Vishnevaya Balka creek, Karagan, Stavropol (PIN collection 254) (Miocene of Russian Federation)

Where: Russian Federation (45.1° N, 42.3° E: paleocoordinates 45.5° N, 41.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Karagan Formation, Middle Miocene (16.0 - 11.6 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine; lithified, carbonaceous shale

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Collected by B.F. Kaspiev in 1938; reposited in the PIN

Primary reference: Y. P. Nekrutenko. 1965. Tertiary nymphalid butterflies and some phylogenetic aspects of systematic lepidopterology. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 4(3):149-158 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 105571: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Jered Karr on 22.02.2011, edited by Matthew Clapham and Lindy Edwards

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Derbidae
Mysidioides migdisovae n. sp.1 Emeljanov 2002 planthopper
PIN 254/239
 Hemiptera - Aphididae
Eutrichosiphum europaeum13 Wegierek and Peñalver 2002 aphid
PIN 254/2940
 Orthoptera - Gryllidae
Paroecanthus caucasicus n. gen. n. sp.11
Paroecanthus caucasicus n. gen. n. sp.11 Sharov 1968 true crickets
PIN 254/2577
 Coleoptera - Nitidulidae
"Lasiodactylus caucasicus n. sp." = Phenolia (Lasiodites) caucasicus2
"Lasiodactylus caucasicus n. sp." = Phenolia (Lasiodites) caucasicus2 Kirejtshuk 1990 sap beetle
PIN 254/1794
 Coleoptera - Dytiscidae
Copelatus spp.10 Erichson 1832 predaceous diving beetle
PIN 254/1654, 1711
Copelatus ponomarenkoi n. sp.10 Říha 1974 predaceous diving beetle
PIN 254/1734, 1733
Copelatus stavropolitanus n. sp.10 Říha 1974 predaceous diving beetle
PIN 254/1743
Copelatus fossilis n. sp.10 Říha 1974 predaceous diving beetle
PIN 254/1623
? Graphoderus mirabilis n. sp.10 Říha 1974 predaceous diving beetle
PIN 254/1607
Cybister fractus n. sp.10 Říha 1974 predaceous diving beetle
PIN 254/1626
Colymbetes sp.10 Schellenberg 1806 predaceous diving beetle
PIN 254/1758
Colymbetes miocaenicus n. sp.10 Říha 1974 predaceous diving beetle
PIN 254/2673
Hydroporus lapideus n. sp.10 Říha 1974 predaceous diving beetle
PIN 254/1715
Methles caucasicus n. sp.10 Říha 1974 predaceous diving beetle
PIN 254/1676
 Diptera - Tephritidae
"? Pseudacidia clotho n. sp." = Myoleja clotho3
"? Pseudacidia clotho n. sp." = Myoleja clotho3 Korneyev 1982 fruit fly
PIN 254/724 (PIN 252/724 is error?)
 Diptera - Trichoceridae
Trichocera sp.5 Meigen 1803 winter crane fly
PIN 254/264
Paracladura caucasiana n. sp.5 Krzemińska et al. 2009 winter crane fly
PIN 254/697
 Diptera - Limoniidae
Helius verticillis n. sp.6 Krzemiński 2002 crane fly
PIN 254/2507, 816, 932
Helius stavropolensis n. sp.6 Krzemiński 2002 crane fly
PIN 254/231, 278, 764, 288, 650
Helius miocenicus n. sp.6 Krzemiński 2002 crane fly
PIN 254/833, 170a, 170b, 135, 322, 337, 533, 590, 598, 612, 821, 1079, 1442, 1580, 2301
Toxorhina (Ceratocheilus) caucasiensis n. sp.7 Krzemiński and Freiwald 1991 crane fly
PIN 254/671, 275
 Lepidoptera -
"Xyleutites miocenicus n. gen. n. sp." = Noctuites miocenicus4
"Xyleutites miocenicus n. gen. n. sp." = Noctuites miocenicus4 Kozhanchikov 1957 moth
PIN 254/182
 Lepidoptera - Nymphalidae
"Vanessa karaganica n. sp." = Aglais karaganica, "Pyrameis fossilis n. sp." = Vanessa fossilis
"Vanessa karaganica n. sp." = Aglais karaganica Nekrutenko 1965 brush-footed butterfly
PIN 254/2936a
"Pyrameis fossilis n. sp." = Vanessa fossilis Nekrutenko 1965 brush-footed butterfly
PIN 254/2753
 Trichoptera - Limnephilidae
Limnephilus kaspievi12 Martynova 1939 caddisfly
PIN 254/256, 651, 813, 958, 1010, 1212, 1262, 1264, 1268, 1269, 1271, 1272, 1273, 1275, 1276, 1277, 1278, 1281, 1313, 1359, 1955, 1351, 3041, 3186; presumably includes specimens from Temnolesskaya
 Odonata - Sieblosiidae
Stenolestes fasciata n. sp.9 Nel et al. 2005 damselfly
PIN 254/3192
Miostenolestes zherikhini n. gen. n. sp.9 Nel et al. 2005 damselfly
PIN 254/2169
Paraoligolestes stavropolensis n. sp.9 Nel et al. 2005 damselfly
PIN 254/2171, 2202
 Odonata - Aeshnidae
Aeshna stavropolensis n. sp.8 Nel et al. 2005 hawker dragonfly
PIN 254/2148
 Odonata - Libellulidae
Pantalinae indet.8 common skimmer
PIN 254/2163, 2198
Sympetrum sp.8 Newman 1833 common skimmer
PIN 254/2141