Lily Pond Quarry, Gill: Hettangian, Massachusetts
collected by R. Field 1830-1858

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
unclassified
Arachnichnus dehiscens n. sp.
Hitchcock 1858 16 specimens
Saltator caudatus n. sp.
Hitchcock 1858 5 specimens
Lunula obscura
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
Halysichnus laqueatus
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Sphaerapus larvalis
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
Saltator bipedatus
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
Radiolaria - Nassellaria - Lophophaenidae
Trisulcus laqueatus Hitchcock 1862
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
Insecta
Insecta indet. Linnaeus 1758
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
unclassified
Grammepus uniordinatus
Hitchcock 1865 6 specimens
Grammepus erismatus Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 8 specimens
Annelida indet. Lamarck 1809
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Bisulcus undulatus Hitchcock 1862
Hitchcock 1865 3 specimens
Trihamus elegans n. sp. Hitchcock 1862
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Ptilichnus typographus n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858
Ptilichnus anomalus n. gen., n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858
Ptilichnus hydrodromus n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858
Ptilichnus pectinatus n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858
Reptilia
Helcura anguinea n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858
Helcura surgens n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 1 specimen
Helcura caudata Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858
synonym of Helcura littoralis
Tridentipes uncus n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 13 specimens
recombined as Steropoides uncus
Tridentipes uncus Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 6 specimens
recombined as Steropoides uncus
Tridentipes elegans (Hitchcock 1841)
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
recombined as Steropoides elegans
Tridentipes elegantior (Hitchcock 1841)
Hitchcock 1865 4 specimens
recombined as Steropezoum elegantius
Tridentipes sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
synonym of Steropoides
Xiphopeza triplex Hitchcock 1848
Hitchcock 1865 4 specimens
Argoides ? redfieldianum
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Argozoum disparidigitatum Hitchcock 1848
Hitchcock 1858
synonym of Argoides macrodactylus
Ornithichnites minimus n. sp. Hitchcock 1836
recombined as Argoides minimus
Argozoum paridigitatum Hitchcock 1848
Hitchcock 1858 1 specimen
synonym of Argoides minimus
Plesiornis pilulatus n. gen., n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 4 specimens
Gigantitherium minus n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 9 specimens
recombined as Kayentapus minor
Reptilia - Sauropodidae
Sauroidichnites barrattii n. sp. Hitchcock 1837
Lull 1915
recombined as Sauropus barrattii
Reptilia - Eubrontidae
Brontozoum giganteum n. sp. (Hitchcock 1836)
Hitchcock 1858 23 specimens
recombined as Eubrontes giganteus
Otouphepus minor n. sp. Lull 1915
Lull 1915 1 specimen
recombined as Anchisauripus (Otouphepus) minor
Brontozoum approximatum Hitchcock 1865
Hitchcock 1865 10 specimens
recombined as Eubrontes (Brontozoum) approximatus
Grallator cuneatus n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 111 specimens
Grallator formosus Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 10 specimens
    = Grallator ? formosus Hitchcock 1858
Lull 1915
Otouphepus magnificus n. gen., n. sp. Cushman 1904
Cushman 1904 1 specimen
recombined as Grallator magnificus
Hyphepus fieldi n. gen., n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 8 specimens
recombined as Eubrontes fieldi
Brontozoum tuberatum n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 4 specimens
recombined as Eubrontes tuberatus
Brontozoum sillimanium (Hitchcock 1843)
Hitchcock 1865 43 specimens
recombined as Eubrontes sillimani
Brontozoum divaricatum Hitchcock 1865
Hitchcock 1865 9 specimens
recombined as Grallator (Eubrontes) divaricatus
Gigadipus caudatus n. gen., n. sp. Hitchcock 1855
Hitchcock 1855 3 specimens
recombined as Gigandipus caudatus
Ornithoidichnites lyellii n. sp. Hitchcock 1843
Hitchcock 1843 2 specimens
recombined as Eubrontes lyellii
Anomoepus major Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 6 specimens
synonym of Eubrontes lyellii
Grallator cursorius Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 6 specimens
recombined as Eubrontes cursorius
Grallator parallelus (Hitchcock 1837)
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
synonym of Eubrontes cursorius
Brontozoum validum Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 36 specimens
synonym of Anchisauripus tuberosus
Plesiornis mirabilis n. sp. Hitchcock 1865
Lull 1915
synonym of Anchisauripus tuberosus
Brontozoum minusculum n. sp. (Hitchcock 1837)
Hitchcock 1858 11 specimens
recombined as Grallator (Anchisauripus) minusculus
Anchisauripus hitchcocki n. sp. Lull 1904
Lull 1904
recombined as Grallator (Anchisauripus) hitchcocki
