Slite Beds: Fossils of crinoid limestone (Manten 1971, Table IX) (Silurian of Sweden)

Where: Gotland, Sweden (57.7° N, 18.8° E: paleocoordinates 21.4° S, 2.8° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Slite Beds Formation, Sheinwoodian (433.4 - 430.5 Ma)

• Correlation based on Jeppsson (1983), Fossils and Strata 15:128.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: open shallow subtidal; limestone and reef rocks

• SEP: Silurian of Gotland has been variably described as a ramp and platform. Based on my read of the literature, I think if falls best into the ramp category. From Samtleben et al. (1996). Geol. Rundsch 85:278-292; "...this unit consists of a carbonate platform with reef mounds and surrounding shoal sediments of mostly pure biodetritic and pleoidal limestones. Here slow and discontinuous accumulation of carbonate material continued in a very shallow water but under normal marine conditions....to the south and southwest the carbonate platform passes with a conspicuous slope into a deeper shelf basin where a uniform alternation of micritic limestones and marls accumulated." Based on information provided in this collection, it is difficult to tell which facies is represented but I have assumed that it represents the more extensive shallow subtidal facies.
• see geology

Primary reference: A. A. Manten. 1971. Silurian Reefs of Gotland. Developments in Sedimentology 13:1-539 [M. Foote/M. Foote/P. Wagner]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 13598: authorized by Michael Foote, entered by Michael Foote on 15.04.2002

