Grassel, Braunschweig (Jurassic of Germany)

Where: Niedersachsen, Germany (52.4° N, 10.6° E: paleocoordinates 41.6° N, 17.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Posidonia Shale Formation, Early/Lower Toarcian (183.0 - 182.0 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: offshore; lithified mudstone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Collection methods: Specimens deposited in Geol. Landesmuseum, Berlin

Primary reference: A. Bode. 1953. Die Insektenfauna des Ostniedersachsischen Oberen Lias. Palaeontographica Abteilung A 103:1-375 [M. Clapham/J. Karr]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 107321: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Jered Karr on 04.04.2011, edited by Zachary Newman

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
  -
Agmatozoon articulatum Bode 1953 insect
 Hemiptera - Fulgoridiidae
Elasmoscelidium rectemarginatum, Elasmoscelidium promotum, Fulgoridium sp., "Fulgoridium (Procerofulgoridium) verticillatum" = Procerofulgoridium verticillatum, "Tetragonidium parallelogramma" = Tetrafulgoria parallelogramma, "Fulgoridium (Productofulgoridium) filiferum" = Productofulgoridium filiferum, Margaroptilon formosum, "Fulgoridium (Compactofulgoridium) fronterotundum" = Compactofulgoridium fronterotundum, "Fulgoridium (Compactofulgoridium) obesum" = Compactofulgoridium obesum
Elasmoscelidium rectemarginatum Bode 1953 planthopper
Elasmoscelidium promotum Bode 1953 planthopper
Fulgoridium sp. Handlirsch 1906 planthopper
"Fulgoridium (Procerofulgoridium) verticillatum" = Procerofulgoridium verticillatum Bode 1953 planthopper
"Tetragonidium parallelogramma" = Tetrafulgoria parallelogramma Bode 1953 planthopper
"Fulgoridium (Productofulgoridium) filiferum" = Productofulgoridium filiferum Bode 1953 planthopper
Margaroptilon formosum Bode 1953 planthopper
"Fulgoridium (Compactofulgoridium) fronterotundum" = Compactofulgoridium fronterotundum Bode 1953 planthopper
"Fulgoridium (Compactofulgoridium) obesum" = Compactofulgoridium obesum Bode 1953 planthopper
 Hemiptera - Procercopidae
Procercopis lacerata Bode 1953 froghopper
 Hemiptera - Pachymeridiidae
Adelocoris ambiguus Bode 1953 true bug
Stiphroschema longealatum Bode 1953 true bug
 Hemiptera - Archegocimicidae
Megalocoris laticlavus Bode 1953 shore bug
Corynecoris occultatus Bode 1953 shore bug
Ensphingocoris parvulus Bode 1953 shore bug
 Blattaria - Raphidiomimidae
"Ptyctoblattina completa n. sp." = Liadoblattina blakei, Ptyctoblattina simplicior n. sp.
"Ptyctoblattina completa n. sp." = Liadoblattina blakei Scudder 1886 cockroach
Ptyctoblattina simplicior n. sp. Bode 1953 cockroach
 Phasmatodea - Aerophasmidae
"Chresmodella culminecontracta n. sp." = Schesslitziella integra
"Chresmodella culminecontracta n. sp." = Schesslitziella integra Bode 1953 stick insect
 Orthoptera - Protogryllidae
Protogryllus formosus n. sp. Bode 1953 grasshopper
Protogryllus formosus Bode 1953 grasshopper
 Orthoptera - Elcanidae
"Elcana prominens" = Panorpidium media, "Elcana infralaesa n. sp." = Panorpidium media, "Elcana rescripta n. sp." = Panorpidium media, "Elcana varia n. sp." = Panorpidium media, "Elcana hildesiana n. sp." = Panorpidium geinitzi, "Elcana dilatata n. sp." = Panorpidium geinitzi, "Elcana novemmaculata n. sp." = Panorpidium minima, "Elcana incurvata n. sp." = Panorpidium minima, "Elcana planta n. sp." = Panorpidium minima
"Elcana prominens" = Panorpidium media Handlirsch 1906 grasshopper
"Elcana infralaesa n. sp." = Panorpidium media Handlirsch 1906 grasshopper
"Elcana rescripta n. sp." = Panorpidium media Handlirsch 1906 grasshopper
"Elcana varia n. sp." = Panorpidium media Handlirsch 1906 grasshopper
"Elcana hildesiana n. sp." = Panorpidium geinitzi Heer 1880 grasshopper
"Elcana dilatata n. sp." = Panorpidium geinitzi Heer 1880 grasshopper
"Elcana novemmaculata n. sp." = Panorpidium minima Handlirsch 1906 grasshopper
"Elcana incurvata n. sp." = Panorpidium minima Handlirsch 1906 grasshopper
"Elcana planta n. sp." = Panorpidium minima Handlirsch 1906 grasshopper
 Coleoptera -
Pholipheron articulatus Bode 1953 beetle
Grasselites pusillus Bode 1953 beetle
Omogongylus ovatus Bode 1953 beetle
Metanastes denudatus Bode 1953 beetle
Diatrypamene angulocollis Bode 1953 beetle
"Aptilotus capitecarens" = Aptilotitus capitecarens Bode 1953 beetle
Rhomaleus ornatus Bode 1953 beetle
 Coleoptera - Trachypachidae
"Mesalocistus constrictus" = Prosynactus gracilis, "Euenarthrus mandibulatus" = Prosynactus scissus, "Liassocarabites praefrictus" = Prosynactus scissus, "Megelytrites mutilatus" = Prosynactus scissus
