Burmese amber (Zigras coll) (Cretaceous of Myanmar)

Where: Myanmar (26.4° N, 96.7° E: paleocoordinates 12.4° N, 93.8° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Early/Lower Cenomanian (99.6 - 93.5 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; amber

Size class: mesofossils

Preservation: amber

Reposited in the AMNH

• In private collection of James Zigras, available for study through the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Primary reference: D. A. Grimaldi, A. Arillo, J. M. Cumming and M. Hauser. 2011. Brachyceran Diptera (Insecta) in Cretaceous ambers, Part IV, significant new Orthorrhaphous Taxa. ZooKeys 148:293-332 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 123113: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 11.01.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Blattodea -
Euisoptera indet.12 Engel et al. 2009 termite
JZC Bu235
Krishnatermes sp.12 Engel et al. 2016 termite
JZC Bu156
Krishnatermes yoddha n. gen. n. sp.12 Engel et al. 2016 termite
JZC-Bu1839a,b, 183
 Dermaptera -
Epidermaptera "nymph sp. 2"13 Engel 2003 earwig
JZC Bu59
 Dermaptera - Anisolabididae
Anisolabididae "nymph sp. 1"13 Verhoeff 1902 earwig
JZC Bu231 (possibly Toxolabis zigrasi?)
Toxolabis zigrasi n. gen. n. sp.13 Engel and Grimaldi 2014 earwig
JZC Bu231
 Dermaptera - Labiduridae
Zigrasolabis speciosa n. gen. n. sp.13
Zigrasolabis speciosa n. gen. n. sp.13 Engel and Grimaldi 2014 long-horned earwig
JZC Bu232
 Hymenoptera - Stigmaphronidae
Burmaphron tridentatum10 Engel and Grimaldi 2009 wasp
 Hymenoptera - Vespidae
Protovespa haxairei n. gen. n. sp.23, Curiosivespa zigrasi n. sp.23, Curiosivespa striata n. sp.23
Protovespa haxairei n. gen. n. sp.23 Perrard and Carpenter 2017 wasp
AMNH JZC-Bu1837
Curiosivespa zigrasi n. sp.23 Perrard and Carpenter 2017 wasp
AMNH JZC-Bu245
Curiosivespa striata n. sp.23 Perrard and Carpenter 2017 wasp
AMNH JZC-Bu1839
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Zigrasimecia tonsora n. gen. n. sp.3, Haidomyrmex zigrasi n. sp.2, Gerontoformica sp.5, Gerontoformica maraudera n. sp.5, "Sphecomyrmodes pilosus n. sp." = Gerontoformica pilosus4, "Sphecomyrmodes tendir n. sp." = Gerontoformica tendir4, "Sphecomyrmodes contegus n. sp." = Gerontoformica contegus4, "Sphecomyrmodes magnus n. sp." = Gerontoformica magnus4, "Sphecomyrmodes rugosus n. sp." = Gerontoformica rugosus4, "Sphecomyrmodes spiralis n. sp." = Gerontoformica spiralis4, "Sphecomyrmodes robustus n. sp." = Gerontoformica robustus4, "Sphecomyrmodes gracilis n. sp." = Gerontoformica gracilis4, "Sphecomyrmodes subcuspis n. sp." = Gerontoformica subcuspis4, ? Camelomecia sp.5
Zigrasimecia tonsora n. gen. n. sp.3 Barden and Grimaldi 2013 ant
JZC Bu-159
Haidomyrmex zigrasi n. sp.2 Barden and Grimaldi 2012 hell ant
JZC Bu116K in Bardenm & Grimaldi 2016
Gerontoformica sp.5 Nel and Perrault 2004 ant
JZC Bu313, 318, 1821; Bu1645A-U (mostly G. orientalis, but also G. contegus and G. robustus)
Gerontoformica maraudera n. sp.5 Barden and Grimaldi 2016 ant
JZC Bu1846
"Sphecomyrmodes pilosus n. sp." = Gerontoformica pilosus4 Barden and Grimaldi 2014 ant
JZC Bu225
"Sphecomyrmodes tendir n. sp." = Gerontoformica tendir4 Barden and Grimaldi 2014 ant
JZC Bu303A, 303B; Bu1646A in Barden & Grimaldi 2016
