Lujan (Pleistocene of Argentina)

Where: Buenos Aires, Argentina (34.1° S, 57.1° W: paleocoordinates 34.1° S, 57.1° W)

When: Guerrero Member (Lujan Formation), Lujanian (0.8 - 0.0 Ma)

• other age:Late Pleistocene

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (float), sieve

Primary reference: E. P. Tonni, J. L. Prado, A.N. Menegaz and M.C. Salemme. 1985. La Unidad Mamifero (Fauna) Lujanense. Proyeccion de la Estratigrafia Mamaliana al Cuaternario de la Region Pampeana. Ameghiniana 22(3-4):255-261 [J. Alroy/K. Sears/J. Alroy]more details

PaleoDB collection 71303: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Karen Sears on 12.02.1999, edited by Mark Uhen, John Alroy and Juan Carrillo

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Cathartiformes - Cathartidae
Cathartes fossilis n. sp.2 Moreno and Mercerat 1891 vulture
Sarcorhamphus fossilis n. sp.2 Moreno and Mercerat 1891 king vulture
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Lagopterus minutus n. gen. n. sp.2
Lagopterus minutus n. gen. n. sp.2 Moreno and Mercerat 1891 raptor
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
"Phalacrocorax pampeanus" = Phalacrocorax brasilianus2
"Phalacrocorax pampeanus" = Phalacrocorax brasilianus2 Gmelin 1789 neotropic cormorant
Mammalia
 Notoungulata - Toxodontidae
Toxodon bilobidens, "Toxodon platensis" = Toxodon platensis, "Toxodon paradoxus" = Toxodon platensis, "Toxodon burmeisteri" = Toxodon platensis
Toxodon bilobidens Ameghino 1887 notoungulate
"Toxodon platensis" = Toxodon platensis Owen 1837 notoungulate
"Toxodon paradoxus" = Toxodon platensis Owen 1837 notoungulate
"Toxodon burmeisteri" = Toxodon platensis Owen 1837 notoungulate
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Reithrodon auritus Fischer 1814 bunny rat
Holochilus brasiliensis Desmarest 1819 Brazilian marsh rat
Calomys callosus Rengger 1830 big laucha
 Rodentia - Chinchillidae
Lagostomus maximus Desmarest 1817 plains viscacha
 Rodentia - Caviidae
Dolichotis patagonum Zimmermann 1780 Patagonian mara
Microcavia robusta caviomorph
Microcavia australis Geoffroy and Dorbigny 1833 caviomorph
 Rodentia - Echimyidae
 Rodentia - Ctenomyidae
Ctenomys magellanicus Bennett 1836 Magellanic tuco-tuco
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus neogeus" = Equus caballus
"Equus neogeus" = Equus caballus Linnaeus 1758 horse
curvidens
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Arctotherium sp.1 Bravard 1857 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Lutra platensis" = Lontra longicaudis longicaudis Olfers 1818 neotropical otter
Lyncodon patagonicus Patagonian weasel
 Carnivora - Canidae
"Pseudalopex griseus" = Canis (Pseudalopex) canine
Pseudalopex gymnocercus Fischer 1814 canine
Canis gymnocercus
Dusicyon avus Burmeister 1866 Falkland Island wolf
 Carnivora - Felidae
Smilodon populator Lund 1842 saber-toothed cat
Panthera platensis cat
Felis
Panthera onca Linnaeus 1758 jaguar
Felis
 Cingulata - Dasypodidae
"Tolypeutes matacus" = Tolypeutes tricinctus matacus Azara 1801 three banded armadillo
Chaetophractus villosus Desmarest 1804 big hairy armadillo
 Cingulata - Panochthidae
Panochthus tuberculatus Owen 1845 edentate
 Cingulata - Pampatheriidae
Pampatherium typum Ameghino 1875 edentate
 Xenarthra - Megatheriidae
Megatherium americanum Cuvier 1796 edentate
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Lestodon gaudryi edentate
originally entered as "Lestodon guadryi"
Glossotherium robustum Owen 1842 edentate
Scelidotherium leptocephalum Owen 1839 edentate
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
Plaxhaplus canaliculatus Ameghino 1884 glyptodon
Doedicurus clavicaudatus Owen 1847 glyptodon
Glyptodon sp.3 Owen 1839 glyptodon
Glyptodon reticulatus Owen 1845 glyptodon
Glyptodon clavipes Owen 1839 glyptodon
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
"Stegomastodon superbus" = Notiomastodon platensis
"Stegomastodon superbus" = Notiomastodon platensis Ameghino 1888 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Macraucheniidae
"Macrauchenia patachonica" = Macrauchenia patagonica
"Macrauchenia patachonica" = Macrauchenia patagonica Owen 1838 eutherian
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
"Pecari tajacu" = Tayassu tajacu
"Pecari tajacu" = Tayassu tajacu Linnaeus 1758 collared peccary
"Dicotyles tajacu"
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Lama guanicoe Müller 1776 guanaco
Hemiauchenia paradoxa Gervais and Ameghino 1880 camel
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Morenelaphus azpeitianus New World deer