Baltic Amber (Eichmann collection) (Eocene of Germany)

Where: Germany (54.6° N, 13.1° E: paleocoordinates 53.4° N, 8.5° E)

When: Priabonian (38.0 - 33.9 Ma)

• According to Aleksandrova and Zaporozhets (2008), the higher parts of the Prussian Formation (including the Blaue Erde or Blue Earth) belong to the Charlesdowniea clathrata angulosa dinocyst Zone. Based on its index species, this zone is concurrent to Zone W13 established in the Parisian basin (Châteauneuf and Gruas-Cavagnetto 1978), where it is correlated with nannoplankton zones NP18–NP21 (Powell, 1992) of the Priabonian. In the Paleogene zonation of northwestern Europe, the first occurrence of Thalassiphora fenestrata is designated at the base of the dinocyst Subzone D12b (36.20 +/- 0.1 Ma), which is correlated with zones NP18 (terminal part)–NP20 of the Priabonian (Luterbacher et al., 2004).

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; amber

Size class: mesofossils

Preservation: amber

Collection methods: Repository of Freidhelm Eichmann

Primary reference: M. S. Engel. 2001. A monograph of the Baltic amber bees and evolution of the Apoidea (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 259:1-192 [M. Clapham/A. Noshirvan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 123769: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Arram Noshirvan on 28.01.2012, edited by Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Kuwaniidae
Hoffeinsia foldii1 Koteja 2008 scale insect
Nr. 591
 Hymenoptera - Megachilidae
Glyptapis fuscula Cockerell 1909 mason bee
(CFEG)
 Hymenoptera - Apidae
Succinapis micheneri Engel 2001 bee
(CFEG)
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Trechus eoanophthalmus n. sp.2 Schmidt et al. 2016 ground beetle
No. 452
 Diptera - Conopidae
Palaeomyopa tertiaria3 Meunier 1912 thick-headed fly
 Trichoptera - Sericostomatidae
Aulacomyia infuscata4 Ulmer 1912 caddisfly
Arachnida
 Araneae - Archaeidae
Archaea paradoxa5 Koch and Berendt 1854 spider
 Araneae - Clubionidae
Clubionidae indet.10 Simon 1895 sac spider
May be conspecific with Eodoter magnificus
 Araneae - Phrurolithidae
Protoorthobula bifida12 Wunderlich 2004 spider
AR22
 Araneae - Liocranidae
Apostenus spinimanus11 Koch and Berendt 1854 spider
Nr. 611
 Araneae - Succinomidae
Eohalinobius hiddenseeensis n. sp.15 Wunderlich 2012 spider
Ar. 88 (few km south of Vitte)
 Araneae - Araneidae
Luxurionephila spinifera n. gen. n. sp.6 Wunderlich 2004 orb-weaving spider
No.381
Eonephila bitterfeldensis6 Wunderlich 2004 orb-weaving spider
AE19
 Araneae - Theridiidae
Clavibertus prominens13 Wunderlich 2008 cobweb spider
Ar 30
Clya lugubris13 Koch and Berendt 1854 cobweb spider
No. 03
 Araneae - Synotaxidae
Acrometa eichmanni n. sp.8 Wunderlich 2004 spider
no. 500
Eosynotaxus bispinosus n. sp.8 Wunderlich 2004 spider
 Araneae - Theridiosomatidae
Eoepeirotypus sp.7 Wunderlich 2004 ray spider
 Araneae - Zodariidae
Zodariodamus recurvatus n. gen. n. sp.9 Wunderlich 2004 spider
Zodariinae "indet. 3"9 Thorell 1881 spider
Anniculus balticus9 Petrunkevitch 1942 spider
 Araneae - Halonoproctidae
? Ummidia sp.14 Thorell 1875 spider
Eichmann Ar 38 (not Grabenhorst Ar-38 as in Wunderlich, 2011)
 Araneae - Atypidae
Balticatypus spinosus n. sp.14 Wunderlich 2011 purse web spider
Ar. 80