Brunstatt, horizon d4 (Oligocene of France)

Where: France (47.7° N, 7.3° E: paleocoordinates 47.1° N, 3.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Oligocene (33.9 - 28.4 Ma)

• Lutz (1997) and Mai (1995) assign the age of Brunstatt and Kleinkems to the Lower Oligocene, but Mai (1995) also allocated Brunstatt to the Mammal Reference Level MP20 which corresponds to the Priabonian (37.2–33.9 Ma) in the latest part of the Eocene. Thus, the stratigraphical position of Brunstatt and Kleinkems seems to be close to the Eocene-Oligocene boundary.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified marl

• Deposited on the shore of a very large shallow saline lake (with an area of several hundred square kilometres) with episodical intrusion of fresh water.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: mold/impression, adpression

Primary reference: B. Förster. 1891. Die Insekten der "Plattigen Steinmergels" von Brunstatt. Abhandlungen zur Geologischen Specialkarte von Elsass-Lothringen, Band 3 1:335-593 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 121476: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 04.12.2011, edited by Jered Karr

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Cixiidae
Cixius cf. vitreus Germar and Berendt 1856 cixiid planthopper
 Hemiptera -
Oligonila foersteri n. gen. n. sp. Theobald 1937 planthopper
Oligonila defectuosa n. sp. Theobald 1937 planthopper
was identified as Cixius cf. loculatus In Förster
 Hemiptera - Aphrophoridae
Aphrophora dimidia n. sp. Förster 1891 spittle bug
 Hemiptera - Cercopidae
Cercopidae indet. Leach 1815 froghopper
Ptyelus marcatus Theobald 1937 froghopper
 Hemiptera - Lygaeidae
"Pachymerus fasciatus" = Diniella fasciata, Aphanus contractus, "Pachymerus pulchellus" = Aphanus pulchellus
"Pachymerus fasciatus" = Diniella fasciata Heer 1853 milkweed bug
Aphanus contractus Theobald 1937 milkweed bug
"Pachymerus pulchellus" = Aphanus pulchellus Heer 1853 milkweed bug
 Hemiptera - Cydnidae
Cydnus cinctus n. sp. Förster 1891 burrowing bug
Cydnus armiger Förster 1891 burrowing bug
 Hemiptera - Reduviidae
Nabis maculata Heer 1853 assassin bug
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Camponotus vehemens n. sp., "Attopsis cf. nigra" = Oecophylla obesa, "Attopsis maxima n. sp." = Solenopsis maxima, "Solenopsis superba" = Solenopsis superba, "Attopsis extensa n. sp." = Solenopsis superba, "Attopsis moesta n. sp." = Solenopsis moesta, "Attopsis valida" = Solenopsis valida, Myrmicites sp., Mutilla tenera n. sp.
Camponotus vehemens n. sp. Förster 1891 ant
"Attopsis cf. nigra" = Oecophylla obesa Heer 1849 weaver ant
"Attopsis maxima n. sp." = Solenopsis maxima Förster 1891 ant
"Solenopsis superba" = Solenopsis superba Förster 1891 ant
"Attopsis extensa n. sp." = Solenopsis superba Förster 1891 ant
"Attopsis moesta n. sp." = Solenopsis moesta Förster 1891 ant
"Attopsis valida" = Solenopsis valida Förster 1891 ant
Myrmicites sp. Förster 1891 ant
Mutilla tenera n. sp. Förster 1891 ant
 Hymenoptera - Braconidae
Bracon praeteritus Förster 1891 wasp
 Hymenoptera - Torymidae
Torymus pertinax n. sp. Förster 1891 chalcid wasp
 Hymenoptera - Tenthredinidae
Dolerus tenax n. sp. Förster 1891 wood wasp
 Coleoptera -
Escheria punctulata n. sp. Förster 1891 beetle
 Coleoptera - Phalacridae
Olibrus ornatus n. sp. Förster 1891 beetle
 Coleoptera - Coccinellidae
Scymnus angulatus n. sp. Förster 1891 ladybug or ladybird
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
Donacia disjecta n. sp., Bruchus cf. pisi, "Haltica dubia n. sp." = Altica dubia
Donacia disjecta n. sp. Förster 1891 leaf beetle
Bruchus cf. pisi Linnaeus 1758 leaf beetle
"Haltica dubia n. sp." = Altica dubia Förster 1891 flea beetle
 Coleoptera -
Escheria crassipunctata n. sp. Förster 1891 beetle
 Diptera - Syrphidae
Syrphus reciprocus n. sp., "Syrphus cf. freyeri" = Platycheirus freyeri
Syrphus reciprocus n. sp. Förster 1891 hover fly
"Syrphus cf. freyeri" = Platycheirus freyeri Heer 1849 hover fly
 Diptera - Bibionidae
Plecia cf. rhenana von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
Plecia gracillima n. sp. Förster 1891 love bug
Plecia cf. grossa von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
Plecia inflata Oustalet 1870 love bug
Plecia cf. lapidaria von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
 Diptera - Mycetophilidae
"Epicypta pallipes" = Allodia pallipes, "Epicypta cf. nigritella" = Allodia nigritella, "Glaphyroptera longipes n. sp." = Leia longipes, "Glaphyroptera gracillima n. sp." = Leia gracillima, "Rhymosia foersteri" = Rymosia foersteri
"Epicypta pallipes" = Allodia pallipes Heer 1856 fungus gnat
"Epicypta cf. nigritella" = Allodia nigritella Heer 1849 fungus gnat
"Glaphyroptera longipes n. sp." = Leia longipes Förster 1891 fungus gnat
"Glaphyroptera gracillima n. sp." = Leia gracillima Förster 1891 fungus gnat
"Rhymosia foersteri" = Rymosia foersteri Theobald 1937 fungus gnat