TU 556 - Shallotte [Waccamaw Fm] (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Brunswick County, North Carolina (34.0° N, 78.4° W: paleocoordinates 34.0° N, 78.0° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Waccamaw Formation, Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From Waccamaw Fm. AGE: Late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene, but here assigned to the Early Pleistocene following DuBar (1971). STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: Unknown position within formation.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified, shelly/skeletal, sandy siltstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Shallow-marine, fine-grained siliciclastic environment.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Sandy siltstone, shelly. LITHIFICATION: Unlithified, based on observation of specimens.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original aragonite, original calcite

Collected by Vokes & Vokes; reposited in the FLMNH, USNM

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• COLLECTOR: H. Vokes and E. Vokes. REPOSITORY: FLMNH, Gainesville, Florida; USNM.

Primary reference: E. H. Vokes and H. E. Vokes. 2000. Catalogue of Tulane University fossil localities. Unpublished notes [A. Hendy/A. Hendy/P. Wagner]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 80034: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 01.04.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for gastropod and bivalvia. TAXONOMY: Identified by A. Hendy; nomenclature based on revision of Gardner (1943) [PBDB Ref# 16984].
Gastropoda
 Neotaenioglossa - Calyptraeidae
Crepidula plana Say 1822 slipper shell
Crepidula fornicata Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
Bostrycapulus aculeatus Gmelin 1791 slipper shell
Crucibulum (Crucibulum) sp. Schumacher 1817 slipper shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Naticidae
Neverita duplicatus Say 1822 moon snail
 Neogastropoda - Terebridae
Strioterebrum sp. Sacco 1891 auger snail
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Ilyanassa sexdentata Conrad 1843 snail
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Busycon contrarium Conrad 1840 whelk
Busycon carica Gmelin 1792 whelk
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Noetiidae
Noetia sp. Gray 1857 clam
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
Glycymeris americana Defrance 1826 clam
 Arcida - Arcidae
Anadara (Anadara) sp. Gray 1847 ark
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
"Plicatula marginata" = Plicatula gibbosa
"Plicatula marginata" = Plicatula gibbosa Lamarck 1801 scallop
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Carolinapecten eboreus Conrad 1833 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Crassostrea virginica Gmelin 1791 oyster
Ostrea sp. Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Stewartia anodonta Say 1824 clam
Divalinga quadrisulcata d'Orbigny 1846 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
Caryocorbula conradi Gardner 1944 clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
Mulinia lateralis Say 1822 clam
Hemimactra solidissima Dilwyn 1817 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Chione (Chione) cortinaria Rogers and Rogers 1847 venus clam
"Chione (Chione) cancellata" = Chione cancellata Linnaeus 1767 venus clam
Mercenaria campechiensis Gmelin 1791 quahog
"Lirophora latilirata" = Lirophora (Lirophora) latilirata Conrad 1841 venus clam
Pitar castoriana venus clam
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Arcinella cornuta Conrad 1866 jewel box
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
"Phlyctiderma soror" = Diplodonta soror
"Phlyctiderma soror" = Diplodonta soror Adams 1852 clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Dinocardium robustum Lightfoot 1786 cockle
 Solenida - Pharidae
Ensis directus Conrad 1844 clam
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
Marvacrassatella sp. Ward and Blackwelder 1987 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
Cyclocardia granulata Say 1824 clam
Pteromeris perplana Dall 1903 clam
Carditamera arata Conrad 1832 clam