4 Gill 1871 pygmy sperm whale
 Odontoceti - Physeteridae
Physeteridae indet.1 Gray 1821 sperm whale
 Odontoceti -
Scaldicetus grandis Du Bus 1872 toothed whale
Scaldicetus inflatus n. sp. Cigala-Fulgosi and Pilleri 1985 toothed whale
Scaldicetus crispus n. sp. Cigala-Fulgosi and Pilleri 1985 toothed whale
 Delphinoidea - Delphinidae
"cf. Delphinus uncidens" = Globicephala uncidens, Tursiops cf. miocaenus
"cf. Delphinus uncidens" = Globicephala uncidens Lankester 1864 pilot whale
Tursiops cf. miocaenus Portis 1886 dolphin
 Odontoceti - Iniidae
Iniidae indet.3 Gray 1846 toothed whale
 Odontoceti - Kentriodontidae
Kentriodontidae indet.1 Slijper 1936 toothed whale
two genera
 Odontoceti -
Miokogia elongatus n. gen.2 Pilleri 1986 toothed whale
 Odontoceti - Eurhinodelphinidae
Eurhinodelphinidae indet. Abel 1901 toothed whale
Schizodelphis sulcatus3 Gervais 1853 toothed whale
 Odontoceti - Ziphiidae
Ziphiidae indet.1 Gray 1850 beaked whale
two genera
 Odontoceti -
Neosqualodon gastaldii Brandt 1873 toothed whale
subspecies gastaldii