Durlston Bay, Lower Purbeck, Swanage (Brodie coll.) (Cretaceous of the United Kingdom)

Also known as Durdlestone Bay

Where: England, United Kingdom (50.6° N, 2.0° W: paleocoordinates 41.5° N, 7.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Lulworth Formation (Purbeck Group), Early/Lower Berriasian (145.0 - 140.2 Ma)

• Westwood (1854) cited S. priscum as having been collected from the Middle Purbecks of Durlston Bay, but the lithology of the specimen is a cream limestone containing fusainised plant debris, which is typical of the insect-bearing horizons in the Hard and Soft Cockle beds of the Lulworth Formation (Clements 1993) and which are regarded as Berriasian (Lower Cretaceous) in age (Rasnitsyn et al. 1998)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lagoonal or restricted shallow subtidal; lithified limestone

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Collected by Rev. P.B. Brodie in 1840-1853; reposited in the BMNH

Primary reference: J. O. Westwood. 1854. Contributions to fossil entomology. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 10:378-396 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 105966: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 27.02.2011, edited by Jered Karr and Roger Benson

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Serpentivenidae
Cercopidium mimas n. sp. Westwood 1854 true bug
 Hemiptera - Palaeontinidae
Cyllonium hewitsonianum n. sp. Westwood 1854 true bug
 Hemiptera - Archijassidae
"Cercopidium signoretii n. sp." = Homopterulum signoretii
"Cercopidium signoretii n. sp." = Homopterulum signoretii Westwood 1854 true bug
 Hemiptera -
"Cercopidium trigonale n. sp." = Anacoloptera trigonalis1, Dimeropterum westwoodi n. gen. n. sp.3
"Cercopidium trigonale n. sp." = Anacoloptera trigonalis1 Giebel 1856 true bug
"Cimicdeous" in Pl 18, fig 4
Dimeropterum westwoodi n. gen. n. sp.3 Handlirsch 1906 true bug
"Cimicideous" in Pl 18, fig 29
 Hemiptera - Notonectidae
Nepidium stolones6 Westwood 1854 true bug
BMNH In. 12480 (not Westwood's holotype)
 Hemiptera - Archegocimicidae
Tyrion cersei n. sp.8
Tyrion cersei n. sp.8 Ryzhkova and Coram 2016 shore bug
NHM I.12319
 Hemiptera -
"Cercopidium hahnii n. sp." = Homopteron hahni
"Cercopidium hahnii n. sp." = Homopteron hahni Westwood 1854 true bug
 Blattodea - Mesoblattinidae
"Rithma morrisi n. sp." = Mesoblattina symyrus1, "Aporoblattina exigua n. sp." = Mesoblattina exigua10, "Rithma murchisoni n. sp." = Mesoblattina murchisoni1, "Blattidium symyrus n. sp." = Blattidium symyrus, "Blattidium nogaus n. sp." = Blattidium symyrus, Rithma purbeccensis n. sp.1
"Rithma morrisi n. sp." = Mesoblattina symyrus1 Westwood 1854 cockroach
"Orthopterous" in Pl 18, fig 34
"Aporoblattina exigua n. sp." = Mesoblattina exigua10 Scudder 1886 cockroach
"Orthopterous" in Pl 18, fig 38
"Rithma murchisoni n. sp." = Mesoblattina murchisoni1 Giebel 1856 cockroach
Blattidae in Pl 18, fig 43
"Blattidium symyrus n. sp." = Blattidium symyrus Westwood 1854 cockroach
"Blattidium nogaus n. sp." = Blattidium symyrus Westwood 1854 cockroach
Rithma purbeccensis n. sp.1 Giebel 1856 cockroach
Blattidae in Pl 18, fig 32
 Dicondylia - Neoblattariae
Aporoblattina westwoodi n. sp.10 Scudder 1886 cockroach
Phryganeidae in Pl 18, fig 28
 Dicondylia -
"? Phasmoidea indet." = Phasmatodea3
