Phosphorites du Quercy (for taxa with non-specific locality data): Eocene - Early/Lower Miocene, France

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo serratus n. sp. Filhol 1876
Rage 2006
Thaumastosaurus bottii n. sp. De Stefano 1903
Rage 2006
Rana plicata n. sp. Filhol 1876
Rage 2006
synonym of Thaumastosaurus gezei
Heteroclitotriton zitteli n. sp. De Stefano 1903
Rage 2006
Megalotriton filholi n. sp. Zittel 1890
Rage 2006
Megalotriton portisi n. sp. De Stefano 1903
Rage 2006
Phosphotriton sigei n. gen., n. sp. Tissier et al. 2016
Tissier et al. 2016
MNHN.F.QU 17755 (holotype)
Reptilia - Testudines - Testudinidae
Testudo phosphoritarum n. sp. Rage 1988
Rage 2006
Reptilia - Alligatoridae
Alligator gaudryi n. sp. de Stefano 1905
Rage 2006
Reptilia - Squamata - Lacertidae
Dracaenosaurus croizeti Gervais 1848
1 specimen
MNHN 1903-20, left dentary (previously holotype for Dracaenosaurus sauvegi). Other collections are from the late Oligocene.
Pseudeumeces cadurcensis n. gen., n. sp. Filhol 1877
109 specimens
MNHN possibly lost holotype (figured in Filhol 1877), dentary; MNHN QU 17169, complete right mandible; left dentary; six maxillae; MNHN QU 17180, hundred dentaries. Probably Oligocene in age.
Mediolacerta roceki Augé 2005
19 specimens
twelve right dentaries, five left dentaries, a left dentary with splenial; MNHN QU 17728, a mostly complete right mandible. Most likely Oligocene in age.
Quercycerta maxima Augé 2005
10 specimens
MNHN QU 17729 (paratype), right dentary; additional material: three left dentaries, five right dentaries, fragmentary left maxilla. Other collections are mid-Eocene in age.
Plesiolacerta lydekkeri (Hoffstetter 1942)
57 specimens
Iguana europaea
MNHN QU 17179, seven left dentaries; MNHN QU 17727, four right dentaries; QU 17166, sixteen left maxillae; [no cat no.] twelve right maxillae; QU 17167, eleven dorsal vertebrae; two cervical vertebrae, one caudal vertebra; QU 17168, three parietals, QU 17745, one premaxilla. Age range of other collections: mid Eocene-early Oligocene.
Reptilia - Squamata - Teiidae
Brevisaurus smithi n. gen., n. sp. Augé 2005
5 specimens
MNHN QU 17742 (holotype), right dentary; QU 17741, right maxilla; additional fragment of right maxilla, left dentary, partial right dentary. Other collections are mid-Eocene in age.
Reptilia - Squamata - Necrosauridae
Necrosaurus cayluxi n. gen., n. sp. Filhol 1873
18 specimens
MNHN fig 434 in Filhol 1877 (holotype), dentary; MNHN QU 17172, right dentary; three incomplete right dentaries; one incomplete left dentary; two incomplete maxillae (one left, one right); fragment of jaw; one premaxilla; MNHN QU 17176, parietal; two additional parietals; MNHN QU 17175, frontal; two additional frontals; QU 17173, part of the posterior of a mandible; QU 17174, right quadrate; a number of dorsal and caudal vertebrae (BMNH). Some material from BSPHM collections in Fejervary 1935. Likely late Eocene in age.
Necrosaurus eucarinatus Kuhn 1940
3 specimens
MNHN QU 17177, one frontal, two parietals. Likely Eocene age.
Reptilia - Squamata
Eurheloderma gallicum n. gen., n. sp. Hoffstetter 1957
22 specimens
MNHN QU 17746 (holotype), right maxilla; additional MNHN material: five maxillae, one left dentary, one left pterygoid, two parietals, five dorsal vertebrae, two posterior cervical vertebrae, two lumbar vertebrae; BMNH R3487, a right dentary; EMP collections: one parietal; FSM coll.: one parietal. Late Eocene (or possibly Oligocene?).
Reptilia - Squamata - Anguidae
Placosaurus sp. Gervais 1852
3 specimens
Part of the anterior of a right dentary, part of the anterior of a left dentary, a premaxilla. Likely mid-late Eocene in age.
Placosaurus rugosus Gervais 1852
4 specimens
MNHN QU 16564, complete right mandible (holotype of Placosaurus europaeus in Filhol 1877); some osteoderms(?); short maxilla fragment; MNHN QU 17178, complete right mandible. Other collections are mid-late Eocene in age.
Reptilia - Squamata - Iguanidae
Geiseltaliellus lamandini n. sp. (Filhol 1877)
12 specimens
MNHN No. QU 17739 (holotype), incomplete right mandible with dentary, splenial, coronoid and small part of supra-angular and angular; additional material: seven right dentaries, three left dentaries, and ?a frontal (MNHN QU 17162). Most likely late Eocene in age.
Reptilia - Squamata - Agamidae
Uromastyx europaeus n. sp. Moody 1980
10 specimens
MNHN No. QU 17160 (holotype), right dentary; MNHN QU 17161, right and left dentaries; MNHN QU 17183-17189, three incomplete dentaries and four incomplete maxillae. Most likely from the Oligocene.
Quercygama galliae n. gen., n. sp. (Filhol 1877)
1 specimen
MNHN QU16560 (holotype), mandible. Most likely from the early Oligocene.
Reptilia - Squamata - Boidae
Plesiotortrix edwardsi n. sp. de Rochebrune 1884
Rage 2006
Palaeopython filholi n. gen., n. sp. de Rochebrune 1880
Rage 2006 1 specimen
MNHN QU 322 (holotype), vertebra (see also Rage 1974, ref. 16854)
Palaeopython cadurcensis n. sp. (Filhol 1877)
Rage 2006
original and current combination Python cadurcensis
Palaeopython neglectus n. sp. de Rochebrune 1884
Rage 2006
Paleryx cayluxi n. sp. De Stefano 1905
Rage 2006
Reptilia - Squamata - Colubridae
Natrix mlynarskii n. sp. Rage 1988
Rage 1988 2 specimens
MNHN QU 17181 (holotype), one mid-trunk vertebra; MNHN QU 17182, one mid-trunk vertebra; Rage notes that since a Mas de Got specimen exists these specimens are most likely Oligocene in age
Reptilia - Squamata - Gekkonidae
Cadurcogekko piveteaui n. gen., n. sp. Hoffstetter 1946
12 specimens
MNHN QU 17163 and QU 17164 (syntypes), left dentary and incomplete maxilla, respectively; seven dentaries, two maxillae, one frontal. Probably mid-late Eocene in age.
Reptilia - Squamata
Omoiotyphlops priscus n. gen., n. sp. (de Rochebrune 1884)
1 specimen
synonym of Omoiotyphlops
MNHN QU 16573 (holotype), five associated vertebrae.
Reptilia - Squamata - Scincidae
Ayalasaurus tenuis n. gen., n. sp. Augé 2005
5 specimens
MNHN QU 17190 (holotype), left dentary with splenial and start of angular; left dentary; MNHN QU 17191,three right dentaries. Certainly from the late Eocene.
Reptilia - Squamata - Cordylidae
Pseudolacerta quercyini Augé 2005
2 specimens
?a fragmentary left dentary, ?a fragmentary right dentary. Probably mid-late Eocene in age.
Pseudolacerta mucronata n. gen., n. sp. Filhol 1877
5 specimens
Holotype (MNHN, presumed lost), one dentary; MNHN QU 17159, right dentary with broken posterior; additional three right dentaries. Most likely from the late Eocene.
Reptilia - Squamata
Placosaurus quercyi n. sp. Filhol 1882
9 specimens
recombined as Paraplacosauriops quercyi
MNHN QU 16569 (neotype), right dentary; QU 16565, two left dentaries; QU 17730, three right dentaries; a mandible; two incomplete maxillae. Certainly from the middle or late Eocene. Additional: YPM-PU 11494 from reference 59390, nearly complete right maxilla: it is said to come from "Caylus, Tarn-et-Garonne", but this could mean it is from a number of established Quercy localities.
see common names

