Brunstatt, horizon d3 (Oligocene of France)

Where: France (47.7° N, 7.3° E: paleocoordinates 47.1° N, 3.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Oligocene (33.9 - 28.4 Ma)

• Lutz (1997) and Mai (1995) assign the age of Brunstatt and Kleinkems to the Lower Oligocene, but Mai (1995) also allocated Brunstatt to the Mammal Reference Level MP20 which corresponds to the Priabonian (37.2–33.9 Ma) in the latest part of the Eocene. Thus, the stratigraphical position of Brunstatt and Kleinkems seems to be close to the Eocene-Oligocene boundary.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified marl

• Deposited on the shore of a very large shallow saline lake (with an area of several hundred square kilometres) with episodical intrusion of fresh water.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: mold/impression, adpression

Primary reference: B. Förster. 1891. Die Insekten der "Plattigen Steinmergels" von Brunstatt. Abhandlungen zur Geologischen Specialkarte von Elsass-Lothringen, Band 3 1:335-593 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 121474: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 04.12.2011, edited by Jered Karr

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Cicadellidae
? Deltocephalus minutulus n. sp. Förster 1891 leafhopper
 Hemiptera - Aphrophoridae
Aphrophora pinguicula Heer 1853 spittle bug
 Hemiptera - Acanthosomatidae
? Acanthosoma debile n. sp. Förster 1891 shield bug
 Hemiptera - Pentatomidae
Eusarcoris mammillata n. sp. Förster 1891 stink bug
 Hemiptera - Cydnidae
Cydnus tertiarius, "Cydnus dignus n. sp." = Cydnus dignus, "Cydnus ornatissimus n. sp." = Cydnus dignus, Cydnus solutus, Cydnus cf. pygmaeus, "Cydnus armiger" = Cydnus armiger, "Cydnus obsoletus n. sp." = Cydnus armiger, Cydnus cf. sagittifer
Cydnus tertiarius Heer 1853 burrowing bug
7 total, not divided between collections
"Cydnus dignus n. sp." = Cydnus dignus Förster 1891 burrowing bug
"Cydnus ornatissimus n. sp." = Cydnus dignus Förster 1891 burrowing bug
Cydnus solutus Förster 1891 burrowing bug
Cydnus cf. pygmaeus Heer 1853 burrowing bug
"Cydnus armiger" = Cydnus armiger Förster 1891 burrowing bug
"Cydnus obsoletus n. sp." = Cydnus armiger Förster 1891 burrowing bug
Cydnus cf. sagittifer Heer 1853 burrowing bug
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
"Attopsis superba n. sp." = Solenopsis superba, "Attopsis valida" = Solenopsis valida
"Attopsis superba n. sp." = Solenopsis superba Förster 1891 ant
"Attopsis valida" = Solenopsis valida Förster 1891 ant
 Hymenoptera - Braconidae
Bracon praeteritus Förster 1891 wasp
 Coleoptera - Ptinidae
"Dorcatoma cf. bovistae" = Caenocara bovistae
"Dorcatoma cf. bovistae" = Caenocara bovistae Hoffmann 1803 spider beetle
 Coleoptera - Cantharidae
"Malthodes obtusus n. sp." = Malthodes (Malthodes) obtusus
"Malthodes obtusus n. sp." = Malthodes (Malthodes) obtusus Förster 1891 soldier beetle
 Coleoptera - Staphylinidae
Stenus ornatus n. sp. Förster 1891 rove beetle
Oxytelus ominosus n. sp. Förster 1891 rove beetle
 Coleoptera - Coccinellidae
"Adalia marginata n. sp." = Aphidecta marginata, Chilocorus inflatus n. sp.
"Adalia marginata n. sp." = Aphidecta marginata Förster 1891 ladybug or ladybird
Chilocorus inflatus n. sp. Förster 1891 ladybug or ladybird
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
Bruchus crassus n. sp., "Haltica magna n. sp." = Altica magna, "Oreina pulchra n. sp." = Chrysochloa pulchra
Bruchus crassus n. sp. Förster 1891 leaf beetle
"Haltica magna n. sp." = Altica magna Förster 1891 flea beetle
"Oreina pulchra n. sp." = Chrysochloa pulchra Förster 1891 leaf beetle
 Coleoptera - Curculionidae
Bagous bicolor n. sp. Förster 1891 snout beetle
cf. Pissodes planatus n. sp. Förster 1891 snout beetle
"Cleonus asperulus" = Protainophthalmus asperulus Heer 1856 snout beetle
Bagous palintonus n. sp. Förster 1891 snout beetle
Curculionites cf. lividus Heer 1856 snout beetle
? Cryptorhynchus incertus n. sp. Förster 1891 snout beetle
Ceutorhynchus fischeri n. sp. Förster 1891 snout beetle
Gymnetron rotundicolle n. sp. Förster 1891 snout beetle
 Coleoptera - Brentidae
Apion levirostre n. sp. Förster 1891 weevil
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Harpalus excavatus n. sp. Förster 1891 ground beetle
 Coleoptera -
Hylesinus lineatus n. sp. Förster 1891 beetle
 Diptera - Ceratopogonidae
? Simulium terribilis n. sp. Förster 1891 biting midge
 Diptera - Sciomyzidae
Tetanocera contenta n. sp. Förster 1891 snail-killing fly
Tetanocera preciosa n. sp. Förster 1891 snail-killing fly
 Diptera - Agromyzidae
"Anthomyia pusilla n. sp." = Phytomyza pusilla
"Anthomyia pusilla n. sp." = Phytomyza pusilla Förster 1891 leaf-miner fly
 Diptera - Dolichopodidae
Dolichopus miluus n. sp. Förster 1891 long-legged fly
 Diptera - Bibionidae
"Plecia splendida" = Plecia foersteri Theobald 1937 love bug
Plecia cf. bucklandi Heer 1849 love bug
Plecia cf. grossa von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
 Diptera - Mycetophilidae
Mycetophilites sp., "cf. Glaphyroptera crassiuscula n. sp." = Leia crassiuscula
Mycetophilites sp. Förster 1891 fungus gnat
"cf. Glaphyroptera crassiuscula n. sp." = Leia crassiuscula Förster 1891 fungus gnat