"Sphecomyrmodes contegus n. sp." = Gerontoformica contegus4 Barden and Grimaldi 2014 ant
JZC Bu300A, 115A
"Sphecomyrmodes magnus n. sp." = Gerontoformica magnus4 Barden and Grimaldi 2014 ant
JZC Bu108A, 114, 343
"Sphecomyrmodes rugosus n. sp." = Gerontoformica rugosus4 Barden and Grimaldi 2014 ant
JZC Bu1648
"Sphecomyrmodes spiralis n. sp." = Gerontoformica spiralis4 Barden and Grimaldi 2014 ant
JZC Bu222A, 224, 111, 401, 12, 105A, 302A; 1814A-F, 116A-J,L, 1646B in Barden & Grimaldi 2016
"Sphecomyrmodes robustus n. sp." = Gerontoformica robustus4 Barden and Grimaldi 2014 ant
JZC Bu223A, 106, 223B
"Sphecomyrmodes gracilis n. sp." = Gerontoformica gracilis4 Barden and Grimaldi 2014 ant
JZC Bu324A, B
"Sphecomyrmodes subcuspis n. sp." = Gerontoformica subcuspis4 Barden and Grimaldi 2014 ant
JZC Bu304, 305, 121A
? Camelomecia sp.5 Barden and Grimaldi 2016 ant
JZC Bu1818
 Hymenoptera - Stephanidae
Kronostephanus zigrasi n. gen. n. sp.16
Kronostephanus zigrasi n. gen. n. sp.16 Engel and Grimaldi 2013 crown wasp
JZC-Bu230
 Hymenoptera - Pelecinidae
Zoropelecinus zigrasi n. gen. n. sp.15
Zoropelecinus zigrasi n. gen. n. sp.15 Engel and Grimaldi 2013 wasp
JZC-Bu229
 Hymenoptera - Aulacidae
Archeofoenus tartaricus n. gen. n. sp.11, Electrofoenops diminuta n. gen. n. sp.11
Archeofoenus tartaricus n. gen. n. sp.11 Engel 2017 wasp
JZC Bu-551
Electrofoenops diminuta n. gen. n. sp.11 Engel 2017 wasp
JZC Bu-60
 Coleoptera - Monotomidae
Cretakarenni birmanicus n. gen. n. sp.22
Cretakarenni birmanicus n. gen. n. sp.22 Peris and Delclòs 2015 root eating beetle
JZC Bu-33C
 Coleoptera - Nemonychidae
Burmonyx zigrasi n. gen. n. sp.7
Burmonyx zigrasi n. gen. n. sp.7 Davis and Engel 2014 pine flower snout beetle
JZC Bu228
 Mecoptera - Meropeidae
Burmomerope eureka n. gen. n. sp.19
Burmomerope eureka n. gen. n. sp.19 Grimaldi and Engel 2013 earwigfly
JZC Bu-84
 Mecoptera - Pseudopolycentropodidae
Parapolycentropus sp.20 Grimaldi and Rasnitsyn 2005 scorpionfly
JZC Bu433 (3 males), Bu1329, Bu1121
Parapolycentropus paraburmiticus20 Grimaldi and Rasnitsyn 2005 scorpionfly
JZC BU273, 80-82, 148, 542A, 1433A, 1433B, 274, 525, 590, no #, 1192
Parapolycentropus burmiticus20 Grimaldi and Rasnitsyn 2005 scorpionfly
JZC Bu1268
 Diptera - Culicidae
Burmaculex antiquus6 Borkent and Grimaldi 2004 mosquito
JCZ-Bu213
 Diptera - Eucaudomyiidae
Eucaudomyia longicerci n. gen. n. sp.17
Eucaudomyia longicerci n. gen. n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 fly
JZC Bu-241
 Diptera - Bombyliidae
Procrocidium minutum n. gen. n. sp.17, Endymiomyia quadra n. gen. n. sp.17
Procrocidium minutum n. gen. n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 bee fly
JZC Bu-098
Endymiomyia quadra n. gen. n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 bee fly
JZC Bu-209
 Diptera - Mysteromyiidae
Mysteromyia plumosa n. gen. n. sp.17
Mysteromyia plumosa n. gen. n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 fly
JZC Bu-1817a
 Diptera -
"Cyclorrhapha indet." = Cyclorrhapha18
"Cyclorrhapha indet." = Cyclorrhapha18 Brauer 1863 fly
JZC Bu304
 Diptera - Platypezidae
Burmapeza radicis n. gen. n. sp.18 Grimaldi 2018 flat-footed fly
JZC Bu178a, b
Calvopeza divergens18 Grimaldi 2018 flat-footed fly
JZC Bu212
 Diptera - Phoridae
Prophora dimorion18 Grimaldi 2018 scuttle fly
JZC Bu242
