Oeningen (Lavater'schen collection) (Miocene of Germany)

Where: Baden-Württemberg, Germany (47.7° N, 8.9° E: paleocoordinates 47.9° N, 7.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Upper Oehningen beds Member (Upper Freshwater-Molasse Formation), Sarmatian (12.7 - 11.6 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified limestone

• "Rising into massive mountains, as in the well-known Righi and Rossberg, they attain a thickness of more than 6000 feet. While they include proofs of the presenceof the sea, they have preserved with marvellous perfection a large number of the plants which clothed the Alps, and of the insects which flitted through the woodlands. They form part of a great series of deposits which have been termed “Molasse” by the Swiss geologists." Geikie, 1882

•"...deposited in the Northern Alpine Foreland basin..." Uhl et al., 2006

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: mold/impression, adpression

Collection methods: Repository: ETH Zurich

Primary reference: O. Heer. 1847. Die Insektenfauna der Tertiärgebilde von Oeningen und von Radoboj in Croatien. Erster Theil: Käfer 1-229 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 115304: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 01.09.2011, edited by Jered Karr

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Aphididae
Pemphigus bursifex n. sp.2 Heer 1853 aphid
 Hemiptera - Cicadidae
"Cicada emathion n. sp." = Lyristes emathion2
"Cicada emathion n. sp." = Lyristes emathion2 Heer 1853 cicada
 Hemiptera - Aphrophoridae
Aphrophora spumarioides2 Heer 1853 spittle bug
 Hemiptera - Coreidae
Harmostites oeningensis n. gen. n. sp.2 Heer 1853 leaf-footed bug
lower quarry
Hypselonotus lavateri n. sp.2 Heer 1853 leaf-footed bug
lower quarry
 Hemiptera - Scutelleridae
Pachycoris germari2 Heer 1853 metallic shield bug
 Hemiptera - Pentatomidae
Eusarcoris prodromus n. sp.2 Heer 1853 stink bug
lolower quarry
Eurydema effossa n. sp.2 Heer 1853 stink bug
Pentatoma stigmatum n. sp.2 Heer 1853 stink bug
Pentatoma vetustum n. sp.2 Heer 1853 stink bug
lower quarry
Pentatoma antiquum n. sp.2 Heer 1853 stink bug
lower quarry
 Hemiptera - Cydnidae
"Cydnopsis atavina n. sp." = Cydnus atavinus2
"Cydnopsis atavina n. sp." = Cydnus atavinus2 Heer 1853 burrowing bug
 Hemiptera - Reduviidae
Harpactor longipes n. sp.2 Heer 1853 assassin bug
lower quarry
 Hemiptera -
Berytopsis femoralis n. gen. n. sp.2
Berytopsis femoralis n. gen. n. sp.2 Heer 1853 true bug
lower quarry
 Mantodea - Mantidae
Mantis protogaea n. sp.1 Heer 1849 praying mantis
 Orthoptera - Tettigoniidae
Phaneroptera vetusta1 Heer 1849 katydid
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Formica gravida1 Heer 1849 ant
Formica orbata1 Heer 1849 ant
Formica macrophthalma1 Heer 1849 ant
Formica demersa1 Heer 1849 ant
Formica procera1 Heer 1849 ant
Formica macrocephala1 Heer 1849 ant
ssp. oeningensis
"Formica pinguicula" = Camponotus pinguiculus1 Heer 1849 ant
ssp. oeningensis
"Formica oeningensis" = Camponotus oeningensis1 Heer 1849 ant
Formica obesa oeningensis
"Formica lignitum" = Camponotus lignitus1 Germar 1837 ant
"Formica pinguis" = Oecophylla obesa1 Heer 1849 weaver ant
ssp. oeningensis
Imhoffia nigra1 Heer 1849 ant
"Ponera ventrosa" = Poneropsis ventrosa1 Heer 1849 ant
Myrmica angusticollis n. sp.1 Heer 1849 ant
 Hymenoptera - Apidae
Anthophorites veterana n. sp.1 Heer 1849 bee
 Coleoptera - Buprestidae
Eurythyrea longipennis n. sp. Heer 1847 jewel beetle
Buprestites oeningensis n. sp. Heer 1847 jewel beetle
Dicerca prisca n. sp. Heer 1847 jewel beetle
Capnodis puncticollis n. sp. Heer 1847 jewel beetle
Perotis lavateri n. sp. Heer 1847 jewel beetle
Sphenoptera gigantea n. sp. Heer 1847 metallic wood-boring beetle
 Coleoptera - Elateridae
Lacon primordialis n. sp. Heer 1847 click beetle
Ischnodes gracilis n. sp. Heer 1847 click beetle
Elaterites obsoletus n. sp. Heer 1847 click beetle
Elaterites lavateri n. sp. Heer 1847 click beetle
Limonius optabilis n. sp. Heer 1847 click beetle
 Coleoptera - Hydrophilidae
Hydrophilus spectabilis n. sp., Hydrophilus vexatorius, "Hydrophilus noachicus n. sp." = Hydrochara noachica, Escheria ovalis n. gen. n. sp.
Hydrophilus spectabilis n. sp. Heer 1847 water scavenger beetle
Hydrophilus vexatorius Heer 1847 water scavenger beetle