"? Phasmoidea indet." = Phasmatodea3 Jacobson and Bianchi 1902 stick insect
"Orthopterous" in Pl 18, fig 34
 Orthoptera -
Grylloidea indet.2 Laicharting 1781 grasshopper
BMNH I. 12315, 12532
 Orthoptera - Prophalangopsidae
Agrionidium aetna n. gen. n. sp., "Blattidium achelous n. sp." = Mesogryllus achelous
Agrionidium aetna n. gen. n. sp. Westwood 1854 hump-winged cricket
"Blattidium achelous n. sp." = Mesogryllus achelous Westwood 1854 hump-winged cricket
BMNH I. 12302
 Orthoptera - Elcanidae
"? Elcana westwoodi n. sp." = Panorpidium westwoodi3
"? Elcana westwoodi n. sp." = Panorpidium westwoodi3 Handlirsch 1906 grasshopper
"Neuropterous" allied to Sialis in Pl 18, fig 37
 Hymenoptera -
Amitchellia brevis n. sp.7, Myrmicium heerii n. gen. n. sp.
Amitchellia brevis n. sp.7 Rasnitsyn and Jarzembowski 1998 wasp
NHM I.12509
Myrmicium heerii n. gen. n. sp. Westwood 1854 winged insect
NHM I 3990
 Coleoptera -
Curculium syrichthus n. sp., "Chrysomela ignota n. sp." = Prophasis ignota1, "Chrysomela dubia n. sp." = Prophasis dubia1, "Coccinella neptuni n. sp." = Semiglobus neptuni1, Semiglobus jurassicus n. gen. n. sp.3, Helopium agabus n. sp., "Cymindis beyrichi n. sp." = Coleopteron beyrichi1, "Curculionites westwoodi n. sp." = Bothroptera westwoodi1, "Harpalus knorri n. sp." = Pantodapus knorri1, "Harpalus ewaldi n. sp." = Pantodapus ewaldi1
Curculium syrichthus n. sp. Westwood 1854 beetle
"Chrysomela ignota n. sp." = Prophasis ignota1 Giebel 1856 beetle
Elytron in Pl 16, fig 15
"Chrysomela dubia n. sp." = Prophasis dubia1 Giebel 1856 beetle
Elytron in Pl 16, fig 24
"Coccinella neptuni n. sp." = Semiglobus neptuni1 Giebel 1856 beetle
Coccinellidae? in Pl 16, fig 9
Semiglobus jurassicus n. gen. n. sp.3 Handlirsch 1906 beetle
Coccinellidae? in Pl 16, fig 8
Helopium agabus n. sp. Westwood 1854 beetle
"Cymindis beyrichi n. sp." = Coleopteron beyrichi1 Giebel 1856 beetle
Elytron in Pl 16, fig 16
"Curculionites westwoodi n. sp." = Bothroptera westwoodi1 Giebel 1856 beetle
"Elytron" in Pl 16, fig 12
"Harpalus knorri n. sp." = Pantodapus knorri1 Giebel 1856 beetle
Elytron in Pl 16, fig 20
"Harpalus ewaldi n. sp." = Pantodapus ewaldi1 Giebel 1856 beetle
Elytron in Pl 16, fig 21
 Coleoptera - Buprestidae
Ctenicerium hylastes n. sp., "Ctenicerium blissus n. sp." = Ctenicerium blissus, "Buprestium dardanus n. sp." = Ctenicerium blissus, "Buprestium stygnus n. sp." = Ctenicerium stygnus, Ctenicerium gigas n. sp.3, "Buprestium valgus n. sp." = Ctenicerium valgus, Agrilium cyllabacus n. sp., Agrilium stomphax n. sp., Agrilium cyllarus n. sp., Agrilium strombus n. sp., "Elaterium barypus n. sp." = Paragrilium barypus, Parabuprestium pseudocarabus n. sp.3
Ctenicerium hylastes n. sp. Westwood 1854 jewel beetle
"Ctenicerium blissus n. sp." = Ctenicerium blissus Westwood 1854 jewel beetle
"Buprestium dardanus n. sp." = Ctenicerium blissus Westwood 1854 jewel beetle
"Buprestium stygnus n. sp." = Ctenicerium stygnus Westwood 1854 jewel beetle
Ctenicerium gigas n. sp.3 Handlirsch 1906 jewel beetle
Buprestium stygnus var.
"Buprestium valgus n. sp." = Ctenicerium valgus Westwood 1854 jewel beetle
Agrilium cyllabacus n. sp. Westwood 1854 jewel beetle
Agrilium stomphax n. sp. Westwood 1854 jewel beetle
Agrilium cyllarus n. sp. Westwood 1854 jewel beetle
Agrilium strombus n. sp. Westwood 1854 jewel beetle
"Elaterium barypus n. sp." = Paragrilium barypus Westwood 1854 jewel beetle
