Campo Barranca: Santacrucian, Argentina
collected 2003-2009

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Mammalia - Paucituberculata - Palaeothentidae
Palaeothentes minutus Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Mammalia - Sparassodonta
Cladosictis patagonica Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
MPM-PV 4333 (ref 58202)
Borhyaena tuberata Ameghino 1887
Prevosti et al. 2012
MPM-PV 3554
Mammalia - Notoungulata - Interatheriidae
Protypotherium sp. Ameghino 1882
Protypotherium australe (Moreno 1882)
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
MPM-PV 3531, mandible (ref 58224)
Protypotherium cf. attenuatum Ameghino 1887
synonym of Protypotherium praerutilum
Mammalia - Notoungulata - Toxodontidae
Adinotherium sp. Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Adinotherium ovinum (Owen 1846)
Adinotherium ferum Ameghino 1887
Cassini et al. 2012
synonym of Adinotherium ovinum
MPM-PV 3666, cranium, mandible; 3667, cranium, mandible
Nesodon sp. Owen 1846
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Mammalia - Astrapotheria - Astrapotheriidae
Astrapotherium magnum (Owen 1853)
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Mammalia - Cingulata - Chlamyphoridae
Proeutatus informal sp. 1 Ameghino 1891
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Proeutatus informal sp. 2 Ameghino 1891
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Proeutatus sp. Ameghino 1891
Proeutatus oenophorus (Ameghino 1887)
Vizcaíno et al. 2012
recombined as Proeutatus oenophorum
MPM-PV 3438, osteoderms; 3439, partial skull; 3440, carapace fragment; 3442, osteoderms
Prozaedyus sp. (Ameghino 1891)
Prozaedyus sp. (Ameghino 1891)
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
    = Prozaedyus proximus Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2012
MPM-PV 3436, osteoderm; MPM-PV 3441, fragment of carapace
Stenotatus patagonicus (Ameghino 1887)
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
    = Stenotatus cf. patagonicus Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2012
MPM-PV 3437, osteoderms
Stenotatus patagonicus (Ameghino 1887)
Stenotatus patagonicus?
Mammalia - Megalonychidae
Hapalops informal sp. 1 Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Hapalops informal sp. 2 Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
cf. Hapalops sp. Ameghino 1887
Eucholaeops informal sp. 1 (Amegino 1887)
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
    = Eucholoeops sp. Amegino 1887
Bargo et al. 2012
MPM-PV 3651, skull and postcrania
Eucholoeops sp. Amegino 1887
Eucholoeops ingens Ameghino 1887
Bargo et al. 2012
MPM-PV 3452, skull. See also ref 71644
Mammalia - Panameriungulata - Proterotheriidae
Diadiaphorus majusculus Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
MPM-PV 3397, cranium and mandible (ref 58224)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Neoepiblemidae
Perimys sp. Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Mammalia - Rodentia
Spaniomys modestus Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Stichomys sp. Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Eocardia sp. Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Eocardia excavata Ameghino 1891
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Eocardia montana Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
Neoreomys sp. Ameghino 1887
Neoreomys australis Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
MPM-PV 4345, incomplete skull (ref 58225)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Eocardiidae
Phanomys mixtus Ameghino 1887
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
MPM-PV 4375 (ref 58197)
Reptilia - Gruiformes - Phorusrhacidae
Phorusrhacidae indet. (Ameghino 1889)
original and current combination Phororhacosidae
“Phorusrhacidae” indet.
Phorusrhacos longissimus (Ameghino 1887)
Vizcaíno et al. 2010
MPM-PV 4241, mandible, left femur, tibiotarsus, and both fibulae (ref 58178)
see common names

Geography
Country:Argentina State/province:Santa Cruz
Coordinates: 51.0° South, 69.2° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:51.6° South, 63.5° West
Basis of coordinate:stated in text
Altitude:0 meters
Geographic resolution:local area
Time
Period:Neogene Epoch:Miocene
Stage:Burdigalian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 5
Key time interval:Santacrucian
Age range of interval:17.40000 - 16.20000 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Formation:Santa Cruz Member:Estancia La Costa
Stratigraphic resolution:formation
Stratigraphy comments: Dates from three levels in the lower one-third of the Santa Cruz fossiliferous beds at Monte Observación, rangebetween 16.42 Ma and 16.18 Ma and between 16.56 Ma and 16.28 Ma at Monte León. The dates are not wholly concordant but permit the assignment of the bulk of the coastal Santacrucian faunas to the late–early Miocene