"Mesalocistus constrictus" = Prosynactus gracilis Bode 1953 false ground beetle
"Euenarthrus mandibulatus" = Prosynactus scissus Bode 1953 false ground beetle
"Liassocarabites praefrictus" = Prosynactus scissus Bode 1953 false ground beetle
"Megelytrites mutilatus" = Prosynactus scissus Bode 1953 false ground beetle
 Coleoptera -
Scalopoides inscissus Bode 1953 beetle
"Perosoma praecisum" = Peridosoma praecisum Bode 1953 beetle
Diplocelides minutus Bode 1953 beetle
Tripsalis praecisa Bode 1953 beetle
Trochiscites capitapertus Bode 1953 beetle
Gastroratus dispertitus Bode 1953 beetle
Brachylaimon striatus Bode 1953 beetle
Pleuralocista insculpta Bode 1953 beetle
"Loxoncus striatulus" = Mesoncus striatulus Bode 1953 beetle
 Mecoptera - Bittacidae
"Polydicrobittacus lingula" = Parabittacus lingula, Haplobittacus parvus
"Polydicrobittacus lingula" = Parabittacus lingula Bode 1953 hangingfly
Haplobittacus parvus Bode 1953 hangingfly
 Mecoptera - Orthophlebiidae
Orthophlebia latipennisimilis Bode 1953 scorpionfly
Parorthophlebia grasselensis Bode 1953 scorpionfly
 Mecoptera - Pseudopolycentropodidae
Pseudopolycentropus obtusus Bode 1953 scorpionfly
 Diptera -
 Diptera - Protorhyphidae
 Diptera - Heterorhyphidae
"Heterorhyphus latus" = Heterorhyphus anomalus Handlirsch 1939 fly
 Diptera -
Amblylexis gibberata Bode 1953 fly
"Ellipes laesa" = Ellipibodus laesa Bode 1953 fly
 Diptera - Limoniidae
Architipula bodeisimilis Bode 1953 crane fly
"Paratipula formosa" = Architipula formosa Bode 1953 crane fly
Ozotipula tarda Bode 1953 crane fly
 Diptera - Ptychopteridae
"Acritorhyphus ramosus" = Eoptychoptera simplex
"Acritorhyphus ramosus" = Eoptychoptera simplex Handlirsch 1906 phantom crane fly
 Diptera -
Amianta eurycephala Bode 1953 fly
 Trichoptera - Necrotauliidae
"Necrotaulius marginatus" = Necrotaulius parvulus
"Necrotaulius marginatus" = Necrotaulius parvulus Geinitz 1884 caddisfly
 Neuroptera - Prohemerobiidae
Prohemerobius mediolatus2, Liassopsychops curvata, "Parhemerobius dilatatus" = Parhemerobius dilatatus, "Parhemerobius aequalirotundatus" = Parhemerobius dilatatus, "Parhemerobius praeauctus" = Parhemerobius dilatatus, "Prohemerobius triangulus" = Parhemerobius dilatatus
Prohemerobius mediolatus2 Bode 1953 lacewing
Liassopsychops curvata Bode 1953 lacewing
"Parhemerobius dilatatus" = Parhemerobius dilatatus Bode 1953 lacewing
"Parhemerobius aequalirotundatus" = Parhemerobius dilatatus Bode 1953 lacewing
"Parhemerobius praeauctus" = Parhemerobius dilatatus Bode 1953 lacewing
"Prohemerobius triangulus" = Parhemerobius dilatatus Bode 1953 lacewing
 Reculida - Geinitziidae
"Gryllacris fasciata n. sp." = Geinitzia fasciata1
"Gryllacris fasciata n. sp." = Geinitzia fasciata1 Bode 1905 winged insect
 Dicondylia - Protomyrmeleontidae
"Protomyrmeleon (Tillyardagrion) grasselensis n. sp." = Protomyrmeleon grasselensis
"Protomyrmeleon (Tillyardagrion) grasselensis n. sp." = Protomyrmeleon grasselensis Bode 1953 winged insect
 Odonata -
Syrrhoe commissa n. gen. n. sp.
Syrrhoe commissa n. gen. n. sp. Bode 1953 dragonfly
 Odonata - Myopophlebiidae
Strongylogomphus grasselianus n. gen. n. sp., Strongylogomphus grasselianus, "Myopophlebia libera" = Myopophlebia libera, "Myopophlebia tecta n. sp." = Myopophlebia libera, "Liadothemis wunnenbergi" = Paraheterophlebia wunnenbergi
Strongylogomphus grasselianus n. gen. n. sp. Bode 1953 dragonfly
Strongylogomphus grasselianus Bode 1953 dragonfly
"Myopophlebia libera" = Myopophlebia libera Bode 1953 dragonfly
"Myopophlebia tecta n. sp." = Myopophlebia libera Bode 1953 dragonfly
"Liadothemis wunnenbergi" = Paraheterophlebia wunnenbergi Bode 1953 dragonfly
 Odonata - Liassogomphidae
"Gomphites brodiei" = Heterothemis brodiei, "Paragomphus angulatus n. gen. n. sp." = Phthitogomphus angulatus
"Gomphites brodiei" = Heterothemis brodiei Brodie 1845 dragonfly
"Paragomphus angulatus n. gen. n. sp." = Phthitogomphus angulatus Handlirsch 1939 dragonfly
 Odonata - Sphenophlebiidae
Ensphingophlebia undulata n. gen. n. sp. Bode 1953 dragonfly
 Eoblattida - Blattogryllidae
"Dorniella pulchra" = Dorniella pulchra, "Dorniella biramosa" = Dorniella pulchra, "Dorniella multoramosa" = Dorniella pulchra
"Dorniella pulchra" = Dorniella pulchra Bode 1953 insect
"Dorniella biramosa" = Dorniella pulchra Bode 1953 insect
"Dorniella multoramosa" = Dorniella pulchra Bode 1953 insect
  -
Trimerocephalium incisum Bode 1953 insect