Archer City Bonebed 1 (Putnam Fm.) (Permian of the United States)

Also known as Locality IIIf (Romer & Price, 1940)

Where: Archer County, Texas (33.6° N, 98.7° W: paleocoordinates 0.8° N, 28.9° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Archer City Formation (Wichita Group), Wolfcampian (298.9 - 286.0 Ma)

• The former Putnam Formation corresponds to the upper part of the Archer City Formation (see Fig. 2 in Sander, 1989)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the MCZ

Primary reference: A. S. Romer. 1937. New genera and species of pelycosaurian reptiles. Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club 16:89-95 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 79162: authorized by Johannes Mueller, entered by Jana Dummasch on 27.02.2008, edited by Torsten Liebrecht, Emma Dunne and Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Amphibia
 Temnospondyli - Eryopidae
Eryops megacephalus9 Cope 1877 tetrapod
"fragments"
 Temnospondyli - Micropholidae
Pasawioops cf. mayi6 Fröbisch and Reisz 2008 tetrapod
MCZ 1415, skull; from "Gully #80"
Tersomius texensis6 Case 1910 tetrapod
MCZ 1912, skull
 Temnospondyli -
Nanobamus macrorhinus n. gen. n. sp.10
Nanobamus macrorhinus n. gen. n. sp.10 Schoch and Milner 2014 tetrapod
UCLA-VP 3686 (Holotype: skull 2cm in length)
 Temnospondyli - Dissorophidae
Parioxys bolli n. sp.10 Carroll 1964 tetrapod
AMNH 7118 (Holotype: partial postcranial skeleton)
Broiliellus brevis n. sp.1 Carroll 1964 tetrapod
MCZ 1424 (Holotype: skull (length 5.6cm) and partial postcranial skeleton) and MCZ 3272
 Temnospondyli - Trematopidae
Acheloma cumminsi9, "Acheloma pricei n. sp." = Phonerpeton pricei9
Acheloma cumminsi9 Cope 1882 tetrapod
see Olson, 1941
"Acheloma pricei n. sp." = Phonerpeton pricei9 Olson 1941 tetrapod
see Olson (1941). MCZ 1419 (Holotype: skull). Discovered in Archer City bonebed 1 (Sander, 1989; Dilkes, 1990)
 Temnospondyli -
Neldasaurus wrightae4 Chase 1965 tetrapod
MCZ 1436 (poorly preserved remains of skull and postcranial elements of at least two individuals)
 Temnospondyli - Zatracheidae
Zatrachys serratus9 Cope 1878 tetrapod
"fragments"
 Nectridea - Urocordylidae
Sauropleura bairdi n. sp.3 Carroll et al. 1998 tetrapod
MCZ 3443 (Holotype: snout region, including anterior rim of orbits, of a large individual preserved in the round.)
Osteichthyes
 Synapsida - Varanopidae
Apsisaurus witteri n. gen. n. sp.5
Apsisaurus witteri n. gen. n. sp.5 Laurin 1991 synapsid
MCZ 1474 (type); specimen referred to as "undescribed romeriid" by Clark & Carroll (1973) without specification of locality
 Synapsida - Sphenacodontidae
Dimetrodon milleri n. sp. Romer 1937 synapsid
MCZ 1365 (type)
 Synapsida - Ophiacodontidae
"Theropleura uniformis n. gen. n. sp." = Ophiacodon uniformis8, "Ophiacodon uniformis" = Ophiacodon uniformis8, Ophiacodon retroversus8
"Theropleura uniformis n. gen. n. sp." = Ophiacodon uniformis8 Cope 1878 ophiacodont
AMNH 4143 (1148) (neotype); "from an undefined Wichita locality"; MCZ 1366
"Ophiacodon uniformis" = Ophiacodon uniformis8 Cope 1878 ophiacodont
MCZ 1413; "possibly representing a smaller species"
Ophiacodon retroversus8 Cope 1878 ophiacodont
MCZ 1426
Reptilia
 Bolosauria - Bolosauridae
Bolosaurus striatus9 Cope 1878 parareptile
 Eureptilia - Captorhinidae
Romeria texana n. gen. n. sp.7
Romeria texana n. gen. n. sp.7 Price 1937 eureptile
MCZ 1480 (type)
Osteichthyes
 Recumbirostra - Pantylidae
Pantylus cordatus2 Cope 1881 amniote
MCZ 3302 (anterior portion of skeleton articulated with skull)
 Cotylosauria -
Archeria crassidisca9 Cope 1884 tetrapod
vertebrae; see Romer 1951
Dissorophus augustus
  -
"Dissorophus augustus n. sp." = Diploseira angusta1
"Dissorophus augustus n. sp." = Diploseira angusta1 Dilkes 2020
MCZ 1695 (Holotype: partial skeleton)