Marfells Beach, dune deposits (Holocene of New Zealand)

Also known as Lake Grassmere, Marlborough

Where: New Zealand (41.7° S, 174.2° E: paleocoordinates 41.7° S, 174.2° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• between 600 and 1500 years BP

Environment/lithology: dune; siliciclastic sediments

• Dunes in a beach setting

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: T. H. Worthy. 1998. A remarkable fossil and archaeological avifauna from Marfells Beach, Lake Grassmere, South Island, New Zealand. Records of the Canterbury Museum 12:79-176 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 100554: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 10.12.2010, edited by Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Sterna striata, "Sterna caspia" = Hydroprogne caspia, "Sterna nereis" = Sternula nereis, "Sterna albostriata" = Chlidonias albostriatus, Larus spp., Larus dominicanus
Sterna striata Gmelin 1789 white-fronted tern
"Sterna caspia" = Hydroprogne caspia Pallas 1770 Caspian tern
"Sterna nereis" = Sternula nereis Gould 1843 fairy tern
"Sterna albostriata" = Chlidonias albostriatus Gray 1845 black-fronted tern
Larus spp. Linnaeus 1758 gull
Larus scopulinus/bulleri
Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein 1823 kelp gull
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Limosa lapponica Linnaeus 1758 bar-tailed godwit
Coenocorypha cf. aucklandica Gray 1845 subantarctic snipe
 Charadriiformes - Haematopodidae
Haematopus unicolor Forster 1841 variable oystercatcher
Haematopus ostralegus Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian oystercatcher
 Charadriiformes - Charadriidae
Anarhynchus frontalis Quoy and Gaimard 1830 wrybill
Charadrius bicinctus Jardine and Selby 1827 double-banded plover
Charadrius obscurus Gmelin 1789 red-breasted dotterel
 Charadriiformes - Stercorariidae
Stercorarius parasiticus Linnaeus 1758 parasitic jaeger
 Charadriiformes - Recurvirostridae
Himantopus novaezelandiae Gould 1841 black stilt
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Phasianus colchicus Linnaeus 1758 ring-necked pheasant
Coturnix novaezelandiae Quoy and Gaimard 1830 New Zealand quail
Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus 1758 wild turkey
Gallus gallus Linnaeus 1758 chicken
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Euryanas finschi Van Beneden 1875 Finsch's duck
Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos Gmelin 1789 blue duck
Tadorna variegata Gmelin 1789 paradise shelduck
Cygnus sumnerensis2 Forbes 1889 swan
Biziura delautouri Forbes 1891 New Zealand musk duck
Mergus australis Hombron and Jacquinot 1841 Auckland Islands merganser
Aythya novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 New Zealand scaup
Anas superciliosa Gmelin 1789 Pacific black duck
Anas gracilis Buller 1869 gray teal
Anas chlorotis Gray 1845 brown teal
Malacorhynchus scarletti Olson 1977 Scarlett's duck
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Falco novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1788 New Zealand falcon
 Falconiformes -
Harpagornis moorei Haast 1872 Haast's eagle
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies Gray 1844 laughing owl
Ninox novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1788 southern boobook
 Psittaciformes - Strigopidae
Nestor meridionalis, "Strigops habroptilus" = Strigops habroptila
Nestor meridionalis Gmelin 1788 New Zealand kaka
"Strigops habroptilus" = Strigops habroptila Gray 1845 kakapo
 Psittaciformes - Psittaculidae
Cyanoramphus spp. Bonaparte 1854 parrot
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 New Zealand pigeon
 Cuculiformes - Cuculidae
"Eudynamys taitensis" = Urodynamis taitensis
"Eudynamys taitensis" = Urodynamis taitensis Sparrman 1787 long-tailed koel