Kay et al 2008: This list will expand as previously collected specimens are prepared and with future collecting. At the moment, this faunal listfits within the Santacrucian SALMA (Marshall, 1976; Marshall et al., 1983).
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:green silty,sandy claystone
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: Greenish silty clay. In places, the clay is finely laminated — some layers have ripple marks and others are carbon-rich. Elsewhere, it is bioturbated, preserving calcified root casts, and has poorly defined bedding. The Campo Barranca fossil level is composed of a silty clay, greenish in color. In places, the clay is finely lami- nated—some layers have ripple marks and others are car- bon-rich. Elsewhere, it is bioturbated, preserving calcified root casts, and has poorly defined bedding.
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:field collection
Reason for describing collection:paleoecologic analysis
Collection dates:2003-2009
Metadata
Database number:142529
Authorizer:C. Jaramillo, P. Mannion, J. Zijlstra Enterer:J. Carrillo, J. Zijlstra, M. Kouvari
Modifier:M. Kouvari Research group:vertebrate
Created:2013-04-13 01:03:05 Last modified:2020-01-29 05:44:48
Access level:database members Released:2014-04-13 01:03:05
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

70111. R. F. Kay, S.F. Vizcaino, M. S. Bargo, J. M. G. Perry, F. J. Prevosti and J. C. Fernicola. 2008. Two new fossil vertebrate localities in the Santa Cruz Formation (late early – early middle Miocene, Argentina), ~ 51° South latitude. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 25:187-195 [P. Mannion/M. Kouvari]

Secondary references:

58223 M. S. Bargo, N. Toledo, and S. F. Vizcaíno. 2012. Paleobiology of the Santacrucian sloths and anteaters (Xenarthra, Pilosa). In S. F. Vizcaíno, R. F. Kay, M. S. Bargo (eds.), Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia: High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation 216-242 [J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra]
58225 A. M. Candela, L. L. Rasia, and M. E. Pérez. 2012. Paleobiology of Santacrucian caviomorph rodents: a morphofunctional approach. In S. F. Vizcaíno, R. F. Kay, M. S. Bargo (eds.), Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia: High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation 287-305 [J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra]
58224 G. H. Cassini, E. Cerdeño, A. L. Villafañe and N. A. Muñoz. 2012. Paleobiology of Santacrucian native ungulates (Meridiungulata: Astrapotheria, Litoptera and Notoungulata). In S. F. Vizcaíno, R. F. Kay, M. S. Bargo (eds.), Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia: High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation 243-286 [J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra]
71644 G. De Iuliis, F. Pujos, N. Toledo, M. S. Bargo, and S. F. Vizcaino. 2014. Eucholoeops Ameghino, 1887 (Xenarthra, Tardigrada, Megalonychidae) from the Santa Cruz Formation, Argentine Patagonia: implications for the systematics of Santacrucian sloths. Geodiversitas 36(2):209-255 [P. Mannion/M. Kouvari]
58178 F. J. Degrange, J. I. Noriega, and J. I. Areta. 2012. Diversity and paleobiology of the Santacrucian birds. In S. F. Vizcaíno, R. F. Kay, M. S. Bargo (eds.), Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia: High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation 138-155 [J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra]
58197 M. E. Pérez and M. G. Vucetich. 2011. A revision of the fossil genus Phanomys Ameghino, 1887 (Rodentia, Hystricognathi, Cavioidea) from the early Miocene of Patagonia (Argentina) and the acquisition of euhypsodonty in Cavioidea sensu stricto. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 86(2):187-204 [J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra]
58202 F. J. Prevosti, A. M. Forasiepi, M. D. Ercoli and G. F. Turazzini. 2012. Paleoecology of the mammalian carnivores (Metatheria, Sparassodonta) of the Santa Cruz Formation (late Early Miocene). In S. F. Vizcaíno, R. F. Kay, M. S. Bargo (eds.), Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia: High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation 173-193 [J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra]
46189 S. F. Vizcaíno, M. S. Bargo, R. F. Kay, R. A. Fariña, M. Di Giacomo, J. M. G. Perry, F. J. Prevosti, N. Toledo, G. H. Cassini and J. C. Fernicola. 2010. A baseline paleoecological study of the Santa Cruz Formation (late-early Miocene) at the Atlantic coast of Patagonia, Argentina. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 292(3-4):507-519 [C. Jaramillo/J. Carrillo/P. Wagner]
58206 S. F. Vizcaíno, J. C. Fernicola, and M. S. Bargo. 2012. Paleobiology of Santacrucian glyptodonts and armadillos (Xenarthra, Cingulata). In S. F. Vizcaí­no, R. F. Kay, M. S. Bargo (eds.), Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia: High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation 194-215 [J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra/J. Zijlstra]