"Hydrophilus noachicus n. sp." = Hydrochara noachica Heer 1847 water scavenger beetle
Escheria ovalis n. gen. n. sp. Heer 1847 water scavenger beetle
 Coleoptera - Staphylinidae
Protactus erichsonii n. gen. n. sp.
Protactus erichsonii n. gen. n. sp. Heer 1847 rove beetle
 Coleoptera - Nitidulidae
Nitidula melanaria n. sp. Heer 1847 sap beetle
 Coleoptera - Mycteridae
Mycterus molassicus n. sp. Heer 1847 palm and flower beetle
 Coleoptera - Meloidae
Lytta aesculapii n. sp. Heer 1847 blister beetle
 Coleoptera - Melyridae
Malachius vertummni n. sp. Heer 1847 soft-winged flower beetle
 Coleoptera - Cleridae
Clerus adonis n. sp. Heer 1847 checkered beetle
 Coleoptera - Trogossitidae
Peltis tricostata n. sp. Heer 1847 bark gnawing beetle
 Coleoptera - Coccinellidae
Coccinella perses n. sp. Heer 1847 ladybug or ladybird
Coccinella hesione Heer 1847 ladybug or ladybird
Coccinella andromeda n. sp. Heer 1847 ladybug or ladybird
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
Cassida hermione n. sp., Cassida megapenthes n. sp., "Anoplites bremii n. sp." = Gonophora bremii, Lina populeti n. sp., Chrysomela calami n. sp., Oreina hellenis n. sp., Oreina protogeniae n. sp., Oreina amphyctionis n. sp.
Cassida hermione n. sp. Heer 1847 tortoise beetle
Cassida megapenthes n. sp. Heer 1847 tortoise beetle
"Anoplites bremii n. sp." = Gonophora bremii Heer 1847 tortoise beetle
Lina populeti n. sp. Heer 1847 leaf beetle
Chrysomela calami n. sp. Heer 1847 leaf beetle
Oreina hellenis n. sp. Heer 1847 leaf beetle
Oreina protogeniae n. sp. Heer 1847 leaf beetle
Oreina amphyctionis n. sp. Heer 1847 leaf beetle
 Coleoptera - Curculionidae
Sphenophorus regelianus n. sp. Heer 1847 snout beetle
Sphenophorus naegelianus n. sp. Heer 1847 snout beetle
Cossonus meriani n. sp. Heer 1847 snout beetle
Cossonus spielbergii n. sp. Heer 1847 snout beetle
"Lixus rugicollis n. sp." = Protainophthalmus rugicollis Heer 1847 snout beetle
Sitona attavina n. sp. Heer 1847 snout beetle
 Coleoptera - Anthribidae
Anthribites pusillus n. sp. Heer 1847 fungus weevil
 Coleoptera -
"Onthophagus urus n. sp." = Onthophagus urusheeri
"Onthophagus urus n. sp." = Onthophagus urusheeri Krell 2000 scarab beetle
 Coleoptera - Hybosoridae
Coprologus gracilis n. gen. n. sp.
Coprologus gracilis n. gen. n. sp. Heer 1847 scavenger scarab beetle
 Coleoptera - Scarabaeidae
"Aphodius antiquus n. sp." = Aphodius anteactus, Onthophagus ovatulus n. sp., Melolonthites lavateri n. sp., Melolonthites deperdita n. sp., Trichius amoenus n. sp.
"Aphodius antiquus n. sp." = Aphodius anteactus Krell 2000 scarab beetle
Onthophagus ovatulus n. sp. Heer 1847 scarab beetle
Melolonthites lavateri n. sp. Heer 1847 scarab beetle
Melolonthites deperdita n. sp. Heer 1847 scarab beetle
Trichius amoenus n. sp. Heer 1847 flower chafer
 Coleoptera - Dytiscidae
Dytiscus lavateri n. sp. Heer 1847 predaceous diving beetle
Dytiscus oeningensis n. sp. Heer 1847 predaceous diving beetle
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Brachinus primordialis n. sp. Heer 1847 ground beetle
Cymindis pulchella n. sp. Heer 1847 ground beetle
Badister prodromus n. sp. Heer 1847 ground beetle
 Diptera - Asilidae
Asilus deperditus n. sp.1 Heer 1849 robber fly
 Diptera -
"Echinomyia antiqua n. sp." = Lithotachina antiqua1
"Echinomyia antiqua n. sp." = Lithotachina antiqua1 Heer 1849 fly
 Diptera - Bibionidae
Plecia hilaris n. sp.1, Bibio fusiformis1, Bibio moestus1, "Bibio brevis n. sp." = Bibio brevis1, "Bibio oblongus n. sp." = Bibio brevis1
Plecia hilaris n. sp.1 Heer 1849 love bug
ETHZ specimen 7281
Bibio fusiformis1 Heer 1849 march fly
Bibio moestus1 Heer 1849 march fly
"Bibio brevis n. sp." = Bibio brevis1 Heer 1849 march fly
Presumably in lot ETHZ Pl. I 856
"Bibio oblongus n. sp." = Bibio brevis1 Heer 1849 march fly
 Lepidoptera - Psychidae
""Psyche" pineella n. sp." = Psychites pineellus1
""Psyche" pineella n. sp." = Psychites pineellus1 Heer 1849 bagworm moth
pupa
 Odonata - Lestidae
"Agrion leucosia n. sp." = Lestes leucosia1
"Agrion leucosia n. sp." = Lestes leucosia1 Heer 1849 spread-winged damselfly
 Odonata - Aeshnidae
"Aeschna tyche n. sp." = Aeshna tyche1
"Aeschna tyche n. sp." = Aeshna tyche1 Heer 1849 hawker dragonfly
counterpart in Carlsruhe collection
 Odonata -
"Libellula" doris1 Heer 1849 true dragonfly
larvae; most common fossil at Oeningen, in all collections