East Africa Copal (BMNH coll) (Holocene of Tanzania)

Where: Tanzania (6.9° S, 39.3° E: paleocoordinates 6.9° S, 39.3° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; amber

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: amber

Reposited in the BMNH

Primary reference: F. Smith. 1868. Explanation of the plate of organic remains found in amber, in Amber; its origin and history, as illustrated by the geology of Samland. Quarterly Journal of Science 5:183-184 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 123991: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 05.02.2012, edited by Jered Karr

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Material illustrated by Smith (1868) was assumed to be from Baltic amber but is actually copal from east Africa (Grimaldi et al., 1994; O'Hara et al., 2013). Shelford's (1911) cockroaches from "Stettin" are also from east African copal.
Insecta
 Hemiptera - Ricaniidae
Ricaniidae indet.7 Amyot and Audinet-Serville 1843 planthopper
BMNH In. 38928
Pocharica sp.7 Signoret 1860 planthopper
BMNH In. 17674
Pochazoides "sp. 1"7 Signoret 1860 planthopper
BMNH 58572
Pochazoides "sp. 2"7 Signoret 1860 planthopper
BMNH In. 38981 (x2)
Pochazoides szwedoi n. sp.6 Stroinski 2007 planthopper
BMNH In. 17676
Acroprivesa msandarusi n. sp.7 Stroinski and Szwedo 2002 planthopper
Osaka "sp. 1"7 Distant 1917 planthopper
BMNH In. 17677, 18208
 Hemiptera - Issidae
Issidae indet.7 Spinola 1839 planthopper
BMNH In. 18256
 Hemiptera - Derbidae
Zoraida (Zoraida) angolensis7 Synave 1973 planthopper
BMNH In. 24743
 Hemiptera - Cicadellidae
"Cicada forsythii n. sp." = Cicada forsythi2
"Cicada forsythii n. sp." = Cicada forsythi2 Buckton 1891 leafhopper
 Blattodea - Termitidae
cf. Termes sp. Linnaeus 1758 termite
fig 9, "a species of Termes"
 Blattodea - Blattoidae
? Periplaneta sp.5 Burmeister 1838 cockroach
BMNH 58652
Periplaneta sp.5 Burmeister 1838 cockroach
BMNH I.13760, 13767
 Blattodea - Corydiidae
Euthyrrhapha pacifica5 Coquebert 1804 cockroach
BMNH 58535
 Blattodea - Ectobiidae
Anaplecta sp.5 Burmeister 1838 cockroach
BMNH I.13761, 13769
Plectoptera antiqua n. sp.5 Shelford 1911 cockroach
BMNH I.13758
Ceratinoptera miocenica n. sp.5 Shelford 1911 cockroach
BMNH 58557
Pseudophyllodromia succinica n. sp.5 Shelford 1911 cockroach
BMNH 58616
Ischnoptera provisionalis n. sp.5 Shelford 1911 cockroach
BMNH I.13764, 13766
"Phyllodromia sp." = Blattella5 Caudell 1903 cockroach
BMNH I.13759
Phyllodromia woodwardi n. sp.5 Shelford 1911 cockroach
BMNH 58577, I.13770
Phyllodromia praecursor n. sp.5 Shelford 1911 cockroach
BMNH 58505
 Orthoptera - Acrididae
Mecostibus sp.12 Karsch 1896 spur-throated grasshopper
BMNH In 25789 (coll. J.R. Morton); first stage male larva
 Orthoptera - Gryllidae
Rhicnogryllus zeuneri n. sp.3 Chopard 1936 true crickets
BMNH I. 13768
Amusurgus africanus n. sp.3 Chopard 1936 true crickets
BMNH 58584, In. 17680
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Formicidae "indet. 1" Latreille 1802 ant
fig 3, "either Anomma rubella or a closely allied species"
Formicidae "indet. 2" Latreille 1802 ant
fig 4, "belonging to the South American and African genus Polyrhachis"