 Diptera - Apystomyiidae
Hilarimorphites cummingi n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 fly
JZC Bu-177
 Diptera - Asilidae
Burmapogon bruckschi9 Dikow and Grimaldi 2014 robber fly
JZC Bu163
 Diptera - Tethepomyiidae
Tethepomyia zigrasi n. sp. Grimaldi and Arillo 2011 fly
 Diptera - Stratiomyidae
Normyia woodleyi17 Grimaldi 2016 soldier fly
JZC Bu-001
Normyia telescopica n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 soldier fly
JZC Bu-104
 Diptera - Xylomyidae
Archosolva sulcata n. sp.17, Archosolva biceps n. gen. n. sp.17
Archosolva sulcata n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 fly
JZC Bu-208
Archosolva biceps n. gen. n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 fly
JZC Bu-257
 Diptera -
Palaepangonius glossa n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 fly
JZC Bu-248
Atherhagiox simulans n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 fly
JZC Bu-288
 Diptera - Nemestrinidae
Hirmoneura zigrasi n. sp.17 Grimaldi 2016 tangle-veined fly
JZC Bu-169
 Neuroptera - Coniopterygidae
Paranimboa litotes n. gen. n. sp.10, Achlyoconis heptatrichia n. gen. n. sp.10
Paranimboa litotes n. gen. n. sp.10 Engel 2016 dustywing
AMNH JZC Bu-275
Achlyoconis heptatrichia n. gen. n. sp.10 Engel 2016 dustywing
AMNH JZC Bu-50
 Neuroptera -
Diodontognathus papillatus1 Badano et al. 2018 lacewing
AMNH JZC-Bu29
 Neuroptera - Myrmeleontidae
Pristinofossor rictus n. gen. n. sp.1
Pristinofossor rictus n. gen. n. sp.1 Badano and Engel 2018 antlion
AMNH JZC-Bu304
 Neuroptera -
Adelpholeon lithophorus n. gen. n. sp.1
Adelpholeon lithophorus n. gen. n. sp.1 Badano and Engel 2018 lacewing
AMNH JZC-Bu31
 Neuroptera - Nymphidae
Nymphavus progenitor1 Badano et al. 2018 split-footed lacewing
AMNH JZC-Bu33A
 Neuroptera -
Macleodiella electrina n. gen. n. sp.1
Macleodiella electrina n. gen. n. sp.1 Badano and Engel 2018 lacewing
AMNH JZC-Bu30
 Neuroptera - Psychopsidae
Aphthartopsychops scutatus n. gen. n. sp.1, Acanthopsychops triaina n. gen. n. sp.1
Aphthartopsychops scutatus n. gen. n. sp.1 Badano and Engel 2018 silky lacewing
AMNH JZC-Bu197
Acanthopsychops triaina n. gen. n. sp.1 Badano and Engel 2018 silky lacewing
AMNH JZC-Bu404
Arachnida
 Parasitiformes - Ixodidae
Cornupalpatum burmanicum21 Poinar and Brown 2003 hard tick
AMNH Bu JZC-F18
 Amblypygi -
Kronocharon prendinii n. gen. n. sp.14
Kronocharon prendinii n. gen. n. sp.14 Engel and Grimaldi 2014 whip spider
JZC Bu150 (femaly holotype and three nymphs)
Reptilia
 Squamata -
Squamata indet.8 Oppel 1811 squamates
JZC Bu267, intact body including epidermis, soft tissues, and tongue tip; JZC Bu269, hollow body cavity with multicarinate scaled epidermis, some tooth-bearing bones retained; JZC Bu1848, integument, with some skeletal elements and internal organs preserved
Lacertoidea indet.8 Camp 1923 squamates
JZC Bu1803, large lacertoid with intact integument;
 Squamata - Agamidae
Agamidae indet.8 Gray 1827 squamates
JZC Bu266, isolated left posterior leg;
 Squamata - Chamaeleonidae
Chamaeleonidae indet.8 Gray 1825 chameleon
JZC Bu154, small neonate with integument and most of the skeleton preserved
 Squamata -
Gekkota indet.8 squamates
JZCBu1847, hindquarters of large gecko; JCZBu1802, entire skull plus vertebral column and some limb and pelvic bones