Country:France State/province:Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées County:Lot
Coordinates: 44.3° North, 1.6° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:42.8° North, 2.0° West
Basis of coordinate:estimated from map
Geographic resolution:basin
Key time interval:Eocene - Early/Lower Miocene
Age range of interval:56.00000 - 15.97000 m.y. ago
Formation:Quercy Phosphorites
Stratigraphic resolution:formation
Stratigraphy comments: General collection for specimens from the Phosphorites du Quercy with no specific locality or age data, particularly from older museum collections.
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: phosphorite
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils,mesofossils
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:survey of museum collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Also known as:Quercy Phosphorites
Database number:179194
Authorizer:P. Barrett, P. Holroyd Enterer:T. Cleary, P. Holroyd
Modifier:P. Mannion Research group:vertebrate
Created:2016-06-03 10:59:07 Last modified:2016-12-14 08:13:49
Access level:the public Released:2016-06-03 10:59:07
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

59290. M. L. Augé. 2005. Evolution des lézards du Paléogène en Europe. Mémoires du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle 192:1-369 [P. Barrett/T. Cleary/T. Cleary]

Secondary references:

60167 J.-C. Rage. 1988. The oldest known colubrid snakes. The state of the art. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 31(13):457-474 [P. Barrett/T. Cleary]
60203 J.-C. Rage. 2006. The lower vertebrates from the Eocene and Oligocene of the Phosphorites du Quercy (France): an overview. Strata 1(13):161-173 [P. Barrett/T. Cleary]
63538 J. Tissier, J.-C. Rage, R. Boistel, V. Fernandez, N. Pollet, G. Garcia, and M. Laurin. 2016. Synchrotron analysis of a ‘mummified’ salamander (Vertebrata: Caudata) from the Eocene of Quercy, France. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 177:147-164 [P. Holroyd/P. Holroyd]