Brontozoum exsertum Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 18 specimens
recombined as Anchisauripus exsertus
Reptilia - Anchisauripodidae
Leptonyx lateralis n. sp. Hitchcock 1865
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
recombined as Stenonyx lateralis
Reptilia
Selenichnus falcatus n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
Selenichnus breviusculus Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Anticheiropus hamatus n. sp. Hitchcock 1865
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Harpedactylus rectus Hitchcock 1848
Hitchcock 1848
recombined as Platypterna recta
Platypterna varica Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 8 specimens
Platypterna gracillima n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Platypterna digitigrada Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
Reptilia - Anomoepodidae
Corvipes lacertoideus n. gen., n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 1 specimen
Reptilia - Moyenisauropodidae
Apatichnus holyokensis n. sp. Hitchcock 1889
Hitchcock 1889 1 specimen
synonym of Anomoepus scambus
Anomoepus minor Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 3 specimens
synonym of Anomoepus scambus
Anomoepus gracillimus (Hitchcock 1844)
Lull 1915
synonym of Anomoepus scambus
Anomoepus minimus Hitchcock 1862
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
synonym of Anomoepus scambus
Plesiornis quadrupes Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 1 specimen
synonym of Anomoepus scambus
Apatichnus circumagens Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 15 specimens
synonym of Anomoepus scambus
Anomoepus cuneatus Hitchcock 1889
Hitchcock 1889 1 specimen
synonym of Anomoepus scambus
Anomoepus curvatus n. sp. (Hitchcock 1862)
Hitchcock 1865 5 specimens
synonym of Anomoepus scambus
Reptilia
Harpedactylus crassus n. sp. Hitchcock 1862
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Plectropterna angusta Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 3 specimens
recombined as Tarsoplectrus angustus
Tarsodactylus caudatus n. gen., n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 5 specimens
Reptilia - Batrachopodidae
Macropterna divaricans Hitchcock 1848
Hitchcock 1858 1 specimen
recombined as Palamopus divaricans
Anisopus gracilis (Hitchcock 1845)
Hitchcock 1865 46 specimens
original and current combination Batrachopus gracilis
Anisopus gracilior n. sp. Hitchcock 1862
Hitchcock 1865 19 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus gracilis
Shepardia palmipes Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus gracilis
Apatichnus ? bellus Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
recombined as Batrachopus bellus
Comptichnus obesus n. gen., n. sp. Hitchcock 1865
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus bellus
Anisopus ? deweyanus (Hitchcock 1843)
Hitchcock 1865 5 specimens
recombined as Batrachopus deweyi
Exocampe ornata Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 6 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus deweyi
Exocampe arcta Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858
synonym of Batrachopus deweyi
Antipus flexiloquus n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 10 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus deweyi
Single specimen (AC 41/52 - holotype) containing 11 footprints
Orthodactylus introvergens n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 2 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus deweyi
Macropterna gracilipes n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 3 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus deweyi
Macropterna vulgaris Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 2 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus deweyi
Macropterna ? vulgaris Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus deweyi
Chelonoides incedens n. gen., n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 2 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus deweyi
Orthodactylus floriferus n. gen., n. sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1858 2 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus deweyi
? Macropterna sp. Hitchcock 1848
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
synonym of Batrachopus
Macropterna sp. Hitchcock 1848
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
synonym of Batrachopus
? Arachichnus sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 6 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus
? Anisopus sp. Hitchcock 1848
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
synonym of Batrachopus
Batrachopus dispar n. sp. Lull 1904
Lull 1904 1 specimen
Exocampe sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
synonym of Batrachopus
Reptilia
? Triaenopus sp. Hitchcock 1845
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
unclassified
Plectropterna sp. Hitchcock 1845
Hitchcock 1865 4 specimens
Plectropterna minitans (Hitchcock 1837)
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Plectropterna lineans Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 3 specimens
Plectropterna gracilis Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Coniferophyta indet.
