Hypsilophodon Bed, Cowleaze Chine: Late/Upper Barremian, United Kingdom
collected by J. S. Bowerbank, G. A. Mantell, W. Fox 1849, 1868

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Reptilia - Testudines - Trionychidae
Galton 1974
Iguanodon mantelli Meyer 1832
2 individuals
(2 measurements)
    = Hypsilophodon foxii Huxley 1870
Huxley 1870
BMNH 28707, 39560-1, articulated skeleton (paratype). BMNH R12444, proximal right femur; also BM R.5862, R.5863, and R.5380 (described by Swinton 1936); MIWG 4127
Iguanodon sp. Mantell 1825
Fox 1869 2 individuals
BMNH R196, R197
    = Hypsilophodon foxii n. gen., n. sp. Huxley 1870
Hulke 1874
Reptilia - Dryosauridae
Valdosaurus canaliculatus n. gen., n. sp. (Galton 1975)
Galton and Taquet 1982 1 individual
BMNH R185, R186, pair of femora. (1 measurement)
Reptilia - Goniopholididae
? Goniopholis sp. Owen 1842
Galton 1974
see common names

Country:United Kingdom State/province:England County:Isle of Wight
Coordinates: 50.6° North, 1.4° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:40.9° North, 9.3° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Geographic resolution:outcrop
Period:Cretaceous Epoch:Early/Lower Cretaceous
Stage:Barremian 10 m.y. bin:Cretaceous 2
*Period:Early/Lower Cretaceous
*International age/stage:Berriasian - Albian
Key time interval:Late/Upper Barremian
Age range of interval:130.00000 - 125.45000 m.y. ago
* legacy (obsolete) database fields
Geological group:Wealden Formation:Wessex
Stratigraphic resolution:bed
Stratigraphy comments: from the "Hypsilophodon Bed", top of Wessex Formation (=Wealden Marls)
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:red carbonaceous marl
Secondary lithology:brown sandy claystone
Includes fossils?Y
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: "The bed consists of redish-blue marl. In the lower part of the Bed there are, in addition, several rocky bands of varying thickness."; "sandy clay-stone"; "light brown sand rock"
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Modes of preservation:body,soft parts
Degree of concentration:dispersed
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Preservation of anatomical detail:good
Articulated whole bodies:none
Associated major elements:some
Disassociated major elements:some
Temporal resolution:snapshot
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:surface (float),surface (in situ),mechanical,field collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Museum repositories:BMNH
Collectors:J. S. Bowerbank, G. A. Mantell, W. Fox Collection dates:1849, 1868
Collection method comments: single block broken in two, found by workmen, and sent to different collectors
Database number:26791
Authorizer:M. Carrano, R. Butler Enterer:M. Carrano, R. Butler, K. Maguire
Modifier:M. Carrano Research group:vertebrate
Created:2002-11-01 07:32:48 Last modified:2019-07-11 16:05:25
Access level:the public Released:2002-11-01 07:32:48
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

14133.ETE R. Owen. 1855. Monograph on the fossil Reptilia of the Wealden and Purbeck Formations. Part II. Dinosauria (Iguanodon). [Wealden]. The Palaeontographical Society, London 1854:1-54 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]

Secondary references:

31505 P. M. Barrett. 1996. The first known femur of Hylaeosaurus armatus and re-identification of ornithopod material in The Natural History Museum, London. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, London (Geology) 52(2):115-118 [R. Butler/R. Butler]
15587ETE M. J. Benton and P. S. Spencer. 1995. Fossil Reptiles of Great Britain. Chapman & Hall, London 1-386 [M. Carrano/K. Maguire/J. Tennant]
58861 W. T. Blows. 1983. William Fox (1813–1881), a neglected dinosaur collector from the Isle of Wight. Archives of Natural History 11(2):299-313 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
69376 H. W. Bristow, C. Reid, and A. Straham. 1889. The Geology of the Isle of Wight. 2nd edition xiv-349 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
29198ETE W. Fox. 1869. On the skull and bones of an Iguanodon. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, Norwich 1868:64-65 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
5672ETE 1428P. M. Galton. 1974. The ornithischian dinosaur Hypsilophodon from the Wealden of the Isle of Wight. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History 25:1-152 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Carrano]
25580ETE P. M. Galton. 2001. The mode of life of Hypsilophodon, the small supposedly arboreal ornithopod dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of England. DinoPress 3:32-35/-93-101 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
31500 P. M. Galton. 2009. Notes on Neocomian (Lower Cretaceous) ornithopod dinosaurs from England - Hypsilophodon, Valdosaurus, "Camptosaurus", "Iguanodon" - and referred specimens from Romania and elsewhere. Revue de Paléobiologie, Genève 28(1):211-273 [R. Butler/R. Butler]
12770ETE P. M. Galton and P. Taquet. 1982. Valdosaurus, a hypsilophodontid dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Europe and Africa. Géobios 15(2):147-159 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/J. Alroy]
7421 J. W. Hulke. 1873. Contribution to the anatomy of Hypsilophodon foxii. An account of some recently acquired remains. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 29:522-532 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
7422 J. W. Hulke. 1874. Supplemental note on the anatomy of Hypsilophodon foxii. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 30:18-23 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
12803 T. H. Huxley. 1870. On Hypsilophodon foxii, a new dinosaurian from the Wealden of the Isle of Wight. Quarterly Review of the Geological Society of London 26:3-12 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
14142ETE R. Lydekker. 1888. Catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia and Amphibia in the British Museum (Natural History). Part I. Containing the Orders Ornithosauria, Crocodilia, Dinosauria, Squamata, Rhynchocephalia, and Proterosauria. British Museum (Natural History), London 1-309 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Uhen]
14067ETE R. Owen. 1874. Monograph on the fossil Reptilia of the Wealden and Purbeck formations. Supplement no. V. Dinosauria (Iguanodon). [Wealden and Purbeck.]. The Palaeontographical Society, London 1873:1-18 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
51648 J. D. Radley. 1996. Type, figured and cited specimens in the Museum of Isle of Wight Geology (Isle of Wight, England). The Geological Curator 6(5):187-193 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
61518 D. B. Weishampel and J. B. Weishampel. 1983. Annotated localities of ornithopod dinosaurs: implications to Mesozoic paleobiogeography. The Mosasaur 1:43-87 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
30971ETE A. S. Woodward and C. D. Sherborn. 1890. A Catalogue of British Fossil Vertebrata. Dulao & Company, London 1-396 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]