Oeningen (von Seyfried collection) (Miocene of Germany)

Where: Baden-Württemberg, Germany (47.7° N, 8.9° E: paleocoordinates 47.9° N, 7.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: MN-7 mammal zone, Upper Oehningen beds Member (Upper Freshwater-Molasse Formation), Sarmatian (12.7 - 11.6 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified limestone

• "Rising into massive mountains, as in the well-known Righi and Rossberg, they attain a thickness of more than 6000 feet. While they include proofs of the presenceof the sea, they have preserved with marvellous perfection a large number of the plants which clothed the Alps, and of the insects which flitted through the woodlands. They form part of a great series of deposits which have been termed “Molasse” by the Swiss geologists...By far the larger portion of these strata is of lacustrine origin. They must have been formed in a large lake, the area of which probably underwent gradual subsidence during the period of deposition, until in Miocene times the sea once more overflowed the area. We may form some idea of the importance of the lake from the fact already stated, that the deposits formed in its waters are upwards of 6000 feet thick. Thanks to the untiring labours of Professor Heer, We know more of the vegetation of the mountains round that lake during Oligocene and Miocene time than we do of that of any other ancient geological period. " Geikie, 1882

•"...deposited in the Northern Alpine Foreland basin..." Uhl et al., 2006

• "limestone" (Noble 1928)

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: mold/impression, adpression

Collected by von Seyfried

• Repository: ETH Zurich

Primary reference: O. Heer. 1849. Die Insektenfauna der Tertiärgebilde von Oeningen und von Radoboj in Croatien. Zweiter Theil: Henschrecken, Florfliegen, Aderflügler, Schmetterlinge und Fliegen 1-264 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 113689: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Jered Karr on 04.08.2011, edited by Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Aphrophoridae
Aphrophora spumarioides2 Heer 1853 spittle bug
 Hemiptera - Coreidae
Syromastes seyfriedi n. sp.2 Heer 1853 leaf-footed bug
lower quarry, with Formica primordialis
 Hemiptera - Pentatomidae
Pentatoma appendiculatum n. sp.2 Heer 1853 stink bug
lower quarry
 Hemiptera - Reduviidae
Pirates oeningensis n. sp.2 Heer 1853 assassin bug
lower quarry
Harpactor constrictus n. sp.2 Heer 1853 assassin bug
lower quarry
 Blattodea - Mastotermitidae
"Termes (Termopsis) insignis n. sp." = Miotermes insignis
"Termes (Termopsis) insignis n. sp." = Miotermes insignis Heer 1849 termite
 Orthoptera - Acrididae
Gomphocerus femoralis n. sp. Heer 1849 short-horned grasshopper
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Formica gravida, Formica demersa, Formica pulchella n. sp., Formica procera, "Formica pinguicula" = Camponotus pinguiculus, "Formica lignitum" = Camponotus lignitus, "Formica heraclea" = Camponotus heracleus, Imhoffia nigra, "Ponera longaeva n. sp." = Poneropsis longaeva, "Ponera fuliginosa" = Poneropsis fuliginosa, "Ponera ventrosa" = Poneropsis ventrosa, Cephites fragilis n. sp.
Formica gravida Heer 1849 ant
Formica demersa Heer 1849 ant
Formica pulchella n. sp. Heer 1849 ant
Formica procera Heer 1849 ant
"Formica pinguicula" = Camponotus pinguiculus Heer 1849 ant
ssp. oeningensis; three fragmentary and uncertain
"Formica lignitum" = Camponotus lignitus Germar 1837 ant
"Formica heraclea" = Camponotus heracleus Heer 1849 ant
Imhoffia nigra Heer 1849 ant
"Ponera longaeva n. sp." = Poneropsis longaeva Heer 1849 ant
"Ponera fuliginosa" = Poneropsis fuliginosa Heer 1849 ant
ssp. oeningensis
"Ponera ventrosa" = Poneropsis ventrosa Heer 1849 ant
Cephites fragilis n. sp. Heer 1849 ant
 Hymenoptera - Tenthredinidae
"Tenthredo vetusta n. sp." = Taxonus vetustus
"Tenthredo vetusta n. sp." = Taxonus vetustus Heer 1849 wood wasp
 Coleoptera - Buprestidae
"Ancylochira rusticana n. sp." = Buprestis rusticana1, "Ancylochira seyfriedii n. sp." = Buprestis seyfriedi1, Fuesslinia amoena n. gen. n. sp.1, Capnodis antiqua1
"Ancylochira rusticana n. sp." = Buprestis rusticana1 Heer 1847 jewel beetle
"Ancylochira seyfriedii n. sp." = Buprestis seyfriedi1 Heer 1847 jewel beetle
Fuesslinia amoena n. gen. n. sp.1 Heer 1847 jewel beetle
Capnodis antiqua1 Heer 1847 jewel beetle
 Coleoptera - Byrrhidae
Byrrhus oeningensis n. sp.1 Heer 1847 pill beetle
 Coleoptera - Elateridae
Ampedus seyfriedii n. sp.1 Heer 1847 click beetle
 Coleoptera - Tenebrionidae
"Cistela dominula n. sp." = Allecula dominula1
"Cistela dominula n. sp." = Allecula dominula1 Heer 1847 comb-clawed beetle
 Coleoptera - Cerambycidae
Clytus melancholicus n. sp.1, "Saperda nephele n. sp." = Eutetrapha nephele1
Clytus melancholicus n. sp.1 Heer 1847 longhorned beetle
"Saperda nephele n. sp." = Eutetrapha nephele1 Heer 1847 longhorned beetle
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
Donacia palaemonis n. sp.1 Heer 1847 leaf beetle
Clytra pandorae n. sp.1 Heer 1847 leaf beetle
Chrysomela punctigera n. sp.1 Heer 1847 leaf beetle
 Coleoptera - Curculionidae
Pristorhynchus ellipticus n. gen. n. sp.1
Pristorhynchus ellipticus n. gen. n. sp.1 Heer 1847 snout beetle
 Diptera - Chironomidae
Chironomus oeningensis n. sp. Heer 1849 non biting midge
 Diptera - Asilidae
Asilus antiquus Heer 1849 robber fly
 Diptera - Bibionidae
"Protomyia jucunda" = Plecia jucunda, "Protomyia affinis n. sp." = Plecia jucunda, Bibio pulchellus n. sp., Bibio fusiformis, Bibio moestus, Bibio brevis
"Protomyia jucunda" = Plecia jucunda Heer 1849 love bug
"Protomyia affinis n. sp." = Plecia jucunda Heer 1849 love bug
Bibio pulchellus n. sp. Heer 1849 march fly
Bibio fusiformis Heer 1849 march fly
Bibio moestus Heer 1849 march fly
Bibio brevis Heer 1849 march fly
Presumably in lot ETHZ Pl. I 856
 Odonata - Coenagrionidae
"Agrion (Agrion) aglaope n. sp." = Agrion aglaope, "Agrion" aglaopheme n. sp.
"Agrion (Agrion) aglaope n. sp." = Agrion aglaope Heer 1849 narrow-winged damselfly
"Agrion" aglaopheme n. sp. Heer 1849 narrow-winged damselfly
larva
 Odonata -
"Libellula" melobasis n. sp. Heer 1849 true dragonfly
larva
"Libellula" calypso n. sp. Heer 1849 true dragonfly
larva