Löwenstein, Affaltrach (Triassic of Germany)

Also known as Belodon type locality

Where: Baden-Württemberg, Germany (49.1° N, 9.4° E: paleocoordinates 32.2° N, 10.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Löwenstein Formation (Keuper Group), Norian (228.0 - 208.5 Ma)

• Stratigraphic levels of collections within Löwenstein Formation are unclear (Hungerbühler 1998)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: dry floodplain; coarse-grained sandstone

• "widespread sand accumulations deposited rapidly and repeatedly by sheet floods on a playa plain"

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by von Hügel in 1850; reposited in the SMNS

• GPIT: Paläontologische Sammlung der Universität Tübingen

•At least three distinct collections represented: the syntypes (lost) of Belodon plieningeri, the von Hügel collection (some of which is now held at SMNS) and a collection of material in Tübingen (GPIT) (see Hungerbühler 1998: 374–378)

Primary reference: M. J. Benton and R. Wild. 1994. Localities in Baden-Württemberg that have yielded Late Triassic terrestrial tetrapod remains. Paleontologia Lombarda, Nuova Serie 2:35-38 [R. Butler/R. Butler/R. Butler]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 105834: authorized by Richard Butler, entered by Richard Butler on 26.02.2011

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Pseudosuchia -
Aetosauria indet.1 Lydekker 1889 archosaur
GPIT 2207,008, 2206,002 10 fragments of osteoderms
 Pseudosuchia - Stagonolepididae
Paratypothorax sp.1 Long and Ballew 1985 archosaur
GPIT 2202,000, 2204,000, 2205,000, osteoderms
 Phytosauria -
Phytosauria indet.1 Jaeger 1828 archosaur
GPIT 2093,001, mandibular fragment, SMNS uncat. no 8
 Phytosauria - Parasuchidae
Nicrosaurus kapffi1 Meyer 1860 archosaur
SMNS 54708, anterior left premaxilla (paralectotype)
cf. Nicrosaurus kapffi1 Meyer 1860 archosaur
Fragmentary upper jaw
 Phytosauria -
Belodon plieningeri n. gen. n. sp.2
Belodon plieningeri n. gen. n. sp.2 Meyer 1844 archosaur
Jaw fragment with tooth in place, isolated tooth