 Coleoptera - Elateridae
cf. Cardiophorus sp. Eschscholtz 1829 click beetle
fig 6
 Coleoptera - Tenebrionidae
"Cistelidae indet." = Cteniopodini, Sora (Sora) zanzibarensis n. sp.1
"Cistelidae indet." = Cteniopodini Solier 1835 comb-clawed beetle
fig 7, "allied to the genus Statira"
Sora (Sora) zanzibarensis n. sp.1 Abdullah 1964 darkling beetle
BMNH I. 5281
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
"Eumolpidae indet." = Eumolpinae
"Eumolpidae indet." = Eumolpinae Hope 1840 leaf beetle
fig 8, "probably belonging to the genus Calasposoma"
 Coleoptera - Curculionidae
"Platypus solutus" = Euplatypus solutus4, "Crossotarsus tenuis" = Doliopygus tenuis4, "Crossotarsus crinitus" = Doliopygus crinitus4, Xyleborus amanicus4, Xyleborus resinosus n. sp.4, "Xyleborus ferrugineus" = Xyleborus ferrugineus4, "Xyleborus confusus" = Xyleborus ferrugineus4, "Xyleborus testaceus" = Xyleborus perforans4, Xyleborus alluaudi4, "Xyleborus xanthopus" = Euwallacea xanthopus4, "Xyleborus pseudocrucifer n. sp." = Cyclorhipidion pseudocrucifer4
"Platypus solutus" = Euplatypus solutus4 Schedl 1933 ambrosia beetle
BMNH In. 37137
"Crossotarsus tenuis" = Doliopygus tenuis4 Strohmayer 1912 ambrosia beetle
BMNH In. 37137, In. 18205
"Crossotarsus crinitus" = Doliopygus crinitus4 Chapuis 1866 ambrosia beetle
BMNH 58644
Xyleborus amanicus4 Hagedorn 1910 bark beetle
BMNH In. 37137
Xyleborus resinosus n. sp.4 Schedl 1939 bark beetle
BMNH In. 18252 (x18), 58627 (x13), In. 18203 (x2), In. 18204
"Xyleborus ferrugineus" = Xyleborus ferrugineus4 Fabricius 1801 bark beetle
BMNH In. 37137
"Xyleborus confusus" = Xyleborus ferrugineus4 Fabricius 1801 bark beetle
BMNH In. 37137
"Xyleborus testaceus" = Xyleborus perforans4 Wollaston 1857 bark beetle
BMNH In. 37137
Xyleborus alluaudi4 Schaufuss 1897 bark beetle
BMNH 58564, 58597, 58642, 58646, In. 37137
"Xyleborus xanthopus" = Euwallacea xanthopus4 Eichhoff 1868 bark beetle
BMNH In. 37137
"Xyleborus pseudocrucifer n. sp." = Cyclorhipidion pseudocrucifer4 Schedl 1939 bark beetle
BMNH 58647
 Diptera - Muscidae
"Paleotachina smithii n. gen. n. sp." = Aethiopomyia gigas9
"Paleotachina smithii n. gen. n. sp." = Aethiopomyia gigas9 Stein 1906 house fly
BMNH 58513 (fig 2 in Smith, 1868)
 Diptera - Sarcophagidae
"Electrotachina smithii n. gen. n. sp." = Dolichotachina smithii10
"Electrotachina smithii n. gen. n. sp." = Dolichotachina smithii10 Townsend 1938 satellite fly
BMNH 58551 (fig 5 "new genus allied to Tachinus")
 Diptera - Empididae
Phyllodromia inclusa n. sp.5 Shelford 1911 dagger fly
BMNH I.13765
 Diptera - Rhagionidae
"cf. Leptis sp." = Rhagio
"cf. Leptis sp." = Rhagio Fabricius 1775 snipe fly
fig 1
 Diptera - Tabanidae
Haematopota pinicola n. sp.8 Stuckenberg 1975 horse fly
BMNH 58558
 Diptera - Psychodidae
"Phlebotomus succini n. sp." = Sergentomyia succini8
"Phlebotomus succini n. sp." = Sergentomyia succini8 Stuckenberg 1975 sand fly
BMNH 58558
 Lepidoptera - Pieridae
Belenois crawshayi11 Butler 1894 Crawshay's caper white
BMNH I.3004 (purchased of Miss Harford, April 1895)
Arachnida
 Araneae - Salticidae
"Attidae indet." = Salticidae
"Attidae indet." = Salticidae Blackwall 1841 spider