Virgal, topmost beds of Upper Productus-limestone, Salt Range (Permian of Pakistan)

Also known as Wargal

Where: Pakistan (32.4° N, 72.1° E: paleocoordinates 41.2° S, 56.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Chhidru Formation, Changhsingian (254.2 - 252.2 Ma)

• Light-coloured sandstones forming the topmost beds of the upper division

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; lithified sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: W. Waagen and J. Pichl. 1885. Productus Limestone Fossils, Part V. Salt Range Fossils, Palaeontologia Indica, Series 13 1(5):771-834 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 119554: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 29.10.2011

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Strophomenata
 Productida - Echinoconchidae
"Productus purdoni" = Contraspina purdoni4
"Productus purdoni" = Contraspina purdoni4 Davidson 1862
Bed no 1 of section
 Orthotetida - Schuchertellidae
"Streptorhynchus distortus n. sp." = Kiangsiella distorta5
"Streptorhynchus distortus n. sp." = Kiangsiella distorta5 Waagen 1884
Rhynchonellata
 Spiriferinida - Spiriferellinidae
 Orthida - Schizophoriidae
"Orthis derbyi" = Orthotichia derbyi5
"Orthis derbyi" = Orthotichia derbyi5 Waagen 1884
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Euchondriidae
Euchondria subpusilla n. sp.3 Waagen 1881 scallop
 Pectinida - Aviculopectinidae
"Pecten praecox n. sp." = Aviculopecten praecox3
"Pecten praecox n. sp." = Aviculopecten praecox3 Waagen 1881 scallop
 Carditida - Astartidae
"Lucina progenetrix" = Astartella progenetrix3
"Lucina progenetrix" = Astartella progenetrix3 Waagen 1881 clam
Bed 1 of Waagen's notebook
 Cardiida - Kalenteridae
"Pleurophorus acuteplicatus n. sp." = Permophorus costatus3
"Pleurophorus acuteplicatus n. sp." = Permophorus costatus3 Brown 1841 clam
 Pholadomyida -
"Pleurophorus complanatus" = Pleurophorina complanata3
"Pleurophorus complanatus" = Pleurophorina complanata3 Waagen 1881 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Sphaeriola" grandaeva n. sp.3 Waagen 1881 clam
 Trigoniida - Trigoniidae
"Myophoria praecox" = Lyroschizodus praecox3, "Myophoria subelegans" = Lyroschizodus subelegans3
"Myophoria praecox" = Lyroschizodus praecox3 Waagen 1881 clam
"Myophoria subelegans" = Lyroschizodus subelegans3 Waagen 1881 clam
 Trigoniida - Schizodidae
""Gouldia" primaeva n. sp." = Eoastarte primaeva3
""Gouldia" primaeva n. sp." = Eoastarte primaeva3 Waagen 1881 clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
""Nucula" ventricosa" = Nuculopsis girtyi3
""Nucula" ventricosa" = Nuculopsis girtyi3 Schenck 1934 nut clam
 Protobranchia -
"Cleidophorus" striatulus n. sp.3 Waagen 1881 clam
Gastropoda
 Euomphalina - Anomphalidae
"Margarita prisca" = Anomphalus priscus6
"Margarita prisca" = Anomphalus priscus6 Waagen 1880 snail
 Prosobranchia - Goniasmatidae
""Murchisonia" conjugens" = Murchisonia (Goniasma) conjugens6
""Murchisonia" conjugens" = Murchisonia (Goniasma) conjugens6 Waagen 1880 snail
 Bellerophontida - Bellerophontidae
"Bucania integra" = Retispira integra6, "Bucania angustifasciata" = Retispira angustifasciata6
"Bucania integra" = Retispira integra6 Waagen 1880 snail
"Bucania angustifasciata" = Retispira angustifasciata6 Waagen 1880 snail
 Bellerophontida - Euphemitidae
"Euphemus apertus n. sp." = Euphemites apertus6
"Euphemus apertus n. sp." = Euphemites apertus6 Waagen 1880 snail
 Murchisoniina - Gosseletinidae
"Pleurotomaria sequens" = Guizhouspira sequens6, "Pleurotomaria punjabica" = Callistadia punjabica6
"Pleurotomaria sequens" = Guizhouspira sequens6 Waagen 1880 snail
"Pleurotomaria punjabica" = Callistadia punjabica6 Waagen 1880 snail
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
"? Antale sp." = Antalis6
"? Antale sp." = Antalis6 Adams and Adams 1854 tusk shell
Cephalopoda
 Nautilida - Tainoceratidae
"Nautilus latissimus" = Pleuronautilus latissimus2
"Nautilus latissimus" = Pleuronautilus latissimus2 Waagen 1879 nautiloid
Crinoidea
 Cladida -
? Hydriocrinus sp. Trautschold 1867 Sea lily
pentagonal stem fragments