Shansi Rhinoceroses - 1 (Miocene of China)

Where: Shanxi, China (41.0° N, 115.0° E: paleocoordinates 40.9° N, 113.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Late/Upper Miocene (11.6 - 5.3 Ma)

• The age estiamtes for the collection are made based on the presense of several taxa characteristic of a Pliocene Hipparion fauna.

•JA: the age is unquestionably late Miocene based on the faunal list

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

• Unknown but thought to be from the red clays of the early Pliocene, Pontian, of the Paote Distirct, where the type specimen of Sinotherium largrelii was found.

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: M. M. Chow. 1958. New elasmotherine rhinoceroses from Shansi. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 2(2-3):131-142 [W. Clyde/J. Finarelli/W. Clyde]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 13477: authorized by Will Clyde, entered by John Finarelli on 01.04.2002

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Sinotherium simplum n. sp. rhinoceros
single M3 (upper)
Chilotherium sp. Ringström 1924 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion spp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
"2 or 3 species"
Hypohippus sp. Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Ictitherium sp. Wagner 1848 hyaena
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Samotherium sp. Forsyth Major 1888 giraffe
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer