Cliffs east of Ruby Gully (Pleistocene of New Zealand)

Also known as J41/f131, J41/f8230

Where: South Island, New Zealand (45.1° S, 171.0° E: paleocoordinates 45.1° S, 171.0° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Hillgrove Formation, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; sandstone

Primary reference: T. H. Worthy and J. A. Grant-Mackie. 2003. Late-Pleistocene avifaunas from Cape Wanbrow, Otago, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 33(1):427-485 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 87814: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 25.03.2009

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein 1823 kelp gull
"Larus novaehollandiae" = Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae Stephens 1826 silver gull
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Coenocorypha iredalei Rothschild 1921 South Island snipe
 Charadriiformes - Haematopodidae
Haematopus unicolor Forster 1841 variable oystercatcher
Haematopus finschi Martens 1897 South Island oystercatcher
 Charadriiformes - Charadriidae
Charadrius bicinctus Jardine and Selby 1827 double-banded plover
Charadrius obscurus Gmelin 1789 red-breasted dotterel
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Falco novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1788 New Zealand falcon
 Falconiformes -
Harpagornis moorei Haast 1872 Haast's eagle
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies Gray 1844 laughing owl
 Psittaciformes - Strigopidae
Nestor meridionalis Gmelin 1788 New Zealand kaka
Nestor notabilis Gould 1856 kea
 Psittaciformes - Psittaculidae
Cyanoramphus indet. Bonaparte 1854 parrot
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 New Zealand pigeon
 Passeriformes - Alaudidae
Alauda arvensis Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian skylark
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus moriorum Forbes 1892 Chatham Islands raven
 Passeriformes - Callaeidae
"Callaeas cinerea" = Callaeas cinereus
"Callaeas cinerea" = Callaeas cinereus Gmelin 1789 South Island kokako
 Passeriformes - Meliphagidae
Anthornis melanura Sparrman 1786 New Zealand bellbird
 Passeriformes - Oriolidae
Turnagra capensis Sparrman 1787 South Island piopio
 Passeriformes - Petroicidae
Petroica australis Sparrman 1788 New Zealand robin
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Gallinula hodgenorum Scarlett 1955 Hodgen's rail
Gallirallus australis Sparrman 1786 weka
Fulica prisca Hamilton 1893 New Zealand coot
 Procellariiformes - Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae indet. Mathews 1912 storm petrel
 Procellariiformes - Diomedeidae
Thalassarche aff. bulleri Rothschild 1893 Buller's albatross
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Pachyptila sp. Illiger 1811 prion
Pachyptila turtur Kuhl 1820 fairy prion
Pelecanoides sp. Lacépède 1799 diving-petrel
Pelecanoides urinatrix Gmelin 1789 common diving-petrel
Puffinus gavia Forster 1844 fluttering shearwater
"Puffinus griseus" = Ardenna grisea Gmelin 1789 sooty shearwater
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Coturnix novaezelandiae Quoy and Gaimard 1830 New Zealand quail
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anatidae indet. Vigors 1825 waterfowl
Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos Gmelin 1789 blue duck
Tadorna variegata Gmelin 1789 Paradise shelduck
Cnemiornis calcitrans Owen 1865 South Island goose
Mergus australis Hombron and Jacquinot 1841 Auckland Islands merganser
Chenonetta finschi Van Beneden 1875 Finsch's duck
Anas chlorotis Gray 1845 brown teal
 Apterygiformes - Apterygidae
Apteryx australis Shaw 1813 Southern brown kiwi
 Ratitae -
 Dinornithiformes - Emeidae
Euryapteryx geranoides Owen 1848 Mantell's moa
Emeus crassus Owen 1846 eastern moa
Pachyornis elephantopus Owen 1856 heavy-footed moa
 Dinornithiformes - Dinornithidae
Dinornis giganteus Owen 1844 bird
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Eudyptes sp. Vieillot 1816 penguin
or Megadyptes sp.
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus Gray 1845 Fiordland penguin
Eudyptula minor Forster 1781 little penguin
Megadyptes antipodes Hombron and Jacquinot 1841 yellow-eyed penguin
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocoracidae indet., "Leucocarbo carunculatus" = Phalacrocorax carunculatus, "Stictocarbo punctatus" = Phalacrocorax punctatus
Phalacrocoracidae indet. Reichenbach 1850 cormorant
"Leucocarbo carunculatus" = Phalacrocorax carunculatus Gmelin 1789 Rough-faced shag
"Stictocarbo punctatus" = Phalacrocorax punctatus Sparrman 1786 spotted shag
 Squamata - Scincidae
Scincidae indet. Gray 1825 skink
 Rhynchocephalia - Sphenodontidae
Sphenodon sp. Gray 1831 rhynchocephalian
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Phocidae indet. Gray 1821 seal