Hitchcock 1865
Cunicularis retrahens
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
misspelling Cunicularius
Unisulcus intermedius
Hitchcock 1865
synonym of Herpystezoum
numerus
Ichnolites - Dipodichnites
Ornithoidichnites isodactyletus n. sp.
Hitchcock 1841
unclassified
Ampelichnus sulcatus Hitchcock 1862
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Hexapodichnus magnus
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Hexapodichnus horreus
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
Bifurculipes sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 8 specimens
Bifurculipes curvatus
Hitchcock 1865 6 specimens
Bifurculipes elachistotatus
Hitchcock 1865 5 specimens
Bifurculipes laqueatus
Hitchcock 1865 11 specimens
Conopsoides curtus n. sp.
Hitchcock 1865 6 specimens
Conopsoides larvalis
Hitchcock 1865 3 specimens
Cochlichnus sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
"n. sp."
Cochlichnus anguineus Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 4 specimens
Sagittarius alternans
Hitchcock 1865 3 specimens
Harpepus capillaris
Hitchcock 1865 3 specimens
Copeza propinquata
Hitchcock 1865 9 specimens
Copeza sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 3 specimens
Copeza cruscularis
Hitchcock 1865 4 specimens
Copeza archimedea
Hitchcock 1865 3 specimens
Copeza punctata
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Copeza triremus
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Pterichnus centipes
Hitchcock 1865 3 specimens
Acanthichnus trilinearis
Hitchcock 1865 2 specimens
Acanthichnus alternans n. sp.
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Acanthichnus saltatorius
Hitchcock 1865 6 specimens
Acanthichnus cursorius
Hitchcock 1865 32 specimens
Acanthichnus sp. Hitchcock 1858
Hitchcock 1865 12 specimens
Acanthichnus aguineus n. sp.
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
Grammichnus alpha Hitchcock 1862
Hitchcock 1865 1 specimen
see common names

Geography
Country:United States State/province:Massachusetts County:Franklin
Coordinates: 42.6° North, 72.5° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:23.3° North, 19.6° West
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Altitude:54 meters
Geographic resolution:outcrop
Time
Period:Jurassic Epoch:Early/Lower Jurassic
Stage:Hettangian 10 m.y. bin:Jurassic 1
Key time interval:Hettangian
Age range of interval:201.30000 - 199.30000 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Geological group:Meriden Formation:Turners Falls
Stratigraphic resolution:group of beds
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:gray,red "shale"
Secondary lithology:micaceous,red sandstone
Includes fossils?Y
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: red and gray 'shale', red micaceous sandstone
Environment:fluvial-lacustrine indet.
