Öhningen: MN 7 + 8, Germany

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Coluber arcuatus n. sp. von Meyer 1845
Szyndlar 1997 1 specimen
nomen dubium belonging to Craniata
supposed type specimen of C. arcuatus, described and figured by v. Meyer (1845), now lost; figure by v. Meyer does not allow to determine whether this is a snake or just another snake-bodied vertebrate
Actinopteri - Anguilliformes
Anguilliformes indet. Greenwood et al. 1966
Szyndlar 1997 1 specimen
SMNK Oe 337 (formerly TE 57), labelled as the type specimen of C. arcuatus v. Meyer 1845, but is not the specimen described and figured in the first description of that taxon by von Meyer (1845)
Tylototriton primigenius n. sp. Noble 1928
Noble 1928
Reptilia - Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx teyleri n. sp. Winkler 1869
Winkler 1869
synonym of Trionyx vindobonensis
Reptilia - Testudines
Chelydra murchisoni n. sp. Bell 1836
Joyce 2016
recombined as Chelydropsis murchisoni
BMNH 37204 - type
Reptilia - Squamata - Anguidae
Ophisaurus holeci Klembara 2015
Čerňanský and Klembara 2017 1 specimen
SMNK-PAL.8541, partially preserved skeleton
Reptilia - Squamata
? Coluber kargi (von Meyer 1845)
Lydekker 1888 1 individual
BMNH 42733 ("van Breda collection")
    = Macrostomata indet. Ritgen 1828
Szyndlar 1997
not explicitly cited in the reference under that taxon name, but it says that it "most likely [...] represented the Boidae s. l., although its allocation in the Colubridae is also possible"
Reptilia - Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphis oweni (Meyer 1844)
Lydekker 1888 1 specimen
BMNH 42734 ("van Breda collection")
    = Colubridae indet. Oppel 1811
Szyndlar 1997
"non-natricine colubrid"
Coluber owenii n. sp. Meyer 1844
Szyndlar 1997 2 specimens
nomen dubium belonging to Colubridae
Holotype: "Exemplar der Seyfried'schen Sammlung" (SMNK te-mi 126; formerly TE 58), referred specimen: PIMUZ A/III 688
Reptilia - Squamata - Crotalidae
Coluber kargii n. sp. von Meyer 1845
Szyndlar 1992 1 individual
nomen dubium belonging to Vipera
Syntypes: PIMUZ A/III 163 + 164 (part and counterpart)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Cricetidae
Megacricetodon gregarius (Schaub 1925)
Upper M1 and M2 found as part of a rapatorial pellet
Mammalia - Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Lagopsis verus Hensel 1856
fragments found as part of a rapatorial pellet
see common names

Country:Germany State/province:Baden-Württemberg County:Konstanz
Coordinates: 47.7° North, 8.9° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:47.9° North, 7.8° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Period:Neogene Epoch:Miocene
Key time interval:MN 7 + 8
Age range of interval:12.75000 - 11.10000 m.y. ago
Geological group:Molasse Formation:Upper Freshwater Molasse
Stratigraphy comments: The Öhningen localities are of Middle Miocene age (MN 7+8) according to Szyndlar (1992, 1997)
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: "limestone"
Lithology description: "limestone" (Noble 1928)
Environment:lacustrine indet. Tectonic setting:foreland basin
Modes of preservation:body,mold/impression,adpression,trace
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Spatial orientation:random
Preservation of anatomical detail:variable
Articulated whole bodies:none
Disassociated minor elements:all
Collection methods and comments
Collection excludes:some genera
Collection methods:survey of museum collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Museum repositories:BMNH
Collection method comments: classic 19th century collections are presumably distributed amongst numerous museums (SMNK, PIMUZ and some smaller museums in southern Baden-Württemberg and northern Switzerland)
Taxonomic list comments:omits large numbers of insects and plants
Also known as:Oeningen, Oehningen, Öningen
Database number:34534
Authorizer:J. Hunter, J. Alroy, J. Mueller, T. Cleary, E. Vlachos, P. Mannion Enterer:M. Hall, J. Alroy, T. Cleary, T. Liebrecht, E. Vlachos, P. Mannion
Modifier:T. Liebrecht Research group:vertebrate
Created:2003-09-05 13:17:27 Last modified:2013-01-31 06:01:42
Access level:the public Released:2003-09-05 13:17:27
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

9114.5% 34540H. Tobien. 1977. Ein Gewöllrest mit Megacricetodon (Rodentia, Mammalia) aus dem Obermiozän von Öhningen (Baden-Württemberg). Berichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Freiburg im Breisgau 67:359-369 [J. Hunter/M. Hall/T. Liebrecht]

Secondary references:

67884 A. Čerňanský and J. Klembara. 2017. A skeleton of Ophisaurus (Squamata: Anguidae) from the middle Miocene of Germany, with a revision of the partly articulated postcranial material from Slovakia using micro-computed tomography. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology e1333515 [T. Cleary/T. Cleary/T. Cleary]
62897 W. G. Joyce. 2016. A Review of the Fossil Record of Turtles of the Clade Pan-Chelydridae. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 57(1):21-56 [P. Holroyd/P. Holroyd/P. Mannion]
14142ETE R. Lydekker. 1888. Catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia and Amphibia in the British Museum (Natural History). Part I. Containing the Orders Ornithosauria, Crocodilia, Dinosauria, Squamata, Rhynchocephalia, and Proterosauria. British Museum (Natural History), London 1-309 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Uhen]
28416 G. K. Noble. 1928. Two new fossil amphibia of zoögeographic importance from the Miocene of Europe. American Museum Novitates 303:1-13 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
44573 Z. Szyndlar. 1992. “Coluber” kargii von Meyer, 1845 (Serpentes: Viperidae), from the Miocene of Öhningen (Germany). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte 1992(11):692-700 [J. Mueller/T. Liebrecht]
43688 Z. Szyndlar. 1997. A review of the fossil Snakes (Reptilia: Serpentes) described by Herman von Meyer. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 203(2):211-219 [J. Mueller/T. Liebrecht]
64249 T. C. Winkler. 1869. Des tortues fossiles conservées dans le Musée Teyler et dans quelques autres Musées. 1-151 [E. Vlachos/E. Vlachos]