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Algae also included.
unclassified
  -
Trilobita
  -
Trilobita indet. Walch 1771 trilobite
 Phacopida - Dalmanitidae
 Phacopida - Encrinuridae
Encrinurus punctatus Wahlenberg 1821 trilobite
 Phacopida - Calymenidae
Calymene sp. Brongniart 1822 trilobite
 Proetida - Proetidae
Proetus sp. Steininger 1831 trilobite
Ostracoda
  -
Ostracoda indet. Latreille 1802 ostracod
 Palaeocopida -
 Palaeocopida - Beyrichiidae
Beyrichia sp. M'Coy 1846 ostracod
 Leperditicopida - Leperditiidae
Lophophorata
 Tentaculitida - Tentaculitidae
Brachiopoda
  -
Brachiopoda indet. Cuvier 1805
Strophomenata
 Productida - Chonetidae
Chonetes sp. Fischer de Waldheim 1830
 Orthotetida - Chilidiopsidae
"Chilidiopsis pecten" = Coolinia pecten
"Chilidiopsis pecten" = Coolinia pecten Linnaeus 1758
 Strophomenida - Leptostrophiidae
"Stropheodonta semiglobosa" = Protomegastrophia semiglobosa
"Stropheodonta semiglobosa" = Protomegastrophia semiglobosa Davidson 1871
 Strophomenida - Rafinesquinidae
Leptaena rhomboidalis Wahlenberg 1818
 Strophomenida - Amphistrophiidae
"Amphistrophia funiculata" = Amphistrophiella funiculata
"Amphistrophia funiculata" = Amphistrophiella funiculata M'Coy 1846
Rhynchonellata
 Athyridida - Meristellidae
Meristina obtusa Sowerby 1818
 Terebratulida - Megathyrididae
"Rhynchotreta cuneata" = Argyrotheca cuneata
"Rhynchotreta cuneata" = Argyrotheca cuneata Dalman 1828
 Spiriferida - Cyrtiidae
"Cyrtia exporrecta" = Cyrtia exporrectus
"Cyrtia exporrecta" = Cyrtia exporrectus Wahlenberg 1818
 Spiriferida - Delthyrididae
Howellella elegans Muir-Wood 1925
Delthyris elevata Dalman 1828
 Pentamerida - Gypidulidae
Gypidula galeata Dalman 1828
 Pentamerida - Subrianidae
 Pentamerida - Pentameridae
 Atrypida - Atrypidae
Plectatrypa imbricata Sowerby and Murchison 1839
Plectatrypa lamellosa Lindström 1861
 Rhynchonellida - Rhynchotrematidae
"Camarotoechia borealis" = Stegerhynchus borealis
"Camarotoechia borealis" = Stegerhynchus borealis Buch 1834
 Rhynchonellida - Camarotoechiidae
 Orthida - Linoporellidae
Linoporella punctata deVerneuil 1848
 Orthida - Rhipidomellidae
 Orthida - Dalmanellidae
Resserella sp. Bancroft 1928
Resserella elegantula Dalman 1828
 Orthida - Hesperorthidae
 Orthida - Platystrophiidae
"Platystrophia biforata" = Platystrophia biforatus
"Platystrophia biforata" = Platystrophia biforatus Schlotheim 1820
Craniata
 Trimerellida - Trimerellidae
Trimerella sp. Billings 1862
unclassified
  -
Annelida indet. Lamarck 1809
Polychaeta
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
Spirorbis sp. Daudin 1800
Rostroconchia
  -
Conocardium sp. Bronn 1835
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
 Cyrtoneritimorpha - Orthonychiidae
"Platyceras cyathinium" = Orthonychia enorme
"Platyceras cyathinium" = Orthonychia enorme Lindström 1884 snail
 Euomphalina - Euomphalidae
Euomphalopterus alatus Wahlenberg 1821 snail
Poleumita sp. Clarke and Ruedemann 1903 snail
 Euomphalina - Platyceratidae
"Platyceras cornutum" = Platyostoma cornutum
"Platyceras cornutum" = Platyostoma cornutum Hisinger 1837 snail
 Murchisoniina - Hormotomidae
Hormotoma sp. Salter 1859 snail
Tentaculita
 Cornulitida - Cornulitidae
Cephalopoda
 Orthocerida - Orthoceratidae
Orthoceras sp. Breynius 1832
Bryozoa
  -
Bryozoa indet. Ehrenberg 1831
Stenolaemata
 Fenestrida - Fenestellidae
 Cryptostomata - Ptilodictyidae
Ptilodictya lanceolata Goldfuss 1829
Crinoidea
  -
Crinoidea indet. Miller 1821 Sea lily
 Pisocrinida - Pisocrinidae
Pisocrinus sp. de Koninck 1858 Sea lily
 Calceocrinida - Calceocrinidae
Calceocrinus sp. Hall 1852 Sea lily
 Disparida -
Herpetocrinus sp. Salter 1873 Sea lily
 Cladida -
 Cyathocrinida - Cyathocrinitidae
Cyathocrinus sp. Miller 1821 Sea lily
Gissocrinus sp. Angelin 1878 Sea lily
 Cyathocrinida - Euspirocrinidae
Euspirocrinus spiralis Angelin 1878 Sea lily
[entered as Euspriocrinus spiralis]
 Monobathrida -
Promelocrinus sp. Jaekel 1902 Sea lily
Stromatoporoidea
 Stromatoporoidea -
 Clathrodictyida - Clathrodictyidae
Anthozoa
  -
Anthozoa indet. Ehrenberg 1834
 Auloporida - Roemeriidae
Roemeria sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851 tabulate coral
 Auloporida - Syringoporidae
Syringopora sp. Goldfuss 1826 tabulate coral
 Auloporida - Auloporidae
Aulopora sp. Goldfuss 1829 tabulate coral
 Favositida - Favositidae
Favosites sp. Lamarck 1816 tabulate coral
Favosites gothlandicus Lamarck 1816 tabulate coral
 Favositida - Theciidae
Thecia swinderniana Goldfuss 1829 tabulate coral
 Favositida - Alveolitidae
Planalveolites fougti tabulate coral
 Favositida - Coenitidae
Coenites repens tabulate coral
Coenites sp. Eichwald 1829 tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Halysitidae
Halysites cateularius tabulate coral
Halysites sp. von Waldheim 1813 tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Plasmoporidae
Plasmopora foroensis tabulate coral
Plasmopora petalliformis tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Heliolitidae
Heliolites parvistella tabulate coral
Heliolites sp. Dana 1846 tabulate coral
Heliolites barrandei Penecke 1887 tabulate coral
 Cystiphyllida - Cystiphyllidae
"Hedstroemophyllum articulatum" = Cystiphyllum (Hedstroemophyllum) horn coral
 Stauriida - Stauriidae
Stauria favosa horn coral
 Stauriida - Acervulariidae
Acervularia sp. Schweigger 1819 horn coral
 Stauriida - Lykophyllidae
"Lykophyllum hisingeri" = Phaulactis
"Lykophyllum hisingeri" = Phaulactis horn coral
 Stauriida - Entelophyllidae
 Rugosa -
Omphyma sp. Rafinesque and Clifford 1820 horn coral