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:cast,mold/impression,trace
Degree of concentration:-multiple events
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Spatial orientation:life position
Preservation of anatomical detail:good
Associated major elements:many
Disassociated major elements:many
Temporal resolution:time-averaged
Spatial resolution:autochthonous
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:selective quarrying,surface (in situ),peel or thin section,field collection,observed (not collected)
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Collectors:R. Field Collection dates:1830s-1858
Metadata
Also known as:Barton Cove, Lull 4, Turners Falls
Database number:52986
Authorizer:M. Carrano, R. Butler Enterer:M. Carrano, R. Butler
Modifier:M. Carrano Research group:vertebrate
Created:2005-08-30 10:54:12 Last modified:2018-03-23 16:30:03
Access level:the public Released:2005-08-30 10:54:12
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

14325.ETE E. Hitchcock. 1836. Ornithichnology - description of the foot marks of birds, (Ornithichnites) on new Red Sandstone in Massachusetts. The American Journal of Science and Arts 29(2):307-340 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]

Secondary references:

29539 W. P. Coombs, Jr. 1996. Redescription of the ichnospecies Antipus flexiloquus Hitchcock, from the Early Jurassic of the Connecticut Valley. Journal of Paleontology 70(2):327-331 [R. Butler/R. Butler]
46919 J. B. Cushman. 1904. A new foot-print from the Connecticut Valley. The American Geologist 33:154-156 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
42612 G. Gierlinski. 1996. Feather-like impressions in a theropod resting trace from the Lower Jurassic of Massachusetts. In M. Morales (ed.), The Continental Jurassic. Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 60:179-184 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
30862ETE C. H. Hitchcock. 1865. Appendix [B]. Descriptive catalogue of the specimens in the Hitchcock Ichnological Cabinet of Amherst College. In C. H. Hitchcock (ed.), Supplement to the Ichnology of New England. A Report to the Government of Massachusetts in 1863 43-96 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
30910ETE C. H. Hitchcock. 1889. Recent progress in ichnology. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 24(8):117-127 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
69420 E. Hitchcock. 1841. Final Report on the Geology of Massachusetts xii-831 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
51495 E. Hitchcock. 1843. Description of five new specie of fossil footmarks, from the red sandstone of the valley of the Connecticut River. Reports of the First, Second, and Third Meetings of the Association of American Geologists and Naturalists 1843:254-264 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
30909 E. Hitchcock. 1848. An attempt to discriminate and describe the animals that made the fossil footmarks of the United States, and especially of New England. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, new series 3:129-256 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
23643ETE E. Hitchcock. 1855. Shark remains from the Coal Formation of Illinois, and bones and tracks from the Connecticut River Sandstone. The American Journal of Science and Arts, series 2 20(60):416-417 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
29531ETE E. Hitchcock. 1858. Ichnology of New England. A Report on the Sandstone of the Connecticut Valley, Especially its Fossil Footmarks, Made to the Government of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts xii-214 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
30860ETE E. Hitchcock. 1865. Supplement to the ichnology of New England. In C. H. Hitchcock (ed.), Supplement to the Ichnology of New England. A Report to the Government of Massachusetts in 1863 1-37 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
15230ETE R. S. Lull. 1904. Fossil footprints of the Jura-Trias of North America. Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History 5(11):461-557 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
14628ETE R. S. Lull. 1915. Triassic life of the Connecticut Valley. State of Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 24:1-285 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
12314ETE R. S. Lull. 1933. A revision of the Ceratopsia or horned dinosaurs. Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 3(3):1-175 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
14321ETE R. S. Lull. 1953. Triassic life of the Connecticut Valley (revised). State of Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 81:1-336 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
53034 B. S. Lyman. 1894. Some New Red horizons. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 33:192-215 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
18113ETE P. E. Olsen and E. C. Rainforth. 2003. The Early Jurassic ornithischian dinosaurian ichnogenus Anomoepus. In P. M. LeTourneau & P. E. Olsen (ed.), The Great Rift Valleys of Pangea in Eastern North America, Volume 2: Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, and Paleontology 314-368 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
29540 E. C. Rainforth. 2006. Antipus flexiloquus – the earliest pterosaur tracks from North America?. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 38(2):82 [R. Butler/R. Butler]