Koingnaas 30m Complex (Pleistocene of South Africa)

Where: Western Cape, South Africa (33.9° S, 18.4° E: paleocoordinates 34.0° S, 18.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: transition zone or lower shoreface; lithology not reported

• lower shoreface

Size class: mesofossils

Primary reference: B. Kensley and J. Pether. 1986. Late Tertiary and Early Quaternary Fossil Mollusca for the Hondeklip Area, Cape Province, South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 97(6):141-225 [J. Sessa/L. Eccles]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 118311: authorized by Jocelyn Sessa, entered by Laurie Eccles on 12.10.2011

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Arcida - Arcidae
"Arca noae" = Arca (Arca) noae
"Arca noae" = Arca (Arca) noae Linnaeus 1758 ark
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Striostrea margaritacea Lamarck 1819 oyster
 Ostreida - Malleidae
Isognomon gariesensis n. sp. Kensley and Pether 1986 oyster
 Carditida - Carditidae
Cardita unica n. sp. Kensley and Pether 1986 clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Melapium hawthornei n. sp., "Bullia digitalis" = Buccinum digitale
Melapium hawthornei n. sp. Kensley and Pether 1986 true whelk
"Bullia digitalis" = Buccinum digitale Dillwyn 1817 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Marginella sp. Lamarck 1799 margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Thais arenae n. sp. Kensley and Pether 1986 murex snail
Nucella praecingulata Haughton 1932 murex snail
 Littorinoidea - Littorinidae
Littorina sp. Ferussac 1821 periwinkle
 Velutinoidea - Triviidae
Hespererato oppenheimeri Kensley and Pether 1986 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Natica cf. adansoni Blainville 1825 moon snail
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Calyptraea helicoidea slipper shell
Calyptraea kilburni Kensley and Pether 1986 slipper shell
Calyptraea kilburni nom. nov.
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
"Turritella carinifera" = Turritella (Torquesia) carinifera
"Turritella carinifera" = Turritella (Torquesia) carinifera Deshayes 1824 turret shell
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae