New Trout Cave (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Pendleton County, West Virginia (38.6° N, 79.4° W: paleocoordinates 38.6° N, 79.4° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• "The upper 90 cm... contain a fairly typical late Pleistocene fauna" but there is at least some material at multiple points "from 120-21 cm"; there is a date of "29,400 +/- 1,700 B.P." apparently around the 60 cm level and "it seems likely that the lower levels... are early to middle Rancholabrean in age"

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; lithology not reported

• "bone-rich matrix"

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by F. Grady in 1979-1982; reposited in the USNM

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, sieve,

• "The deposit... was collected in 30 cm intervals to a depth of 220 cm and wet-screened through 5 mm and 1.5 mm mesh"

Primary reference: F. Grady. 1984. A Pleistocene occurrence of Geomys (Rodentia: Geomyidae) in West Virginia. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication 8:161-163 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 93332: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 14.01.2010, edited by Margaret Shalap and Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• "fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and at least 60 species of mammals" are present but only key ones are mentioned
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
"Neotoma magister" = Neotoma floridana4 Ord 1818 eastern woodrat
Peromyscus sp.4 Gloger 1841 deer mouse
"Synaptomys borealis" = Synaptomys (Mictomys) borealis1 Richardson 1828 northern bog lemming
Neofiber cf. alleni4 True 1884 round-tailed muskrat
Microtus cf. ochrogaster4 Wagner 1842 prairie vole
Microtus pennsylvanicus4 Ord 1815 meadow vole
Microtus xanthognathus Leach 1815 taiga vole
Microtus pinetorum4 Le Conte 1830 woodland vole
Microtus chrotorrhinus4 Miller 1894 rock vole
"Clethrionomys gaperi" = Myodes4 vole
Phenacomys intermedius4 Merriam 1889 western heather vole
Dicrostonyx hudsonius Pallas 1778 Ungava collared lemming
Synaptomys cooperi4 Baird 1858 southern bog lemming
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Zapus hudsonius4 Zimmermann 1780 meadow jumping mouse
Napaeozapus insignis4 Miller 1891 woodland jumping mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Marmota monax4 Linnaeus 1758 groundhog
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Mitchell 1821 thirteen-lined ground squirrel
Eutamias cf. minimus1 Bachman 1839 least chipmunk
Tamias striatus4 Linnaeus 1758 eastern chipmunk
Glaucomys cf. volans4 Linnaeus 1758 southern flying squirrel
Glaucomys sabrinus4 Shaw 1801 northern flying squirrel
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus4 Erxleben 1777 American red squirrel
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor canadensis4 Kuhl 1820 American beaver
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys sp. Rafinesque 1817 pocket gopher
Geomys cf. bursarius4 Shaw 1800 plains pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Erethizontidae
Erethizon dorsatum4 Linnaeus 1758 North American porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus americanus4 Erxleben 1777 snowshoe hare
cf. Sylvilagus sp.4 Gray 1867 cottontail rabbit
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotona sp. Link 1795 pika
 Chiroptera - Phyllostomidae
Desmodus sp.2 Wied-Neuwied 1826 vampire bat
Desmodus cf. stocki4 Jones 1958 vampire bat
Desmodus stocki3 Jones 1958 vampire bat
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Plecotus sp.2 Geoffroy 1818 vesper bat
Eptesicus fuscus2 Beauvois 1796 big brown bat
Lasiurus borealis2 Muller 1776 hairy-tailed bat
Myotis sp.2 Kaup 1829 vesper bat
Myotis ? grisescens2 Howell 1909 gray bat
Myotis leibii4 Audubon and Bachman 1842 vesper bat
Pipistrellus subflavus2 Cuvier 1832 eastern pipistrelle bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus americanus4 Pallas 1780 black bear
 Carnivora - Mephitidae
Brachyprotoma obtusata4 Cope 1899 short-faced skunk
[entered as Brachyprotoma obtusate]
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon lotor4 Linnaeus 1758 raccoon
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Martes americana4 Kerr 1792 American marten
"Martes pennanti" = Pekania pennanti4 Erxleben 1777 fisher
Mustela nivalis4 Linnaeus 1766 least weasel
"Mustela vison" = Neogale vison4 Schreber 1777 mink
Taxidea taxus Schreber 1778 American badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
"Canis dirus" = Aenocyon dirus1 Leidy 1858 dire wolf
Canis cf. latrans1 Say 1823 coyote
Vulpes sp.4 Frisch 1775 fox
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
Platygonus compressus1 Leconte 1848 peccary
[entered as Platygonus compresus]
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus4 Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer
Rangifer tarandus1 Linnaeus 1758 reindeer
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bootherium bombifrons4 Harlan 1825 antelope
 Theriamorpha - Talpidae
Parascalops breweri4 Bachman 1842 hairly-tailed vole
Condylura cristata4 Linnaeus 1758 star-nosed mole
 Theriamorpha - Soricidae
Blarina brevicauda4 Say 1823 northern short-tailed shrew
Sorex cinereus4 Kerr 1792 cinereus shrew
Sorex arcticus Kerr 1792 arctic shrew
Sorex fumeus4 Miller 1895 smoky shrew
Sorex palustris4 Richardson 1828 American water shrew
Sorex dispar4 Batchelder 1896 long-tailed shrew
Sorex hoyi4 Baird 1858 American pygmy shrew
 Megatherioidea - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx sp.1 Harlan 1825 edentate
Megalonyx cf. jeffersonii4 Desmarest 1822 Jefferson's ground sloth