Parabuprestium pseudocarabus n. sp.3 Handlirsch 1906 jewel beetle
"Carabideous" in Pl 16, fig 10
 Coleoptera - Elateridae
"Elaterium triopas n. sp." = Micrelaterium triopas, Elaterium pronaeus n. sp.
"Elaterium triopas n. sp." = Micrelaterium triopas Westwood 1854 click beetle
Elaterium pronaeus n. sp. Westwood 1854 click beetle
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Carabidium dejeanianum n. gen. n. sp., Metagrilium westwoodi n. gen. n. sp.3
Carabidium dejeanianum n. gen. n. sp. Westwood 1854 ground beetle
Metagrilium westwoodi n. gen. n. sp.3 Handlirsch 1906 ground beetle
"Carabideous" in Pl 16, fig 1
 Coleoptera -
Halticophana westwoodi n. gen. n. sp.3, Helopidium neoridas n. sp., "Chrysomela dunkeri n. sp." = Helopidium dunkeri1, ? Helopidium dubium n. sp.3, "Prionus antiquus n. sp." = Prionophana antiqua1, "Hydroporus neptuni n. sp." = Hydroporopsis neptuni1, "Carabus westwoodii n. sp." = Diatarastus westwoodi1, "Lamia schroeteri n. sp." = Lamiophanes schroeteri1, Epomenus rugosus n. gen. n. sp.3, Pseudus purbeccensis n. gen. n. sp.3, ? Tentyridium dilatatum n. sp.3
Halticophana westwoodi n. gen. n. sp.3 Handlirsch 1906 beetle
"Chrysomelideous" in Pl 18, fig 12
Helopidium neoridas n. sp. Westwood 1854 beetle
"Chrysomela dunkeri n. sp." = Helopidium dunkeri1 Giebel 1856 beetle
Elytra, united in Pl 16, fig 26
? Helopidium dubium n. sp.3 Handlirsch 1906 beetle
Elytron in Pl 16, fig 27
"Prionus antiquus n. sp." = Prionophana antiqua1 Giebel 1856 beetle
"Buprestidae" in Pl 16, fig 29
"Hydroporus neptuni n. sp." = Hydroporopsis neptuni1 Giebel 1856 beetle
"Elytron" in Pl 16, fig 28
"Carabus westwoodii n. sp." = Diatarastus westwoodi1 Giebel 1856 beetle
Carabideous? in Pl 16, fig 30
"Lamia schroeteri n. sp." = Lamiophanes schroeteri1 Giebel 1856 beetle
Elytron in Pl 16, fig 18
Epomenus rugosus n. gen. n. sp.3 Handlirsch 1906 beetle
Elytron in Pl 16, fig 14
Pseudus purbeccensis n. gen. n. sp.3 Handlirsch 1906 beetle
Elytron in Pl 16, fig 7
? Tentyridium dilatatum n. sp.3 Handlirsch 1906 beetle
"Elytron" in Pl 16, fig 17
 Coleoptera - Cupedidae
"Curculionites tuberculatus n. sp." = Zygadenia tuberculata1
"Curculionites tuberculatus n. sp." = Zygadenia tuberculata1 Giebel 1856 reticulated beetle
NHM In. 11959; "Curculionidae" in Pl 16, fig 33
 Diptera - Anisopodidae
"Thiras westwoodi n. sp." = Pseudadonia fittoni1
"Thiras westwoodi n. sp." = Pseudadonia fittoni1 Brodie 1845 wood gnat
"Tipulideous" in Pl 18, fig 20
 Diptera - Ptychopteridae
? Brodilka sp.4 Lukashevich et al. 2001 phantom crane fly
NHM In. 12575
 Trichoptera -
Phryganeidium pytho n. sp. Westwood 1854 caddisfly
 Neuroptera - Nymphidae
Sialium sipylus n. gen. n. sp.
Sialium sipylus n. gen. n. sp. Westwood 1854 split-footed lacewing
NHM Pal.I.13951
 Neuroptera - Psychopsidae
Pterinoblattina penna n. sp.9 Scudder 1885 silky lacewing
NHM I 12324
 Neuroptera - Osmylidae
"Pterinoblattina binneyi n. sp." = Osmylopsis duplicata10
"Pterinoblattina binneyi n. sp." = Osmylopsis duplicata10 Giebel 1856 lance lacewing
NHM Pal.I.13954 ("Orthopterous" in Pl 18, fig 42)
  -
Cercopidium schaefferi n. sp. Westwood 1854 insect
Lygaeites priscus n. sp.1 Giebel 1856 insect
Cimicdeous? in Pl 18, fig 11
Mammalia
 Theriiformes - Spalacotheriidae
Spalacotherium tricuspidens n. gen. n. sp.5 Owen 1854 mammal
BMNH 46019, holotype mandible