Radoboj (unspecified or Heer coll) (Miocene of Croatia)

Where: Croatia (46.2° N, 15.9° E: paleocoordinates 45.7° N, 15.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Sarmatian (12.7 - 11.6 Ma)

• Likely early Sarmatian (MN7) in age, based on foraminifera (Bajraktarevic, 1984) and siliceous microfossils (Galovic, 2003) from localities in the vicinity of Krapina.

Environment/lithology: lagoonal or restricted shallow subtidal; lithified limestone

• The deposits of Radoboj are marine deposits accumulated in a shallow epicontinental sea, possibly in a lagoon. In addition to insects, marine fish and algae have been found in Radoboj. The formation of the Pannonian Basin System commenced in the Early and the Middle Miocene as the consequence of the continental collision of the African (=Apulian) and European plates, and deposition in the entire basin was influenced by important extensional tectonics.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression, adpression

Collection methods: May have been collected by Heer himself, but no details are given

Primary reference: O. Heer. 1849. Die Insektenfauna der Tertiärgebilde von Oeningen und von Radoboj in Croatien. Zweiter Theil: Henschrecken, Florfliegen, Aderflügler, Schmetterlinge und Fliegen 1-264 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 117250: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 18.09.2011

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Cercopidae
Cercopis gigantea3 Heer 1853 froghopper
on four pieces
 Hemiptera - Lygaeidae
Lygaeites lividus n. sp.3 Heer 1853 milkweed bug
Lygaeus ventralis n. sp.3 Heer 1853 milkweed bug
Lygaeus atavinus n. sp.3 Heer 1853 milkweed bug
 Hemiptera - Cydnidae
"Cydnopsis tertiaria" = Cydnus tertiarius3, Cydnopsis coleopteroides n. sp.3
"Cydnopsis tertiaria" = Cydnus tertiarius3 Heer 1853 burrowing bug
Cydnopsis coleopteroides n. sp.3 Heer 1853 burrowing bug
 Blattodea - Termitidae
Termes (Eutermes) croaticus n. sp. Heer 1849 termite
On same piece as Hemiteles fasciata
Termes (Eutermes) obscurus n. sp. Heer 1849 termite
 Hymenoptera - Vespidae
Vespa crabroniformis n. sp.4 Heer 1867 wasp
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Formica lavateri4, "Formica lignitum" = Camponotus lignitus4, "Formica heraclea" = Camponotus heracleus4, Poneropsis brunascens n. sp.4, Myrmica venusta n. sp.4, Poneropsis pallida n. sp.4
Formica lavateri4 Heer 1849 ant
var. major
"Formica lignitum" = Camponotus lignitus4 Germar 1837 ant
"Formica heraclea" = Camponotus heracleus4 Heer 1849 ant
Poneropsis brunascens n. sp.4 Heer 1867 ant
Collection not stated
Myrmica venusta n. sp.4 Heer 1867 ant
Poneropsis pallida n. sp.4 Heer 1867 ant
 Hymenoptera - Apidae
Anthophorites thoracica n. sp.4 Heer 1867 bee
Anthophorites longaeva4 Heer 1867 bee
Bombus grandaevus n. sp. Heer 1849 bee
 Hymenoptera - Sphecidae
Sphex gigantea n. sp.4 Heer 1867 digger wasp
 Hymenoptera - Braconidae
Bracon pallidus n. sp.4 Heer 1867 wasp
 Hymenoptera - Ichneumonidae
Ichneumonites fusiformis n. sp.4, Acoenitus lividus n. sp., Hemiteles fasciata n. sp., "Ichneumon longaevus n. sp." = Ophion longaevus, Pimpla (Rhyssa) antiqua n. sp.4
Ichneumonites fusiformis n. sp.4 Heer 1867 ichneumon wasp
Acoenitus lividus n. sp. Heer 1849 ichneumon wasp
Hemiteles fasciata n. sp. Heer 1849 ichneumon wasp
"Ichneumon longaevus n. sp." = Ophion longaevus Heer 1849 ichneumon wasp
Pimpla (Rhyssa) antiqua n. sp.4 Heer 1867 ichneumon wasp
 Hymenoptera - Siricidae
Urocerites spectabilis n. gen. n. sp.4
Urocerites spectabilis n. gen. n. sp.4 Heer 1867 horntail
 Coleoptera - Cantharidae
"Telephorus attavinus n. sp." = Cantharis (Cantharis) attavina2, "Telephorus tertiarius" = Rhagonycha (Rhagonycha) tertiaria2
"Telephorus attavinus n. sp." = Cantharis (Cantharis) attavina2 Heer 1847 soldier beetle
"Telephorus tertiarius" = Rhagonycha (Rhagonycha) tertiaria2 Heer 1847 soldier beetle
ssp. radobojanus
 Coleoptera - Nitidulidae
Amphotis bella n. sp.2 Heer 1847 sap beetle
 Coleoptera - Oedemeridae
Saperda absyrti n. sp.2 Heer 1847 false blister beetle
 Coleoptera - Meloidae
Meloe podalirii n. sp.2 Heer 1847 blister beetle
 Coleoptera - Curculionidae
Curculionites redtenbacheri n. gen. n. sp.2 Heer 1847 snout beetle
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Bembidium absolutum n. sp.1 Giebel 1856 ground beetle
Giebel refers to a specimen figured by Heer (pl 10, fig 91), but that figure doesn't exist
Harpalus tabidus n. sp.2 Heer 1847 ground beetle
Anchomenus orphanus n. sp.2 Heer 1847 ground beetle
 Diptera - Syrphidae
Syrphus infumatus n. sp. Heer 1849 hover fly
 Diptera - Bibionidae
"Bibiopsis cimicoides n. sp." = Penthetria cimicoides, "Protomyia latipennis n. sp." = Penthetria latipennis, Bibio radobojanus n. sp.
"Bibiopsis cimicoides n. sp." = Penthetria cimicoides Heer 1849 march fly
"Protomyia latipennis n. sp." = Penthetria latipennis Heer 1849 march fly
Bibio radobojanus n. sp. Heer 1849 march fly
Bibio pinguis radobojanus
 Diptera - Mycetophilidae
"Mycetophila nigritella n. sp." = Allodia nigritella, Mycetophila pumilio n. sp., Mycetophila latipennis n. sp., Mycetophila antiqua n. sp.
"Mycetophila nigritella n. sp." = Allodia nigritella Heer 1849 fungus gnat
Mycetophila pumilio n. sp. Heer 1849 fungus gnat
Mycetophila latipennis n. sp. Heer 1849 fungus gnat
Mycetophila antiqua n. sp. Heer 1849 fungus gnat
 Diptera - Sciaridae
Sciara hirtella n. sp. Heer 1849 dark-winged fungus gnat
 Diptera - Limoniidae
"Limnobia formosa n. sp." = Limonia formosa
"Limnobia formosa n. sp." = Limonia formosa Heer 1849 crane fly
Locality not stated, assumed to be Radoboj by later authors
 Diptera - Tipulidae
Tipula aemula n. sp. Heer 1849 crane fly
 Odonata - Gomphaeschnidae
"Aeschna metis n. sp." = Oplonaeschna metis
"Aeschna metis n. sp." = Oplonaeschna metis Heer 1849 true dragonfly
  -
Bittacus reticulatus n. sp. Heer 1849 insect
On same piece as Omalium protogaeum