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus moriorum Forbes 1892 Chatham Islands raven
 Passeriformes - Fringillidae
Carduelis carduelis Linnaeus 1758 European goldfinch
 Passeriformes - Locustellidae
"Bowdleria punctata" = Megalurus punctatus
"Bowdleria punctata" = Megalurus punctatus Quoy and Gaimard 1830 fernbird
 Passeriformes - Callaeidae
"Callaeas cinerea" = Callaeas cinereus Gmelin 1789 South Island kokako
Philesturnus carunculatus Gmelin 1789 South Island saddleback
 Passeriformes - Meliphagidae
Anthornis melanura Sparrman 1786 New Zealand bellbird
 Passeriformes - Sturnidae
Sturnus vulgaris Linnaeus 1758 European starling
 Passeriformes - Oriolidae
Turnagra capensis Sparrman 1787 South Island piopio
 Passeriformes - Petroicidae
Petroica australis Sparrman 1788 New Zealand robin
 Passeriformes - Turdidae
Turdus philomelos Brehm 1831 song thrush
 Passeriformes - Mohouidae
Mohoua ochrocephala Gmelin 1789 yellowhead
Mohoua novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 pipipi
 Passeriformes - Motacillidae
Anthus novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 Australasian pipit
 Gruiformes -
Aptornis defossor Owen 1871 bird
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Gallinula hodgenorum Scarlett 1955 Hodgen's rail
Gallirallus australis Sparrman 1786 weka
Fulica prisca Hamilton 1893 New Zealand coot
Porphyrio hochstetteri Meyer 1883 South Island takahe
Porphyrio porphyrio Linnaeus 1758 western swamphen
 Podicipediformes - Podicipedidae
Poliocephalus rufopectus Gray 1843 New Zealand grebe
Podiceps cristatus Linnaeus 1758 great crested grebe
 Procellariiformes - Oceanitidae
Pelagodroma marina Latham 1790 white-faced storm-petrel
 Procellariiformes - Diomedeidae
"Diomedea cauta" = Thalassarche cauta
"Diomedea cauta" = Thalassarche cauta Gould 1841 white-capped albatross
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Pachyptila vittata Forster 1777 broad-billed prion
Pachyptila turtur Kuhl 1820 fairy prion
Pelecanoides urinatrix Gmelin 1789 common diving-petrel
Macronectes spp. Richmond 1905 giant petrel
Macronectes halli/giganteus
Puffinus spp. Brisson 1760 shearwater
Puffinus gavia/huttoni
Pterodroma cookii Gray 1843 Cook's petrel
Pterodroma inexpectata Forster 1844 mottled petrel
Procellaria aequinoctialis Linnaeus 1758 white-chinned petrel
"Puffinus griseus" = Ardenna grisea Gmelin 1789 sooty shearwater
"Puffinus tenuirostris" = Ardenna tenuirostris Temminck 1823 short-tailed shearwater
 Pelecaniformes - Pelecanidae
Pelecanus conspicillatus Temminck 1824 Australian pelican
 Apterygiformes - Apterygidae
Apteryx "sp. juv." Huxley 1867 kiwi
Apteryx australis Shaw 1813 southern brown kiwi
 Dinornithiformes - Emeidae
Euryapteryx geranoides Owen 1848 Mantell's moa
Emeus crassus Owen 1846 eastern moa
? Pachyornis elephantopus Owen 1856 heavy-footed moa
 Dinornithiformes - Dinornithidae
Dinornis giganteus Owen 1844 bird
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Circus eylesi Scarlett 1953 Eyles's harrier
Circus approximans Peale 1848 swamp harrier
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocoracidae indet. Reichenbach 1850 cormorant
P. carbo/varius/Leucocarbo carunculatus
Phalacrocorax spp. Brisson 1760 cormorant
Phalacrocorax carbo/varius
Phalacrocorax carbo Linnaeus 1758 great cormorant
Phalacrocorax varius Gmelin 1789 pied cormorant
"Leucocarbo carunculatus" = Phalacrocorax carunculatus Gmelin 1789 New Zealand king shag
"Stictocarbo punctatus" = Phalacrocorax punctatus Sparrman 1786 spotted shag
"Phalacrocorax melanoleucos" = Microcarbo melanoleucos Vieillot 1817 little pied cormorant
 Suliformes - Sulidae
? Morus serrator Gray 1843 Australasian gannet
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus Gray 1845 Fiordland penguin
Eudyptula minor Forster 1781 little penguin
Megadyptes waitaha n. sp.1 Boessenkool et al. 2009 Waitaha penguin