Jezzine, Lebanese amber (MNHN coll) (Cretaceous of Lebanon)

Where: Lebanon (33.5° N, 35.6° E: paleocoordinates 9.2° N, 31.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Barremian (130.0 - 125.5 Ma)

• Amber found in three intervals in the upper part of the Grès du Liban. Jezzine is found in the upper interval, located between the Jezzinian above and the "Banc de Mrejatt" below. The "Banc de Mrejatt" includes one biostratigraphically significant benthic foraminifer: Eopalorbitolina transiens (Cherchi and Schroeder, 1999), which is a zonal marker of the Lower to Upper Barremian transition according to Schroeder et al. (2010). Accordingly the “Banc de Mrejatt” is correlated to the transgression of sequence Ba3 of Clavel et al. (2007) and ascribed a late Early Barremian age. The upper subunit is assigned a Late Barremian age, although the amber may be reworked (Maksoud et al., 2016).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; amber

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Preservation: soft parts, original chitin, original carbon, amber

Collected by Aftim Acra, Fadi Acra in the 1970s; reposited in the MNHN

Collection methods: quarrying

• Provisionally held in Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris

Primary reference: J. Koteja and D. Azar. 2008. Scale insects from Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccinea). Alavesia 2:133-167 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 123000: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 09.01.2012, edited by Arram Noshirvan

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Neazoniidae
Neazonia imprinta n. sp.10 Szwedo 2007 planthopper
No. JG 85/7 BM 778
 Hemiptera - Ortheziidae
? Cretorthezia sp. Koteja and Azar 2008 ensign scale insect
JS-95 BM-53
 Psocodea - Archaeatropidae
"Libanoglaris randatae n. sp." = Archaeatropos randatae2
"Libanoglaris randatae n. sp." = Archaeatropos randatae2 Azar and Nel 2004 bark louse
JS 203/2
 Hymenoptera - Evaniidae
Lebanevania azari n. gen. n. sp.4
Lebanevania azari n. gen. n. sp.4 Basibuyuk and Rasnitsyn 2002 ensign wasp
JG 115/25 BM320
 Coleoptera - Micromalthidae
Cretomalthus acracrowsonorum n. gen. n. sp.5 Kirejtshuk and Azar 2008 telephone pole beetle
JS27
 Diptera - Chironomidae
Libanochlites neocomicus11 Brundin 1976 non biting midge
JG 375/3 BM497, JG 375/5 BM467 (2 specimens), JG 375/1 BM496
Cretaenne kobeyssii3 Azar et al. 2008 non biting midge
JS 74-BM102, JG115/20-BM117
Haematotanypus libanicus n. gen. n. sp.3 Azar et al. 2008 non biting midge
JS 378
 Diptera - Tanyderidae
Nannotanyderus ansorgei n. sp.6 Krzemiński et al. 2013 primitive crane fly
JG.385/2B
 Diptera - Psychodidae
"Paleopsychoda jacquelinea" = Paleopsychoda jacquelinae1
"Paleopsychoda jacquelinea" = Paleopsychoda jacquelinae1 Azar et al. 1999 moth fly
JS 149 BM
 Raphidioptera -
Raphidiomorpha indet.9 Engel 2002 snakefly
JG-13
 Neuroptera - Rhachiberothidae
Chimerhachiberotha acrasarii n. gen. n. sp.7 Nel et al. 2005 thorny lacewing
JS 372 F2
Myriapoda
 Polyxenida - Polyxenidae
Electroxenus jezzinensis n. gen. n. sp.8
Electroxenus jezzinensis n. gen. n. sp.8 Nguyen Duy-Jacquemin and Azar 2004 millipede
JS 231/1