Jericho (Miocene of the United States)

Where: Cumberland County, New Jersey (39.5° N, 75.4° W: paleocoordinates 39.7° N, 70.9° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Shiloh Marl Member (Kirkwood Formation), Early/Lower Miocene (23.0 - 16.0 Ma)

• No lithostratigraphic details or stratigraphic relationships provided in text. Equivalent in age and slightly older than the Calvert Formaiton of Maryland and Virginia. Overlain by the Cohansey Sand with a time transgressive contact, Kirkwood Formation is Burdigalian-Langhian in age.

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified, argillaceous, silty mudstone and pebbly sandstone

• No geologic or paleoenvironmental data reported in text. Deposited in a sublittoral to nearshore environments
• No lithologic data reported in text. Clayey to silty mudrock, massive sand, and thin pebble lenses.

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the USNM

• Collections reposited in USNM and USGS collections. Marl pits dug near the town of Jericho. None are productive at the present time (1942), although a few fossils were found at the former "Elwell Pits", on Bishop Run, south of Jericho.

Primary reference: H. G. Richards and A. Harbison. 1942. Miocene invertebrate fauna of New Jersey. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 94:167-250 [A. Miller/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 59336: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 26.03.2006, edited by Pete Wagner

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Exhaustive for Gastropoda, Bivalvia and Scaphopoda. Nomenclature is somewhat antiquated but provided to species resolution and authoritative.
Bivalvia
 Nuculanida - Yoldiidae
Yoldia laevis Say 1824 clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
"Nucula proxima" = Nucula (Nucula) proxima
"Nucula proxima" = Nucula (Nucula) proxima Say 1820 Atlantic Nut Clam
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Arca centenaria" = Striarca centenaria
"Arca centenaria" = Striarca centenaria Say 1824 clam
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
Glycymeris parilis Conrad 1843 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Chlamys (Lyropecten) madisonia" = Chesapecten madisonius1, "Pecten madisonius" = Chesapecten madisonius, Pecten humphreysii
"Chlamys (Lyropecten) madisonia" = Chesapecten madisonius1 Say 1824 scallop
"Pecten madisonius" = Chesapecten madisonius Say 1824 scallop
Pecten humphreysii Conrad 1842 scallop
Subspecies: P. humphreysii woolmani
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
Plicatula densata Conrad 1843 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea virginica" = Crassostrea virginica
"Ostrea virginica" = Crassostrea virginica Gmelin 1791 oyster
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
"Ostrea percrassa" = Pycnodonte percrassa
"Ostrea percrassa" = Pycnodonte percrassa Conrad 1840 oyster
 Ostreida - Malleidae
"Melina maxillata" = Isognomon maxillata
"Melina maxillata" = Isognomon maxillata Lamarck 1819 oyster
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
"Saxicava arctica" = Hiatella arctica, Panopea whifieldi
"Saxicava arctica" = Hiatella arctica Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama congregata Conrad 1833 jewel box
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Venus ducatellii venus clam
"Venus plena" = Mercenaria plena Conrad 1869 quahog
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Phacoides crenulatus" = Parvilucina crenulata
"Phacoides crenulatus" = Parvilucina crenulata Conrad 1840 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Cardita arata" = Carditamera arata
"Cardita arata" = Carditamera arata Conrad 1832 clam
 Carditida - Astartidae
Astarte distans Conrad 1862 clam
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
"Eucrassatella melina" = Marvacrassatella melina
"Eucrassatella melina" = Marvacrassatella melina Conrad 1832 clam
Gastropoda
 Neotaenioglossa - Calyptraeidae
"Calyptraea aperta" = Calyptraea (Trochita) aperta, "Crucibulum costatum" = Crucibulum (Dispotaea) costata
"Calyptraea aperta" = Calyptraea (Trochita) aperta Solander 1766 slipper shell
"Crucibulum costatum" = Crucibulum (Dispotaea) costata Say 1820 slipper shell
 Epitonioidea - Epitoniidae
 Cerithioidea - Planaxidae
"Fossarus dalli" = Fossarus barkeri
"Fossarus dalli" = Fossarus barkeri Hanna 1924 snail
 Cerithioidea - Turritellidae
Turritella aequistriata Conrad 1863 turret shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Eratoidae
Hespererato emmonsi3 Whitfield 1894 snail
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
Mitrella laevis, "Mitrella communis" = Astyris communis
"Mitrella communis" = Astyris communis Conrad 1862 snail
Subspecies: M. communis mediocris
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
"Coralliophila cumberlandiana" = Murexiella cumberlandiana, "Rapana ecclesiastica" = Tritonopsis ecclesiastica, Muricidea burnsi
"Coralliophila cumberlandiana" = Murexiella cumberlandiana Gabb 1860 murex snail
"Rapana ecclesiastica" = Tritonopsis ecclesiastica Dall 1915 murex snail
Muricidea burnsi murex snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Vermetidae
"Vermetus graniferus" = Serpulorbis granifera, Lemintina granifera2
"Vermetus graniferus" = Serpulorbis granifera Say 1824 worm shell
Lemintina granifera2 worm shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Naticidae
"Polinices heros" = Euspira heros, "Polinices duplicata" = Neverita duplicatus, Polinices tuomeyi, "Polinices hemicrypta" = Lunatia hemicrypta
"Polinices heros" = Euspira heros Say 1822 moon snail
"Polinices duplicata" = Neverita duplicatus Say 1822 moon snail
Polinices tuomeyi moon snail
"Polinices hemicrypta" = Lunatia hemicrypta Gabb 1860 moon snail