Ruby Gully (Pleistocene of New Zealand)

Also known as J41/f130

Where: South Island, New Zealand (45.1° S, 171.0° E: paleocoordinates 45.1° S, 171.0° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Hillgrove Formation, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; sandstone

Primary reference: T. H. Worthy and J. A. Grant-Mackie. 2003. Late-Pleistocene avifaunas from Cape Wanbrow, Otago, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 33(1):427-485 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 87810: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 25.03.2009

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Coenocorypha iredalei Rothschild 1921 South Island snipe
 Charadriiformes - Haematopodidae
Haematopus unicolor Forster 1841 variable oystercatcher
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Coturnix novaezelandiae Quoy and Gaimard 1830 New Zealand quail
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Cnemiornis calcitrans Owen 1865 South Island goose
Anas chlorotis Gray 1845 brown teal
 Psittaciformes - Strigopidae
Nestor meridionalis Gmelin 1788 New Zealand kaka
 Psittaciformes - Psittaculidae
Cyanoramphus sp. Bonaparte 1854 parrot
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus moriorum Forbes 1892 Chatham Islands raven
 Passeriformes - Callaeidae
"Callaeas cinerea" = Callaeas cinereus Gmelin 1789 South Island kokako
Philesturnus carunculatus Gmelin 1789 South Island saddleback
 Passeriformes - Meliphagidae
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Gallirallus australis Sparrman 1786 weka
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Pelecanoides sp., "Puffinus griseus" = Ardenna grisea
Pelecanoides sp. Lacépède 1799 diving-petrel
"Puffinus griseus" = Ardenna grisea Gmelin 1789 sooty shearwater
 Apterygiformes - Apterygidae
Apteryx australis Shaw 1813 Southern brown kiwi
/haastii
 Ratitae -
 Dinornithiformes - Emeidae
Emeus crassus Owen 1846 eastern moa
Pachyornis elephantopus Owen 1856 heavy-footed moa
? Pachyornis elephantopus Owen 1856 heavy-footed moa
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus Gray 1845 Fiordland penguin
Eudyptula minor Forster 1781 little penguin
Megadyptes antipodes Hombron and Jacquinot 1841 yellow-eyed penguin
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocoracidae indet. Reichenbach 1850 cormorant
Phalacrocorax cf. varius Gmelin 1789 pied cormorant
"Leucocarbo carunculatus" = Phalacrocorax carunculatus Gmelin 1789 Rough-faced shag
"Stictocarbo punctatus" = Phalacrocorax punctatus Sparrman 1786 spotted shag
? Leucocarbo sp. Bonaparte 1857 cormorant
Mammalia
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Phocidae indet. Gray 1821 seal