Burge Quarry: Clarendonian, Nebraska

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Hemicyon sp. Lartet 1851
    = informal Hunt ursid barbouri
Hunt 1998
Mammalia - Rodentia - Castoridae
Monosaulax sp. Stirton 1935
Evander 1999
Eucastor sp. Allen 1877
Mammalia - Rodentia - Mylagaulidae
Mylagaulus sp. Cope 1878
    = Ceratogaulus cf. rhinocerus Matthew 1902
Korth 2000
Mammalia - Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Hypolagus sp. Dice 1917
    = Archaeolaginae indet.
Alroy 2002
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras sp. Hatcher 1894
Skinner et al. 1968
AMNH specimen
    = Teleoceras medicornutum Osborn 1904
Prothero 2005
Aphelops megalodus (Cope 1873)
Prothero 2005
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Merychippus" cf. coloradense (Osborn 1918)
Merychippus cf. insignis Leidy 1856
    = Hipparionini indet. Quinn 1955
Alroy 2002
Hippotherium sp. Kaup 1832
two skulls measured at AMNH: JA pers. obs.
Cormohipparion johnsoni n. sp. Woodburne 2007
Woodburne 2007
Neohipparion cf. coloradense (Osborn 1918)
    = Cormohipparion merriami Woodburne 2007
Woodburne 2007
Pseudhipparion retrusum (Cope 1889)
Pliohippus pernix Marsh 1874
Protohippus supremus Leidy 1869
Hypohippus affinis (Leidy 1858)
Mammalia - Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Ischyrocyon gidleyi (Matthew 1902)
confirmed by Hunt 1998b
Pseudocyon sp. Lartet 1851
Hunt 1998
Mammalia - Carnivora - Mustelidae
Brachypsalis sp. Cope 1890
    = Mustelidae indet. Fischer 1817
Alroy 2002
Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae
Leptocyon vafer (Leidy 1858)
Tedford et al. 2009
Aelurodon stirtoni (Wang et al. 1999)
Wang et al. 1999
F:AM specimens; UCMP type also accidentally listed here by Webb, but elsewhere in the text correctly placed at Fence Line (see)
Aelurodon taxoides Hatcher 1894
    = Aelurodon ferox Leidy 1858
Wang et al. 1999
Carpocyon webbi Wang et al. 1999
Wang et al. 1999
Tomarctus euthos (McGrew 1935)
recombined as Paratomarctus euthos
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotherium productum (Cope 1874)
    = Gomphotherium willistoni Barbour 1914
Alroy 2002
synonym of Tetrabelodon osborni
according to Tobien 1973, but clearly G. willistoni in light of his discussion and of Voorhies 1990
Mammalia - Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
Ustatochoerus medius (Leidy 1858)
Mammalia - Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Prosthennops niobrarensis Colbert 1935
see also Wright and Eshelman 1987; Wright 1993
Mammalia - Ungulata - Camelidae
Protolabis sp. Cope 1876
Procamelus grandis Gregory 1939
Aepycamelus sp. Macdonald 1956
Mammalia - Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Cranioceras unicornis Matthew 1918
see also Frick 1937 (1 measurement)
Mammalia - Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Cosoryx furcatus Leidy 1869
see also Frick 1937
Mammalia - Ungulata - Moschidae
Longirostromeryx wellsi (Matthew 1904)
see also Frick 1937
see common names

Country:United States State/province:Nebraska County:Cherry
Coordinates: 42.8° North, 100.8° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:43.3° North, 98.2° West
Basis of coordinate:based on political unit
Geographic resolution:small collection
Period:Neogene Epoch:Miocene
Key time interval:Clarendonian
Age range of interval:13.60000 - 10.30000 m.y. ago
* legacy (obsolete) database fields
Formation:Valentine Member:Burge
Local section:ValAH Local bed:4
Local order:bottom to top
Lithology and environment
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Modes of preservation:body
Collection methods and comments
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Museum repositories:UCMP
Taxonomic list comments:see Wade Quarry for discussion of Davis Ash
ignore list of Voorhies 1990, which is a composite
originally described by Stirton and McGrew 1935
3000 F:AM specimens, 23 UNSM specimens, 52 post-McGrew UCMP specimens: Skinner and Johnson 1984; because Webb's material is from the UCMP, these figures are not useable
"Ustatochoerus major" Schultz and Falkenbach 1941: "N. and E. of Burge Post Office"
Also known as:UCMP V-3312
Database number:18077
Authorizer:J. Alroy, J. Marcot Enterer:J. Alroy, J. Marcot
Modifier:J. Alroy Research group:vertebrate
Created:1992-08-05 00:00:00 Last modified:2007-03-09 19:45:15
Access level:the public Released:1992-08-05 00:00:00
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

3564. S. D. Webb. 1969. The Burge and Minnechaduza Clarendonian Mammalian Faunas of North-Central Nebraska. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 78:1-191 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]

Secondary references:

6294 J. Alroy. 2002. Synonymies and reidentifications of North American fossil mammals. [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
5661ETE 1416J. D. Bryant, W. J. Showers, B. Genna and P.N. Froelich. 1993. A tale of two quarries: inferring taphonomic history from the oxygen istopic composition of fossil phosphate. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 13:27A [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/J. Alroy]
1467 R. L. Evander. 1999. Rodents and lagomorphs (Mammalia) from the Railway Quarries local fauna (Miocene, Barstovian) of Nebraska. Paludicola 2(3):240-256 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
1976 R. M. Hunt, Jr. 1998. Ursidae. In C. M. Janis, K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs (eds.), Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America 1:174-195 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
1977 R. M. Hunt, Jr. 1998. Amphicyonidae. 196-227 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
2143 W. W. Korth. 2000. Review of Miocene (Hemingfordian to Clarendonian) mylagaulid rodents (Mammalia) from Nebraska. Annals of Carnegie Museum 69(4):227-280 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]
51726 D. R. Prothero. 2005. The Evolution of North American Rhinoceroses. 1-218 [J. Marcot/J. Marcot]
3077 C. B. Schultz, M. Schultz, and L. D. Martin. 1970. A new Tribe of Saber-toothed cats (Barbourofelini) from the Pliocene of North America. Bulletin of the Nebraska State Museum 9(1):1-31 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
3174 M. F. Skinner, S. M. Skinner, and R. J. Gooris. 1968. Cenozoic rocks and faunas of Turtle Butte, south-central South Dakota. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 138(7) [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Ju]
52058 R. H. Tedford, X. Wang, and B. E. Taylor. 2009. Phylogenetic Systematics of the North American Fossil Caninae (Carnivora: Canidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 325:1-218 [J. Marcot/J. Marcot]
3558 X. Wang, R. H. Tedford, and B. E. Taylor. 1999. Phylogenetic systematics of the Borophaginae (Carnivora: Canidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 243:1-392 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
45368 M. O. Woodburne. 2007. Phyletic diversification of the Cormohipparion occidentale complex (Mammalia; Perissodactyla, Equidae), Late Miocene, North America, and the origin of the Old World Hippotherium datum. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 306(1):1-138 [P. Wagner/P. Wagner]