Lark Quarry dinosaur tracksite (QM): Early/Lower Cenomanian, Australia
collected 1976

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Coelurosauria indet. Huene 1914
Thulborn and Wade 1979 55 %-individuals
    = Skartopus australis n. gen., n. sp. Thulborn and Wade 1984
Thulborn and Wade 1984
Reptilia - Hadrosauridae
Amblydactylus cf. gethingi Sternberg 1932
Thulborn and Wade 1979 1 individual
11 tracks; QM F10322
    = cf. Tyrannosauropus sp. Haubold 1971
Thulborn and Wade 1984
    = Tyrannosauropus sp. Haubold 1971
Molnar 1991
nomen dubium belonging to Hadrosauridae
Ornithopoda indet. Marsh 1881
Thulborn and Wade 1979 45 %-individuals
    = Wintonopus latomorum n. gen., n. sp. Thulborn and Wade 1984
Thulborn and Wade 1984
QM F10319-10322
see common names

Country:Australia State/province:Queensland
Coordinates: 23.1° South, 142.8° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:52.8° South, 132.7° East
Basis of coordinate:estimated from map
Altitude:226 meters
Geographic resolution:outcrop
Period:Cretaceous Epoch:Late/Upper Cretaceous
Stage:Cenomanian 10 m.y. bin:Cretaceous 5
*Period:Late/Upper Cretaceous
*International age/stage:Early/Lower Cenomanian
Key time interval:Early/Lower Cenomanian
Age range of interval:99.60000 - 93.50000 m.y. ago
* legacy (obsolete) database fields
Geological group:Rolling Downs Formation:Winton
Stratigraphic resolution:bed
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:"cross stratification",red poorly lithified sandstone
Secondary lithology:planar lamination,red lithified claystone
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: "Sediments exposed at Lark Quarry are mainly soft and fine-grained arkosic sandstones of reddish-buff colour. The sandstones for thick beds (each built of innumerable small sets of cross-bedding) and are interlayered with thin and persistent seams of indurated pinkish claystone. The dinosaur tracks are impressed in an 8-10 cm seam of finely laminated claystone that is evidently of lacustrine origin...There are no ripple-marks, rain-prints or sun-cracks, and the dinosaur tracks were impressed in firm moist mud."
Environment:lacustrine indet.
Geology comments: lacustrine origin. "Sandstones above and below the footprint bed probably resulted from periodic sheet-floods...Shrinkage of the lake had exposed extensive mud-flats marked with narrow run-off channels."
Modes of preservation:mold/impression,trace
Degree of concentration:-single event
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Spatial orientation:life position
Preservation of anatomical detail:good
Associated major elements:many
Disassociated major elements:some
Temporal resolution:snapshot
Spatial resolution:autochthonous
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:surface (in situ),mechanical,observed (not collected)
Reason for describing collection:paleoecologic analysis
Collection dates:1976
Collection method comments: more than 130 individual dinosaurs
Also known as:"dinosaur stampede", Winton
Database number:28606
Authorizer:M. Carrano Enterer:M. Carrano
Modifier:M. Carrano Research group:vertebrate
Created:2003-02-20 09:19:19 Last modified:2019-05-29 17:11:33
Access level:the public Released:2003-02-20 09:19:19
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

56027. Y. Evans. 1977. Molding and casting a dinosaur trackway. Kalori 53:39-41 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]

Secondary references:

14223ETE N. Agnew, H. Griffin, M. Wade, T. Tebble, and W. Oxnam. 1989. Strategies and techniques for the preservation of fossil tracksites: an Australian example. In D. D. Gillette and M. G. Lockley (eds.), Dinosaur Tracks and Traces. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 397-407 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
55944 N. H. Agnew. 1986. The development of strategies and techniques for the preservation of the Lark Quarry dinosaur trackways site. In D. D. Gillette and M. G. Lockley (eds.), First International Symposium on Dinosaur Tracks and Traces, Abstracts with Program 12 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
55105 N. H. Agnew and W. B. Oxnam. 1983. Conservation of the Lark Quarry dinosaur trackway. Curator 28(3):219-233 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
69025 L. Alcalá, M. G. Lockley, A. Cobos, L. Mampel, and R. Royo-Torres. 2016. Evaluating the dinosaur track record: an integrative approach to understanding the regional and global distribution, scientific importance, preservation, and management of tracksites. In P. L. Falkingham, D. Marty, & A. Richter (eds.), Dinosaur Tracks: The Next Steps 100-116 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
42603 G. V. Irby. 1996. Paleoichnological evidence for running dinosaurs worldwide. In M. Morales (ed.), The Continental Jurassic, Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 60:109-112 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
34281ETE M. G. Lockley. 1992. Cretaceous dinosaur-dominated footprints assemblages: their stratigraphic and palaeoecological potential. In N. J. Mateer & P.-J. Chen (ed.), Aspects of Nonmarine Cretaceous Geology. China Ocean Press, Beijing 269-282 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
69059 A. R. C. Milner and M. G. Lockley. 2016. Dinosaur swim track assemblages: characteristics, contexts, and ichnofacies implications. In P. L. Falkingham, D. Marty, & A. Richter (eds.), Dinosaur Tracks: The Next Steps 152-180 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
17467ETE R. E. Molnar. 1980. Reflections on the Mesozoic of Australia. Mesozoic Vertebrate Life 1:47-60 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
63423 R. E. Molnar. 1991. Fossil reptiles in Australia. In P. Vickers-Rich, J. M. Monaghan, R. F. Baird, & T. H. Rich (eds.), Vertebrate Paleontology of Australasia 605-702 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
54272 R. E. Molnar. 1997. Australasian dinosaurs. In P. J. Currie & K. Padian (ed.), Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs 27-31 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
46279 R. E. H. Molnar. 1982. A catalogue of fossil amphibians and reptiles in Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 20(3):613-633 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
18059ETE T. H. Rich and P. Vickers-Rich. 2003. A Century of Australian Dinosaurs. Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery and Monash Science Centre, Monash University 1-124 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
25845ETE B. T. Roach and D. L. Brinkman. 2007. A reevaluation of cooperative pack hunting and gregariousness in Deinonychus antirrhopus and other nonavian theropod dinosaurs. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 48(1):103-138 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
51899 A. Romilio and S. W. Salisbury. 2010. A reassessment of large theropod dinosaur tracks from the mid-Cretaceous (late Albian-Cenomanian) Winton Formation of Lark Quarry, central-western Queensland, Australia: A case for mistaken identity. Cretaceous Research [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
62321 S. W. Salisbury, A. Romilio, M. C. Herne, R. T. Tucker, and J. P. Nair. 2016. The Dinosaurian Ichnofauna of the Lower Cretaceous (Valanginian–Barremian) Broome Sandstone of the Walmadany Area (James Price Point), Dampier Peninsula, Western Australia. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Memoir 16. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 36(6, suppl.):1-152 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
7891 R. A. Thulborn and M. Wade. 1979. Dinosaur stampede in the Cretaceous of Queensland. Lethaia 12:275-279 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
61634 R. A. Thulborn and M. Wade. 1984. Dinosaur trackways in the Winton Formation (mid-Cretaceous) of Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 21(2):413-517 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
13996ETE R. A. Thulborn and M. Wade. 1989. A footprint as a history of movement. In D. D. Gillette and M. G. Lockley (eds.), Dinosaur Tracks and Traces. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 51-56 [M. Carrano/K. Maguire/M. Carrano]
62193 M. Wade. 1979. Tracking dinosaurs: the WInton excavation. Australian Natural History 19(9):286-291 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]