Belk Island (Ordovician of the United States)

Also known as collection KY-4; Shideler localities 3.51 B and 3.51 B2; Lake Cumberland; Rowena

Where: Russell County, Kentucky (36.9° N, 85.1° W: paleocoordinates 27.6° S, 62.2° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Leipers Limestone Formation, Maysvillian (452.0 - 449.5 Ma)

• "Tetradium biostrome exposed along river bank."

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: shallow subtidal; shelly/skeletal, gray wackestone

• " [...] The inferred environment of deposition was a shallow-marine, mixed carbonate and clastic bottom that becomes lower energy with time, the lithofacies becoming more fine-grained upsection. [...] normal marine environment"
• "coralline biostromes [...comprising a...] diverse fauna of brachiopods, bryozoans, the coral Tetradium, gastropods, nautiloids, pelecypods, ostracodes, and trilobites.";

•"dense, dark-gray fossiliferous wackestone"

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: recrystallized, replaced with calcite

Collection methods: MU = Limper Museum of Geology at Miami University

•UC = University of Cincinnati

Primary reference: R. C. Frey. 1995. Middle and Upper Ordovician nautiloid cephalopods of the Cincinnati Arch region of Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1066P:1-126 [S. Holland/S. Holland]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 87915: authorized by Björn Kröger, entered by Torsten Liebrecht on 28.03.2009

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• see comments on lithology
 Endocerida - Endoceratidae
Cameroceras rowenaense n. sp. Frey 1995
MU 266T (holotype), 267T A to 267T D (all are paratypes), "plus several other less complete, fragmentary specimens"
 Oncocerida - Valcouroceratidae
Augustoceras shideleri n. sp. Flower 1946
UC 24290 (holotype), 24292 (paratype); MU 435T (paratype), 428T (topotype)